A firebreak (also called a fireroad, fire line or fuel break) is a gap in vegetation or other combustible material that acts as a barrier to slow or stop the progress of a wildfire. A firebreak may occur naturally where there is a lack of vegetation or "fuel", such as a river, lake or canyon. Firebreaks may also be man-made, and many of these also serve as roads, such as a logging road, jeep trail, secondary road, or a highway.


Firebreak management could be a particularly effective, efficient and low-cost method of simultaneously addressing the issues of wildfire hazards, property damage, the impending energy crisis, global warming, changes to wildlife habitats, and lumber shortages.

In the construction of a firebreak, the primary goal is to remove deadwood and undergrowth coppice. Various methods may be used to accomplish this initially and to maintain this condition. Ideally, the firebreak will be constructed and maintained according to the established practices of sustainable forestry and fire protection engineering. The general goals are to maximize the effectiveness of the firebreak at slowing the spread of wildfire, and by using firebreaks of sufficient size and density to hopefully reduce the ultimate size of wildfires. Additional goals are to maintain the ecology of the forest and to reduce the impact of wildfires on air pollution and the global climate, and to balance the costs and benefits of the various projects.

These goals can be achieved through the use of appropriate operating practices, many of which can be potentially mutually beneficial to all. In many cases, it may be useful for firebreak upkeep to be used in concert with the harvesting of forestry products such as lumber and biomass fuel, since the objectives are fundamentally related, in that the basic goals are to remove material from the forest. Furthermore, if done properly, the value of these products can significantly offset the cost of maintaining the firebreak. In addition, these commercial industries and small businesses are helped by a reduction in the property damages caused by wildfires, and reduced risk of investment. The biomass material that is not suitable for dimensioned lumber, is suitable to make woodchips for the paper industry, and the energy industry.

Larger trees are sometimes left in place within some types of firebreaks, to shade the forest floor and reduce the rate of fuel accumulation, and to enhance the landscaping in recreational and inhabited locations.


Forested areas often contain vast networks of firebreaks. Some communities are also using firebreaks as part of their city planning strategy.


Depending on the environmental conditions, and the relative effectiveness of a given firebreak, firebreaks often have to be backed up with other firefighting efforts. Even then, it is still sometimes possible for fire to spread across a seemingly impenetrable divide. During the worst part of the fire season in southern California, strong Santa Ana winds will blow carpets of burning embers across eight-lane freeways. During the 1988 fires in Yellowstone National Park, hot embers managed to cross the Lewis Canyon, a natural canyon up to a mile wide and 600 feet (180 m) deep.


The world's most expensive firebreak was created when the whole street of Van Ness was dynamited to stop the spread of fire resulting from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Firefighting after an earthquake can be especially challenging, because an earthquake can cause water mains to rupture, resulting in a complete loss of water pressure.

Firebreaks, along with controlled burns, are also the source of the everyday phrase 'fight fire with fire'. See [ - Fight fire with fire] .

ee also

*Firewall (construction)

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • firebreak — n. a narrow field that has been cleared to check the spread of a prairie fire or forest fire. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • firebreak — ► NOUN ▪ an obstacle to the spread of fire, e.g. a strip of open space in a forest …   English terms dictionary

  • firebreak — [fīr′brāk΄] n. a strip of land cleared or plowed to stop the spread of fire, as in a forest or prairie …   English World dictionary

  • firebreak — UK [ˈfaɪə(r)ˌbreɪk] / US [ˈfaɪrˌbreɪk] noun [countable] Word forms firebreak : singular firebreak plural firebreaks a narrow area of land from which all the trees and bushes have been removed in order to prevent fires from spreading from one part …   English dictionary

  • firebreak — noun An area cleared of all flammable material to prevent a fire from spreading across it. The firefighters used a bulldozer to clear a firebreak in the forest to try to contain the forest fire …   Wiktionary

  • firebreak — [[t]fa͟ɪ͟ə(r)breɪk[/t]] firebreaks also fire break N COUNT A firebreak is an area of open land in a wood or forest that has been created to stop a fire from spreading …   English dictionary

  • firebreak — miško priešgaisrinė juosta statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Miško žemės ruožas, skirtas miško gaisrams lokalizuoti. Skiriami priešgaisriniai barjerai, priešgaisrinės linijos ir mineralizuotos juostos. atitikmenys: angl.… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • firebreak — noun Date: 1841 a barrier of cleared or plowed land intended to check a forest or grass fire …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • firebreak — /fuyeur brayk /, n. a strip of plowed or cleared land made to check the spread of a prairie or forest fire. [1890 95; FIRE + BREAK] * * * …   Universalium

  • firebreak — fire|break [ˈfaıəbreık US ˈfaır ] n a narrow piece of land where all the plants and trees have been removed, made to prevent fires from spreading …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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