Boggle is a
word gamedesigned by Allan Turoffand trademarked by Parker Brothersand Hasbro. The game is played using a grid of lettered dice, in which players attempt to find words in sequences of adjacent letters.
The game begins by shaking a covered tray of sixteen cubic
dice. Each die has a different letter printed on each of its sides. The dice settle into a four by four tray so that only the top letter of each cube is visible. After they have settled into the grid, a three-minute timer is started and all players simultaneously begin the main phase of play.
Each player searches for
words that can be constructed from the letters of sequentially adjacent cubes, where "adjacent" cubes are those horizontally, vertically or diagonally neighboring. Words must be at least three letters long, may include singular and plural (or other derived forms) separately, but may not use the same letter cube more than once per word. Each player records all the words he or she finds by writing on a private sheet of paper. After three minutes have elapsed, all players must stop writing and the game enters the scoring phase.
In the scoring phase, each player reads off his or her list of discovered words. If two or more players wrote the same word, it is removed from all players' lists. Any player may challenge the validity of a word, in which case a previously nominated
dictionaryis used to verify or refute it. For all words remaining after duplicates have been eliminated, points are awarded based on the length of the word. The winner is the player whose point total is highest, with any ties typically broken by count of long words.
One cube is printed with "Qu". This is because "Q" is virtually always followed by "U" in English words (see exceptions), and if there were a "Q" in Boggle, it would be unusable if a "U" did not, by chance, appear next to it. For the purposes of scoring "Qu" counts as two letters: "squid" would score two points (for a five-letter word) despite being formed from a chain of only four cubes.
The North American
National Scrabble Associationpublishes the " Official Scrabble Players Dictionary" (OSPD), which is also suitable for Boggle. This dictionary includes all variant forms of words up to eight letters in length. A puzzle book entitled "100 Boggle Puzzles (Improve Your Game)" offering 100 game positions was published in the UK in 2003 but is no longer in print.
Different versions of Boggle have varying distributions of letters. For example, a more modern version (with a blue box) in the UK has easier letters, such as only one "K", but an older version (with a yellow box, from 1986) has two "K"s and a generally more awkward letter distribution.
Using the sixteen cubes in a standard Boggle set, the list of longest words that can be formed includes "Inconsequentially", "Quadricentennials", and "Sesquicentennials", all seventeen letter words made possible by "Q" and "U" appearing on the same face of one cube. [ [http://people.virginia.edu/~mje6t/boggle/longest.html The Longest Word In Boggle(TM) ] ]
Boggle game variants
Numerous computer versions and variants of the game are available for play on the web and for download. Additionally, Parker Brothers has introduced several licensed variations on the game.
As of 2006, only Boggle Junior and Travel Boggle (also marketed as Boggle Folio), continue to be manufactured and marketed in North America alongside the standard Boggle game. Boggle Junior is a much simplified version intended for young children. Boggle Travel is a car-friendly version of the standard 4×4 set. The compact, zippered case includes pencils and small pads of paper, as well as an electronic timer, and notably, a cover made from a soft plastic that produces much less noise when the board is shaken.
Big Boggle, later marketed as Boggle Master and Boggle Deluxe, featured a 5×5 tray, and disallowed 3-letter words. Some editions of the Big Boggle set included an adapter which could convert the larger grid into a standard 4×4 Boggle grid. In the
United Kingdom, Hasbro UK currently markets Super Boggle, which features both the 4x4 and 5x5 grid and an electronic timer which flashes to indicate the start and finish. [ [http://www.hasbro.co.uk/product.asp?catalog%5Fname=Hasbro&category%5Fname=&product%5Fid=418101020 Hasbro catalog] ] Despite the game's popularity in North America, no version of Boggle offering a 5x5 grid is currently marketed outside Europe.
Other obsolete Boggle variants include:
* A version of the standard 4×4 set that included a special red "Boggle challenge cube", featuring six relatively uncommon letters. Bonus points are awarded for all words making use of the red cube.
* Boggle CDROM, a version for Windows, produced and marketed by Hasbro Interactive, including both 4X4 and 5X5 versions, several 3-D versions, and facilities allowing up to four players to compete directly over the Internet.
* Body Boggle, which is more akin to Twister than it is to standard Boggle. Two players work together as a team, using their hands and feet to spell words on a large floor mat containing pre-printed Boggle letters.
* Boggle Bowl, which is somewhat similar to Scrabble in that players must form words by placing letter tiles onto a (bowl-shaped) playing area.
* Boggle was once an interactive TV game show hosted by game show veteran
Wink Martindale, that aired on The Family Channel(now ABC Family) replacing the interactive version of Trivial Pursuit.
* Coggle, which functions in a similar manner to Boggle but involves creating a word to fit a particular theme. Was mainly aimed at the French and Canadian market.
Philippines, a similar game which was first distributed in 1978 and is still in circulation up to the present is the game "Word Factory." The game was first patented in the Philippines, and is currently being manufactured and distributed to selected retailers by the Philippines-based game manufacturer, 13 P.M. Enterprises. Word Factory was a variation on the version of Boggle as it existed in 1978: using a 5x5 grid instead of a 4x4 one, and using plastic dice instead of wooden ones. At present, the game is being marketed to other countries, targeting mostly migrant Filipino families.
Club and tournament play
While not as widely institutionally established as
Scrabble, several clubs have been established for the purpose of organizing Boggle play. Official Boggle clubs exist at a number of educational institutions, including the Dartmouth Union of Bogglers at Dartmouth College[ [http://www.dartmouth.edu/~sao/coso/orgs.html Dartmouth College Student Union site] ] , the Western Oregon UniversityBoggle Club [ [http://www.wou.edu/~mbuche/the_boggle_club Western Oregon University Student Union site] ] , the University of MichiganBoggle Club [ [http://uuis.umich.edu/maizepgs/view.cfm?orgID=10004729 University of Michican Student Union site] ] , University of DelawareBoggle Club [ [http://www.udel.edu/RSO/alpha.html University of Delaware Student Union site] ] , Berkeley Boggle Club at the University of California, Berkeley, [ [http://www.uga.berkeley.edu/osl/osl.asp University of California Student Union site] ] and Grinnell CollegeBoggle Club [ [http://www.grinnell.edu/student/groups/ Grinnell Student Union site] ] .
Unlike Scrabble, there is no national or international governing or rule-making body for Boggle competition and no official tournament regulations exist.
Boggle (game show)
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