Land mine situation in Chechnya

Land mine situation in Chechnya

Chechnya is the most land mine-affected region worldwide. [ [ Chechnya: Land Mines Seen As Continuing Scourge] , RFE/RL, October 19, 2004]

Since 1994 there have been widespread use of mines, by both sides. Russia is a party to the 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons but not the 1996 protocol on mines, booby traps, and other devices. In addition to using hand-emplaced mines, Russian forces have also deployed anti-personnel mines from airplanes, helicopters and rockets, resulting in large tracts of mined land that is unmarked and unfenced. Most of this scatterable mining took place in 1999 and 2000. In addition, only half of the cluster munitions dropped in Chechnya actually detonated.

Urban areas (including civil buildings in the capital Grozny), villages, roads, fields, woods, mountain paths, bridges and rivers were mined. Eighty percent of minefields were unmarked. The most heavily mined areas are those in which rebels continue to put up resistance, namely the southern regions, as well as the borders of Chechnya.

No humanitarian mine clearance has taken place since the HALO Trust was evicted in December 1999, after the Russian government accused the organization of espionage and arrested some of their staff. In June 2002, Olara Otunnu, the United Nations Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, estimated that there were 500,000 land mines placed in the region.

In September 2003 the International Campaign to Ban Landmines reported that almost 6,000 people, 938 of which were children, died or were injured by land mines in Chechnya in 2002, more than anywhere else in the world. It is an especially disturbing figure in a region whose population was less than one million people.

On April 4 2006, UNICEF and European Commission said in a joint statement released in Moscow that over 3,030 people have been maimed or killed by land mines in the course of the second Chechen War (April 4 marked the first International Day for Mine Awareness). UNICEF has recorded 2,340 civilian land mine and unexploded ordnance casualties occurring in Chechnya between 1999 and the end of 2003.

In March 2007 Chechen government official said that "the overall number of people who suffered from mine explosions in Chechnya was 3,067 including 573 women (100 lethal cases), 2,494 men (604 killed) and 754 children including 131 killed in mine blasts." According to "Gazeta" more people suffer from mines in Chechnya than in Afghanistan.

ee also

*First Chechen War
*Second Chechen War
*Land mine situation in Nagorno Karabakh


External links

* [ Update: The Landmine Situation in Chechnya] Journal of Mine Action (2002)
* [ Landmine Monitor: Chechnya] Landmine Monitor (2004)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Land mine situation in Nagorno Karabakh — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Landmines in Nagorno Karabakh caption= HALO deminers clearing anti tank mines date=1991–1994 place=Nagorno Karabakh, Armenia, and Azerbaijan result=Thousands of mines laid by both sides. Till present mines still …   Wikipedia

  • Anti-personnel mine — [ Valmara 69 bounding type Anti personnel mine.] Anti personnel mines are a form of mines designed for use against humans as opposed to anti tank mines, which are designed for use against vehicles.This type is designed to injure (as opposed to… …   Wikipedia

  • Military Affairs — ▪ 2009 Introduction        Russia and Georgia fought a short, intense war in 2008, fueling global fears of a new Cold War. On August 7 Georgia launched an aerial bombardment and ground attacks against its breakaway province of South Ossetia.… …   Universalium

  • Second Chechen War — Infobox War caption=Russian artillery shells separatist positions near the village of Duba Yurt, January 2000. conflict=Second Chechen War date= *Active battle phase: August 1999 May 2000 *Insurgency: May 2000 end of 2004 *Localised sporadic… …   Wikipedia

  • Dates of 2006 — ▪ 2007 January Keeping America competitive requires affordable energy. And here we have a serious problem. America is addicted to oil, which is often imported from unstable parts of the world. U.S. Pres. George W. Bush, in his state of the union… …   Universalium

  • Social Protection — ▪ 2006 Introduction With medical costs skyrocketing and government programs scaled back, citizens bore more responsibility for their health care costs; irregular migration, human trafficking, and migrant smuggling posed challenges for… …   Universalium

  • Shamil Basayev — Abdallah Shamil Abu Idris Al Bassi Shamil Basayev during the First Chechen War, December 1995. Nickname Abdallah Sha …   Wikipedia

  • Dates of 2004 — ▪ 2005 January It turns out we were all wrong, probably, in my judgment. David Kay, former U.S. chief weapons inspector in Iraq, in testimony to the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee, January 28 January 1              Haitian Pres. Jean… …   Universalium

  • Dates of 2005 — ▪ 2006 January This is a unique case of a people under occupation being asked to hold free and fair elections when they themselves are not free.… It s an important internal test, and I think it s a turning point. Palestinian legislator Hanan… …   Universalium

  • Nobel Prizes — ▪ 2009 Introduction Prize for Peace       The 2008 Nobel Prize for Peace was awarded to Martti Ahtisaari, former president (1994–2000) of Finland, for his work over more than 30 years in settling international disputes, many involving ethnic,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”