Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills

Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills

The Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills (ABLLS, often pronounced "ables") is an educationaltool used frequently with Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) to measure the basiclinguistic and functional skills of an individual with developmental delays ordisabilities.


The ABLLS was developed based on principles from B. F. Skinner's book Verbal Behavior.Verbal behavior states that language can be treated as a behavior like any other. Therefore,this behavior can be broken down into smaller and smaller components, which can be used to track deficits and strengths in a child's language or social abilities.

The ABLLS was originally developed by Mark L. Sundberg, Ph.D., BCBA and published as the 1990 book "Teaching verbal behavior to the developmentally disabled". The book was rewritten with the help of James W. Partington, Ph.D., BCBA and published as the 1998 ABLLS. The new, ABLLS-R (revised), was updated by Dr. Partington alone. The ABLLS is published by Behavior Analysts, Inc.

The ABLLS assessment is designed to cover the typical skill-set of an early elementarystudent (5-7 years old).Fact|date=March 2007


While the ABLLS is most commonly used on children with developmental disabilities anddelays (including Autism), it can be used for anyone who may be lacking in basiccommunication or life-skills.

It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of an individual in each of the 25 skill sets.Each skill set is broken down into multiple skills, ordered by typical development orcomplexity. So, a skill of F1 (Requests by indicating) is a simpler skill thanF12 (Requesting Help). "Usually", lower level skills are needed before proceeding toteach higher skills. However, many individuals display "splinter skills" that areabove their practical level.

The ABLLS is conducted via observation of the child's behavior in each skill area. Theinstructor will provide a stimulus to the child (Verbal, hand-over-hand, non-verbal, etc),and depending on what the child does (the behavior) determines their skill-level. Someskills are difficult or time-consuming to test; instructors frequently accept anecdotalevidence from parents and other instructors as to a child's ability at a given skill level.


The ABLLS are split into 25 different functional areas, each corresponding to a letterin the alphabet. The letter 'O' is unused at this time. The sections between the ABLLS and ABLLS-R areextremely similar. It is mostly the specific skills that vary in number and scope.

Advantages & Disadvantages

The following is a very brief list of advantages and disadvantages to using the ABLLS assessment. [Valentino, Amber, M.A. & Flake, Lisa, BCABA (2007).ABA/VB 6 Session Training Series.]


* Provides a visual representation of skills.
* Can be conducted by most people with a minimal understanding of ABA.
* Addresses basic language, academic, self-help, classroom, and gross and finemotor skill sets.


* Skill lists are not exhaustive
* Skills are mostly in order of childhood development, but every child learns differently.
* No age normalization is provided.
* Not a standardized assessment (it is still subjective to the assesor's interpretation or ability to elicit behaviors).


Further reading


ee also

*Educational psychology
*Autism therapies
*Verbal Behavior (book)
*Applied Behavior Analysis

External links

* [ Behavior Analysts, Inc.] - The company that designed and publishes the ABLLS

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Skills for life — “Skills for Life” Skills for Life is the national strategy in England for improving adult literacy, language (ESOL) and numeracy skills. The strategy was launched by the Prime Minister in March 2001.The Skills for Life strategy sets out how the… …   Wikipedia

  • Language education — Language Teaching redirects here. For the journal, see Language Teaching (journal). Linguistics …   Wikipedia

  • Learning disability — In the United States and Canada, the term learning disability (LD) refers to a group of disorders that affect a broad range of academic and functional skills including the ability to speak, listen, read, write, spell, reason and organize… …   Wikipedia

  • Learning to read — Part of a series on Reading …   Wikipedia

  • Language teaching methods — Main article: Language education Language education may take place as a general school subject or in a specialized language school. There are many methods of teaching languages. Some have fallen into relative obscurity and others are widely used; …   Wikipedia

  • Learning management system — A Learning Management System. (LMS) is software for delivering, tracking and managing training. LMSs range from simple systems for managing training records to software for distributing courses over the Internet and offering features for online… …   Wikipedia

  • Professional practice of behavior analysis — The professional practice of behavior analysis is the fourth domain of behavior analysis. The other three are behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior, and applied behavior analysis. [Cooper, et al. p. 20] The professional practice of… …   Wikipedia

  • Augmentative and alternative communication — An AAC user indicates a series of numbers on an eye gaze communication board in order to convey a word. Augmentative an …   Wikipedia

  • Speech-Language Pathology in School Settings — Speech language pathology is a fast growing profession that, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, offers about 96,000 jobs in the United States alone. It relates to many educational disciplines such as communication sciences, linguistics …   Wikipedia

  • Angewandte Verhaltensanalyse — Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) ist eine moderne Therapieform zur Behandlung von autistischen Störungen, die auf einem behavioristisch geprägten verhaltensanalytischen Ansatz basiert. Sie wird vorzugsweise zu einem möglichst frühen Zeitpunkt bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”