- Ulrika Pasch
Ulrika Fredrica Pasch , called "Ulla Pasch" (1735–1796), was a Swedish painter, one of few female artists known in
Scandinaviabefore the 19th century. She was also a miniaturist.
She was born in an artistic family, daughter of the painter
Lorenz Pash the Older, and sister of the future painter Lorenz Pasch the Younger. Her uncle Johan Paschwas also a painter.
In the 1750s, when her brother was studying abroad, her father's career declined severely, and Ulrika was forced to become a housekeeper in the home of her maternal aunt's widower. Her uncle however allowed her to spend a lot of time developing her artistic talent, and from 1756, she had become a professional portrait painter and was able to support her father and sister in this way; after her fathers death, she lived with her sister and set up her own studio.
When her brother returned to
Swedenin 1766, she had been an artist for ten years and her clientele had moved from the middle class to the upper classes and the aristocracy.Ulrika Pasch and her brother then worked together as professional artists, shared their studio and guided each other in their work; their collaboration was one of mutual respect and harmony, and she is knon to have helped him painting the textiles and costumes, a work he found tiring.
Ulrika Pasch was as a person humble, and never considered her work to be much more than a way of supporting herself, but she continued to work until her death and she obtained great success; from the late 1760s, she was often employed by the court, painting portraits of the members of the royal family, and in 1773, she was elected to the
Royal Swedish Academy of Artstogether with her brother, although she never received a pension from the crown despite repeated appeals.
Ulrika Pasch is the most successful female artist in Sweden and perhaps also the rest of Scandinavia (counting the artist who was actually working in these countries) before the 19th century, and she is also, together with
Margareta Capsia(1682-1759) Helena Arnelland Johanna Marie Fosie, one of very few professional female artists in Scandinavia before the 19th century.
Her work was for many years after her death neglected, as she was seen as merely a supplement to her brother, and her paintings have been regarded as good and skillful but common and banal, but lately,when she has been rediscovered, as the interest for female artists and their work has been revalued.
Anna Maria Thelott
External link and sources
* [http://www.fng.fi/fng/html4/se/siff/guide/painting/cont/chap19/sect0/page48.htm Short biography in Swedish]
* [http://members.tripod.com/minata/bps_9_dec.html Biography with image]
* [http://www.artnet.com/artist/592226/ulrika-ulla-frederika-pasch.html Sample of paintings]
* [http://kokoelmat.fng.fi/wandora/w?lang=fi&action=gen&si=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.muusa.net%2Fnimi%2FPasch__Ulrica_Fredrica Paintings in Finnish National Gallery]
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