William Montagu Manning

William Montagu Manning

Sir William Montagu Manning KCMG LLD (20 June 181127 February 1895) was an English-born Australian politician, judge and University of Sydney chancellor.

Early life

Manning was the second son of John Edye Manning, of Clifton, England, and was born at Alphington, near Exeter, Devon. He was educated at private schools and University College, London, and was entered at Lincoln's Inn in November 1827. He was called to the bar in November 1832 and practised as a barrister on the Western Circuit for about five years. During this period, in collaboration with S. Neville, he prepared and published "Reports of Cases Relating to the Duty and Offices of Magistrates" (3 volumes, 1834-8), and was the author of "Proceedings in Courts of Revision in the Isle of Wight, etc." (1836). Also in 1836 he married Emily Anne, "née" Wise, in Paris.

Career in Australia

In 1837 he and Emily went to Australia on the "City of Edinburgh" joining his new wife's brother, Edward Wise. Soon after his arrival in Sydney on 31 August 1837 was made a chairman of quarter sessions with a salary of £800. He took up his duties at Bathurst, New South Wales in October. In 1842 he was offered the position of resident judge at Port Phillip District, and in September 1844 became solicitor-general of New South Wales. In January 1848 he was appointed acting-judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales during the absence of Mr Justice Therry. He resumed the solicitor-generalship at the end of 1849, and held this position until responsible government was established in 1856, when he retired with a pension of £800 a year. He had been a nominated member of the New South Wales Legislative Council since February 1851, and assisted in the preparation of William Wentworth's constitution bill.

Manning was elected a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in the first parliament, and was attorney-general in the Stuart Donaldson ministry from 6 June to 25 August 1856. He was given the same position in the Henry Parker ministry in October 1856, but resigned in the following May on account of ill-health, and went to England. On his return he was offered a judgeship of the supreme court but declined it. He re-entered parliament and on 21 February 1860 joined the William Forster ministry as attorney-general, but the ministry resigned about a fortnight later. He was again attorney-general in the John Robertson and Charles Cowper ministries from October 1868 to December 1870. In February 1875, though he was then a member of the upper house he was asked to form a ministry, but was unable to obtain sufficient support. He was appointed a Supreme court judge in 1876, and was primary judge in equity until his resignation in 1887. He voluntarily gave up his pension when he became a judge. In 1887 he was again nominated to the legislative council, and gave useful service there until near the end of his life.

University of Sydney

Manning had been elected a fellow of the senate of the University of Sydney in 1861, became chancellor in 1878 and held this position until his death on 27 February 1895 in Sydney.

Before Manning came into office the university had been languishing for some time, there were fewer than a hundred students in 1877, but during his chancellorship there was much expansion in the scope of the university and several new chairs were founded. He fought for and succeeded in getting increased grants from the government, urged the necessity of more grammar schools being established, and the provision of university scholarships. He pleaded that women should have the same opportunities as men at the university and this was granted in 1881. He carried out his duties with sagacity and devotedness; one example of this was his saving the university £15,000 by his discovery that the British taxation commissioners were charging succession duty on the John Henry Challis estate on too high a scale. Few men in New South Wales had such a long career of usefulness.

His portrait by Sir John Watson Gordon, paid for by public subscription is in the great hall at Sydney university. He was knighted in 1858 and created K.C.M.G. in 1892. He was married twice, (1) to Emily Anne, daughter of E. Wise, and (2) to Eliza Anne, daughter of the Very Rev. William Sowerby. He was survived by a son and daughter from his first marriage; and his second wife and their son and three daughters. A daughter, Emily Matilda Manning (1845–1890), was a noted writer.

References

*Dictionary of Australian Biography|First=William Montagu|Last=Manning|Link=http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogMa-Mo.html#manning2
*Martha Rutledge, ' [http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A050237b.htm Manning, Sir William Montagu (1811 - 1895)] ', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, MUP, 1974, pp 207-209.


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