Dersim rebellion

Dersim rebellion

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Dersim Rebellion


caption=
date=March 1937 - November 1937, April 1938 - December 1938
place=Tunceli Province
result=Rebel leaders were captured.
combatant1=Republic of Turkey
combatant2=Seyid Riza
commander1=
commander2=
strength1=
strength2=
casualties1=
casualties2=|

Dersim Rebellion is the rebellion lead by Seyid Riza of Kizilbash Zaza elites, who was chief of the Abbasuşağı tribe against Turkey led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

Background

During the Ottoman period, the authorities had been unable to make the Dersimlis pay taxes or recognise any authority other than their own. This situation continued in the early years of the Turkish Republic founded by Atatürk. In an Interior Ministry report in 1926, it was considered necessary to use force against Dersimlis. [Beşikçi, I. (1991) Tunceli Kanunu (1935) ve Dersim Jenosidi, Bonn, Weşanên Rewşen, p.29] On November 1st, 1936, during a speech in parliament Atatürk acknowledged "Dersim" as Turkey's most important internal problem. [Hasretyan, M. A. (1995) Türkiye'de Kürt Sorunu (1918-1940), Berlin, Wêşanên, ënstîtuya Kurdî: I.,p.262]

The 1937-38 Dersim uprising can be seen as actually two separate uprisings, separated by a particularly hard winter. The first war went from late March 1937 to November 1937, while the second war began in April 1938 and lasted until December 1938. The Dersim rebellion was led by the local traditional Kizilbash elites, at the head of whom stood "Seyt Riza", chief of the Abbasushagi tribe. Local intellectual cadres also played a role in the rising's leadership, according to one source.Fact|date=July 2008

Kurdish Grievances

A letter sent by Dersim's tribal chiefs to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations in November 1937 details what it claimed were measures taken by Turkish authorities to: deprive Kurdish children even of a basic education in Turkish language schools; to prevent Kurds becoming officers in the Turkish army or becoming employed in civil posts in the Kurdish region; to eliminate all references to Kurd or Kurdistan from scientific works; to force Kurds into slave labour in construction projects; to deport and disperse another part of the Kurds; to uproot young Kurdish women and girls from their families and place them in illegal concubinage and, finally, to Turkify a part of the Kurdish nation and to exterminate the other part, through different means. [Dersimi, M. Nuri (1988) Dersim Tarihi, Komkar Yayinlari, Köln. pp.299-303] [cite book |isbn=0812216164 |chapterurl=http://www.let.uu.nl/~Martin.vanBruinessen/personal/publications/Dersim_rebellion.pdf |title=Genocide: Conceptual and Historical Dimensions of Genocide |chapter=Genocide in Kurdistan? The suppression of the Dersim rebellion in Turkey (1937-38) and the chemical war against the Iraqi Kurds (1988) |first=Martin |last=van Bruinessen |authorlink=Martin van Bruinessen |editor=George J. Andreopoulos (ed.) |publisher= University of Pennsylvania Press |year=1994 |pages=pp. 141-170]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dersim Rebellion — of 1937/1938 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and Sabiha Gökçen (November 17, 1937, in front of the Pertek People s House) …   Wikipedia

  • Dersim Massacre — Dersim in 1937 Dersim Massacre[1] is a name given to the violent suppression during the Dersim Rebellion in the summer of 1937 and the spring of 1938 of the local population of Dersim, now called Tunceli Province (in Turkey). Tens of thousands of …   Wikipedia

  • Dersim-Aufstand — Provinz Dersim 1937 Der Dersim Aufstand war nach der Niederschlagung des Scheich Said Aufstands der letzte große Kurdenaufstand in der Türkei. Er ereignete sich 1937/38 in der Region, die in etwa der heutigen Provinz Tunceli entspricht, und wurde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ağrı rebellion — The leader of Kurdish guerrilla forces in this rebellion, General Ihsan Nuri Pasha, was from the famous Kurdish warrior tribe Celali.Fact|date=August 2008On June 11, 1930 armed responses to the rebellion were initiated by the Turkish military… …   Wikipedia

  • Kuchgiri Rebellion —    The Kuchgiri rebellion of the Alevi Kuchgiri Kurdish tribe in western Dersim in Turkey broke out in November 1920 while the Kemalists were desperately trying to head off Armenian attacks in the east and Greek attacks in the west. It was led by …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Koçkiri Rebellion — was a rebellion of Alevi (Kurdish dominant) uprising, of the 1920, in the overwhelmingly militant Kizilbash Dersim region, while waged by the Kizilbash Koçkiri tribe, was masterminded by members of an organisation known as the Kürt Taâlî Cemiyeti …   Wikipedia

  • Sheikh Said rebellion — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Sheikh Said Rebellion caption= date= place=Diyarbakır area result=Mosul province is assigned to British Mandate of Mesopotamia combatant1=Republic of Turkey combatant2=Sheikh Said Piran commander1=Mustafa Kemal… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdish rebellions — issues POV=December 2007 intromissing=August 2008 refimprove=August 2008According to Turkish military records, Kurdish rebellions have been taking place in Anatolia for over two centuries. [cite news|url=http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/article …   Wikipedia

  • Fevzi Çakmak — For other Fevzi Pasha, see Fevzi Pasha (disambiguation). Mustafa Fevzi Çakmak 1311 (1895) c P. 7 Mareşal Fevzi Çakmak (October 26, 1923)[1 …   Wikipedia

  • Mustafa Kemal Atatürk — Atatürk redirects here. For other uses, see Atatürk (disambiguation). Mustafa Kemal Atatürk …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”