- Louis Plack Hammett
Louis Plack Hammett (April 7, 1894 - February 9, 1987) was an American
physical chemist. He is perhaps best known for the Hammett equation, which relates reaction rates to equilibrium constants for certain classes of organic reactions involving substituted aromaticcompounds. He is also known for his research into superacidsand his development of a scheme for comparing their acidities based on what is now known as the Hammett acidity function.
Awards included the
Priestley Medalin 1961.
Hammett grew up in
Portland, Maine, and studied in Harvard and Switzerland. He earned his Ph.D. at Columbia University. He authored an influential textbook on Physical organic chemistry, [Hammett, Louis P. (1940) "Physical Organic Chemistry" New York: McGraw Hill.] and is credited with coining the term.
*Hammond, George S. (1997) " [http://www.iupac.org/publications/pac/1997/pdf/6909x1919.pdf Physical organic chemistry after 50 years: It has changed, but is it still there?] "
IUPACV9. 69, No. 9, pp. 1919-1922.
*Westheimer, F. H. (1997) " [http://books.nap.edu/html/biomems/lhammett.html Biographical Memoirs] " V72, pp.136-149.
*Young, Robin V., Sessine, Suzanne (1999) " [http://www.bookrags.com/biography/louis-hammett-woc/ World of Chemistry] " Thomson Gale.
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