Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Panipat
latd = 29.39
longd = 76.97
state_name = Haryana
district = Panipat
altitude = 219
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 261,665
area_telephone = 0180
postal_code = 132103
vehicle_code_range = HR 06
Panipat audio|Hi-panipat.ogg|pronunciation (
Hindi: पानीपत) is an ancient and historic city in Panipat District, Haryanastate, India. It is 90 km from Delhion NH-1 and comes under the National Capital Territory of Delhi. Three battles fought at the city were turning points in Indian history.
Panipat was one of the five cities (prasthas) founded by the
Pandavabrothers during the times of the Mahabharata; its historic name being Panduprastha. Panipat was the scene of three pivotal battles in Indian history.
First Battle of Panipatwas fought on 21 April 1526between Ibrahim Lodhi, Sultan of Delhi, and the Timurid warlord Zaheeruddin Babur. Babur's force of twelve thousand soldiers defeated Ibrahim's much larger force of over one lakh (one hundred thousand) soldiers. Babur founded the Mughal Empirein India.
Second Battle of Panipatwas fought on 5 November 1556between the Mughal general Bairam Khan Shaibani, regent for the young Emperor Akbar, and Hemu, courtier and general of Isa Khan Suri, Islam Shah Suri brother in law who murdered Islam Shah's young son and usurped the throne of Delhi won by Sher Shah Suri from the Mughal Emperor Humayun. Hemu was struck down by an arrow in the eye and his army fled. He was beheaded and the Mughal comeback in India was complete.
Third Battle of Panipatwas fought in 1761between the Afghanking Ahmad Shah Abdaliand the Marathasunder Sadashivrao Bhauof Pune. Ahmad Shah won decisively.
The famous Urdu shayar
Maulana Haliwas born in Panipat.
Panipat is located at coord|29.39|N|76.97|E| [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/10/Panipat.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Panipat] ] . It has an average elevation of 219
metres (718 feet).
Panipat is situated on Shershah Suri Marg (now known as G.T. road - N.H.1.), 90 KM from Delhi. The three sides of this Panipat touch other districts of Haryana - Karnal in the north, Jind in the west and Sonipat in the south. Panipat borders Uttar Pradesh across Yamuna in the east.
Panipat was the part of District Karnal until
October 31, 1989. It was separated from Karnal, along with another subdivison, Assandh Tehsil. When the District was re-formed on January 1, 1992, Assandh Tehsil was excluded.
As of 2001India census[GR|India] , Panipat had a population of 967,449. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Panipat has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 64%. In Panipat, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Panipat is a city of textiles and
carpets. It is the biggest centre for cheap blankets and carpets in India and has a handloom weavingindustry. The pickle "Pachranga International" is also well known. Panipat also has heavy industry, with a refinery of the Indian Oil Corporation, a National Thermal Power Corporationpower plant and a National Fertilizers Limitedplant.
Some salient features of industry in Panipat include:
:* Three major public sector projects: the Indian Oil Corporation
oil refinery, the National Fertilizers Limited plant and the thermal power station. :*Biggest centre in the country for producing shoddy(recycled) yarn, and a large consumer of rags for reprocessing. :*Biggest centre in the country for producing low priced blankets, a traditional supplier of barrack blankets to the armed forces. :*Biggest centre in the country engaged in export of cotton durries, made-ups, throws and mats. :*Samalkha, a small town near Panipat, is known for foundry work and supply of agricultural machinery to neighbouring Uttar Pradesh. :*Relatively high wages compared to the Indian national average - a worker earns Rs.100/- to 150/- per day on Handloom/ Powerloom. :*The town has infrastructure such as rail, road and inland container depots well suited to industry and export.
The main places of attraction are the grave of Ibrahim Lodhi,
Kabuli Bagh, Devi Mandir, Kala Amb, Salar Gunj Gate, and the tomb of the thirteenth century sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar.
'Kala Amb' is a memorial built in memory of the soldiers who died in the battlefield of Panipat. It is said that blood of the dead soldiers was mixed with the soil and the fruit of a mango tree became black in color and hence the name "Kala Amb," meaning "Black Mango."
Education institutions in Panipat
"* LNT Global School (ICSE)"
* St. Mary's Convent Sr. Sec. School*
*D.P.S Panipat City
* S.D. Vidya Mandir
* Dr.M.K.K Arya Model School
* M.A.S.D School
* Kendriya Vidyala
* D.P.S Refinary
* D.A.V PUBLIC SCHOOL...
* Kinder Kin High School
* Bal Vikas School
* Govt. School Red Light Chowk Panipat
* S D College
* I B College
* Arya College
* Govt.PG college, israna
Engineering colleges & Management Colleges
* LNT College of Education,G. T. Road, Machhrauli, Panipat.(www.lnteducation.com)
*Institute of Hotel Management, Catering & Nutrition, Panipat
* Lord Shiva College of Education, Gohana Road, Dahar, Panipat.
* SGM College of Education, Gohana Road, Dahar, Panipat.
* AVS College of Education, Gohana Road, Mehrana, Panipat.
* CPT College of Education, Gohana Road, Mehrana, Panipat.
* INC ( The Icfai National College), G.T.Road, Panipat,A Prime destination for MBA Education.
* APIIT SD INDIA
* N C College of Engineering, Israna [http://www.ncce.edu NCCE]
* Panipat Institute of Engineering & Technology, Samalkha [http://www.piet.co.in PIET]
* S.D. Institute of Technology and Management, Israna [http://www.sditm.org/ SDIT]
* Tally Academy, E-39, Industrial Area, opp. Fire Brigade, Near Hali Park, Panipat. Ph. Nos. 0180-4013100,4013200.
* [http://www.panipatrefinery.net/ Panipat Refinery ]
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