Endodontics, from the Greek "endo" (inside) and "odons" (tooth), is a specialist sub-field of dentistry that deals with the tooth pulp and the tissues surrounding the root of a tooth. The pulp (containing nerves, arterioles and venules as well as lymphatic tissue and fibrous tissue) can become diseased or injured, and is often unable to repair itself; if it dies, endodontic treatment is required.

Endodontists are dentists who have specialized in this field; qualification as an endodontist typically requires an additional 2-3 years of training following dental school. Many endodontic residents do original research and earn a Master's degree as well as a speciality certificate. They specialize and limit their practice to root canal therapy and root canal surgery, and use their special training and experience in treating difficult cases that are referred to them by general dentists who opt not to perform these cases, such as teeth with narrow or blocked canals, or unusual anatomy. Endodontists may use advanced technology, such as operating microscopes, ultrasonics and digital imaging, to perform these special services, and usually have experience in successfully treating pain ridden patients. Patients requiring root canal therapy are either referred by their general dentists to the endodontist or are self referred; the most common procedure done in endodontics is root-canal therapy. It is important to note that most general dentists are trained to address a variety of patients' endodontic needs, and thus most root canals are performed by general dentists.

Other procedures practiced in endodontics include incision for drainage, internal tooth bleaching to fix teeth that have blackened because of infiltration of decayed soft tissue into the dentin in the teeth - most often seen in incisors that have been injured through a sudden impact, and periradicular surgery (apicoectomy); the more radical treatments generally are needed in cases of abscesses, root fractures, and problematic tooth anatomy, but may be indicated in treating teeth that have persistent root end pathosis following root canal treatment.

ee also

*Root canal
*Journal of Endodontics
*Oral surgery
*Dental dam
*American Association of Endodontists

External links

* [http://www.aae.org/ American Association of Endodontists]
* [http://www.aae.org/certboard/ American Board of Endodontics]
* [http://www.britishendodonticsociety.org.uk/ British Endodontic Society]
* [http://www.caendo.ca/ Canadian Academy of Endodontics]
* [http://www.e-s-e.org/ European Society of Endodontology]
* [http://www.ifeaendo.org/ International Federation of Endodontic Associations]

* [http://www.endodonticsjournal.com/ Journal of Endodontics Research (JofER)]
* [http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/iej International Endodontic Journal]
* [http://theendoblog.blogspot.com/ The Endo Blog]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • endodontics — n. 1. the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the dental pulp. Syn: endodontia. [WordNet 1.5] 2. the treatment of diseases of the dental pulp, especially by completely removing the pulp and nerve inside a tooth and its root, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • endodontics — ☆ endodontics [en΄dō dän′tiks ] n. [ END(O) + ODONT + ICS] the branch of dentistry that treats disorders of the pulp; root canal therapy: also endodontia [en΄dō dān′shə] endodontic adj. endodontist n …   English World dictionary

  • endodontics — endodontic, adj. /en doh don tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of dentistry dealing with the cause, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases of the dental pulp, usually by removal of the nerve and other tissue of the pulp cavity …   Universalium

  • endodontics — noun plural but singular in construction Etymology: end + odont + ics Date: 1946 a branch of dentistry concerned with diseases of the pulp • endodontic adjective • endodontically adverb • endodontist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • endodontics — noun The branch of dentistry dealing with the dental pulp and root See Also: endodontist, endodontic …   Wiktionary

  • endodontics — A field of dentistry concerned with the biology and pathology of the dental pulp and periapical tissues, and with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and injuries in these tissues. SYN: endodontia, endodontology. [endo + G. odou …   Medical dictionary

  • endodontics — n. branch of dentistry which treats diseases of the dental pulp …   English contemporary dictionary

  • endodontics — en·do·don·tics …   English syllables

  • endodontics — n. the study, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the pulp of teeth and their sequelae. A major part of treatment is root canal treatment …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • endodontics — en•do•don•tics [[t]ˌɛn doʊˈdɒn tɪks[/t]] also en•do•don•tia [[t] ˈdɒn ʃə, ʃi ə[/t]] en•do•don•tol•o•gy [[t]ˌɛn doʊ dɒnˈtɒl ə dʒi[/t]] n. (used with a sing. v.) den the branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of… …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”