Glauconite

Glauconite

Infobox mineral
name = Glauconite
category = Phyllosilicate mineral
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formula = (K,Na,Ca)1.2-2.0(Fe+3,Al,Fe+2,Mg)4 (Si7-7.6Al1-0.4O20)(OH)4·7nH20 [http://www.glossary.oilfield.slb.com/Display.cfm?Term=glauconite Schlumberge Oilfield glossary]
molweight =
color = Blue green, green, yellow green
habit = Platy micaceous or rounded pellets
system = Monoclinic - Prismatic 2/m
twinning =
cleavage = Perfect [001]
fracture =
mohs = 2
luster = Dull - earthy
refractive = nα = 1.590 - 1.612 nβ = 1.609 - 1.643 nγ = 1.610 - 1.644
opticalprop = Biaxial (-)
birefringence = δ = 0.020 - 0.032
pleochroism = X = yellow-green, green; Y = Z = deeper yellow,bluish green
streak = Light green
gravity = 2.4 - 2.95
density =
melt =
fusibility =
diagnostic =
solubility =
diaphaneity = Translucent to nearly opaque.
other =
references = [http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/glauconite.pdf Handbook of Mineralogy] [http://webmineral.com/data/Glauconite.shtml Webmineral] [http://www.mindat.org/min-1710.html Mindat]

Glauconite is a phyllosilicate (mica group) mineral.

It can also be referred to as an iron silicate. It crystallizes with monoclinic geometry. The name is derived from the Greek "glaucos" ("γλαυκος") meaning 'gleaming' or 'silvery', to describe the appearance of the blue-green color, presumably relating to the sheen and blue-green color of the sea's surface. Its color ranges from olive green, black green to bluish green. It is probably the result of the iron content of the mineral. In the Mohs scale it has hardness of 2. The relative specific gravity range is 2.4 - 2.95. It is normally found in dark green rounded nodules of sand size dimension. It can be confused with chlorite or with some clays.

Normally, glauconite is considered diagnostic of continental shelf marine depositional environments with slow rates of accumulation. Typically, it appears in Jurassic/lower Cretaceous deposits of greensand, so-called after the coloration provided by the glauconite. It can also be found in impure limestones and in chalk. It develops as a consequence of diagenetic alteration of sedimentary deposits, changes in the biotite micas, for example, being influenced by the decaying process of the organic matter in animal shells. Glauconite forms under reducing conditions in sediments and such deposits are commonly found in nearshore sandstones, open oceans and the Mediterranean Sea but not in the Black Sea or in fresh-water lakes. It oxidises on contact with air; the resulting deoxygenated air is a hazard to miners.

Glauconite has long been used in Europe as an artistic oil paint, especially in Russian "icon paintings". It is found as a pigment in wall paintings from Roman Gaul. [Eastaugh, N "Pigment Compendium: A Dictionary of Historical Pigments", page 169. Elsevier, 2004]

The wide distribution of these sandy deposits was first made known by naturalists on board H.M.S. Challenger, in the expedition of 1872-1876.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glauconite — Glauconite[1] Catégorie IX : silicates[2] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GLAUCONITE — Aluminosilicate ferromagnésien hydraté, de formule (K, Na)(Fe3+, Fe2+, Al, Mg)2 3[Si3 (Si,AL)10](OH)2,4 H2O, la glauconite se cristallise dans le système monoclinique; elle est rarement observée en petits cristaux hexagonaux, mais plutôt en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Glauconite — Glau co*nite, n. [Cf. F. glauconite, glauconie, fr. L. glaucus. See {Glaucous}.] (Min.) The green mineral characteristic of the greensand of the chalk and other formations. It is a hydrous silicate of iron and potash. See {Greensand}. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • glauconite — [glô′kə nīt΄] n. [Ger glaukonit < Gr glaukon, neut. of glaukos: see GLAUCO ] a greenish silicate of iron and potassium, a kind of mica found in greensand …   English World dictionary

  • glauconite — glauconitic /glaw keuh nit ik/, adj. /glaw keuh nuyt /, n. a greenish micaceous mineral consisting essentially of a hydrous silicate of potassium, aluminum, and iron and occurring in greensand, clays, etc. [1830 40; < Gk glaukón, neut. of glaukós …   Universalium

  • glauconite — glauconie ou glauconite (glô ko nie ou glô ko ni t ) s. f. Terme de minéralogie. Variété de craie …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • glauconite — glaukonitas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Hidrožėručių grupės mineralas. formulė Formulę žr. priede. priedas( ai) Grafinis formatas atitikmenys: angl. glauconite rus. глауконит …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • glauconite pellets —    Silt to sand sized, nodular aggregates with a characteristic greenish color, dominantly composed of the clay mineral glauconite; formed in near shore marine sediments and subsequently exposed by a drop in sea level or rise of a land mass, as… …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • glauconite — noun Etymology: German Glaukonit, irregular from Greek glaukos Date: 1836 a mineral consisting of a dull green earthy iron potassium silicate occurring in greensand • glauconitic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • glauconite — noun A greenish form of mica found in greensand …   Wiktionary

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