Rudolf Viest

Rudolf Viest

Rudolf Viest (* 24 September 1890, Revúca, † 1945, Flossenburg, Germany), was Slovak division general, commander of the partisan army during the Slovak National Uprising and the only Slovak general during the interwar period in the first Czechoslovak republic.

In the years 1920-1939 he was commissioned officer, at the diplomatic and commanding services. In 1933 he was promoted to the position of brigadier general and in 1938 to division general.

In 1939, he was serviceman in the Slovak army, belonging to the group of anti-Fascist officers, and was against the break-up of Czechoslovakia into Slovakia and the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. He was keeping contact with the Czechoslovak government-in-exile in London. He emigrated into France via Hungary, where he became a member of Czechoslovak national committee in Paris and commander of the exile Czechoslovak army. Since 1 January 1940 commander of the 1st Czechoslovak division in France. After the Nazi occupation of France in June 1940, he moved to Britain and became a minister of Czechoslovak government-in-exile.

On August 1944, he flew with the Czechoslovak delegation to the Soviet Union and from there to Banská Bystrica on October 1944 to help the partisans fighting during the Slovak National Uprising, where with Ján Golian became the commander of the 1st Czechoslovak Army in Slovakia.

The Czechoslovak government-in-exile tried to gain influence in the army and the Slovak national uprising through Viest, but the situation for the partisan troops was worsening, with Viest issuing final order during the night from 27 to 28 October in Donovaly: „"Boj za slobodu Česko-Slovenska sa nekončí, bude pokračovať v horách"“ (Struggle for the freedom of Czechoslovakia doesn't end, it will continue in the mountains). On 3 November 1944, he was captured with Golian in Pohronský Bukovec, taken to Berlin in Germany, sentenced to death, and executed in the Flossenbürg concentration camp in 1945.

After his death, he was honoured in memoriam with the Order of Slovak national uprising 1st class (1945), Czechoslovak military cross (1945), as well with many other Czechoslovak or foreign medals. In 1945, he was promoted in memoriam to the position of army general.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rudolf Viest — Porträt aus dem Fotostudio Langhans Rudolf Viest (* 24. September 1890 in Revúca, Slowakei (damals Österreich Ungarn); † 1945 im KZ Flossenbürg) war ein tschechoslowakischer Divisions General slowakischer Volkszugehörigkeit. Er war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Slovak National Uprising — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Slovak National Uprising partof=World War II campaign= caption=Convoy of Slovak army vehicles near Kelemeš (today part of Prešov) date=August 29, 1944 – October 28, 1944 place=Slovakia casus=Nazi influence in… …   Wikipedia

  • Insurrección nacional eslovaca — Parte de Segunda Guerra Mundial [[Archivo: |300px]] Convoy de vehículos del ejército eslovaco cerca de Kelemeš (hoy parte de Prešov) …   Wikipedia Español

  • List of World War II topics (R) — # R planes # R Adams Cowley # R boat # R. Burnett Miller # R. D. Oliver # R. F. Patrick Cronin # R. G. Waldeck # R. Harmon Drew, Sr. # R. Horne # R. Norris Williams # R4M rocket # Raab Katzenstein RK 26 # RAAF Station Bairnsdale # Rab battalion # …   Wikipedia

  • Ján Golian — General Ján Golian (January 26 1906, Dombóvár, Hungary ndash; 1945, Flossenburg, Germany) was a Slovak Brigadier General who became famous as one of the main organizers and the Commander in Chief of the insurrectionist Slovak Army during the… …   Wikipedia

  • Regierung Jan Šrámek II. — Die Regierung Jan Šrámek II. war die zweite Regierung der tschechoslowakischen Exilregierung während der Besetzung der Tschechoslowakei im Zweiten Weltkrieg in London, die vom Präsident Edvard Beneš ernannt und vom 21. Juli 1940 bis 5. April 1945 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of Slovaks — This is a list of notable people who either: * are or were citizens of Slovakia or Czechoslovakia, * are or were of Slovak identity or ancestry.PoliticsPoliticians (contemporary)*Robert Fico (1964) fourth prime minister of modern Slovakia… …   Wikipedia

  • Ján Golian — Ján Golian, Pseudonyme Ley, Gama (* 26. Januar 1906 in Dombóvár, Ungarn; † 1945 im KZ Flossenbürg), war ein slowakischer Brigadegeneral. Er war einer der Hauptorganisatoren und zeitweiliger Oberbefehlshaber der slowakischen Streitkräfte während… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Milan Rastislav Stefanik Order — Country Czech and Slovak Federal Republic Awarded for to recognize eminent contributions to the defence and security of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic [1] …   Wikipedia

  • Jozef Tiso — (1936) Jozef Tiso (* 13. Oktober 1887 in Nagybiccse, Österreich Ungarn; † 18. April 1947 in Bratislava, Tschechoslowakei) war ein katholischer Priester und tschechoslowakischer beziehungsweise slowakischer Politiker. Ab 1925 war er Abgeordneter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”