- Catholic Party (Belgium)
The first Catholic Party in
Belgiumwas established in 1884 as the "Confessional Catholic Party" ( _nl. Confessionele Katholieke Partij).
In 1852 a "Union Constitutionelle et Conservatrice" was founded in
Ghent, in Leuven(1854), and in Antwerpand Brusselsin 1858, which were only active during elections. On 11 July 1864the Federation of Catholic Circles and Conservative Associations was created ( _fr. Fédération des Cercles catholiques et des Associations conservatrices; _nl. Verbond van Katholieke Kringen en der Conservatieve Verenigingen).
The other group which contributed to the party were the "Catholic Cercles", of which the eldest had been founded in
Bruges. The Roman Catholic conferences in Mechelenin 1863, 1864 and 1867 brought together Ultramontanesor "Confessionals" and the Liberal-Catholics or "Constitutionals". At the Congress of 1867, it was decided to create the "League of Catholic Cercles", which was founded on 22 October 1868. The Catholic Party, under the leadership of Charles Woeste, gained an absolute majority in the Belgian Chamber of Representativesin 1884 from the Liberal Party in the wake of the "Schoolstrijd". The Catholic Party retained its absolute majority until 1918. In 1921, the party became the "Catholic Union", and from 1936 the "Catholic Block".
At the end of
World War II, on 18–19 August 1945 the party was succeeded by the PSC-CVP.
Auguste Beernaert, Nobel Peace Prizein 1909.
Jules de Burlet
Paul de Smet de Naeyer
Jules de Trooz
Charles de Broqueville
Politics of Belgium
Graves de Communi Re
* Th. Luykx and M. Platel, "Politieke geschiedenis van België", 2 vol., Kluwer, 1985
* E. Witte, J. Craeybeckx en A. Meynen, "Politieke geschiedenis van België", Standaard, 1997
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