Lyndon LaRouche U.S. Presidential campaigns

Lyndon LaRouche U.S. Presidential campaigns

Lyndon LaRouche's U.S. Presidential campaigns have been a staple of American politics since 1976. LaRouche has run for president on eight consecutive occasions, a record for any candidate, and has tied Harold Stassen's record as a perennial candidate.

1976 campaign

In 1971 LaRouche founded the U.S. Labor Party as a vehicle for electoral politics, maintaining that both the major parties had abandoned the American System economic policies that the LaRouche organization had embraced. In 1976 he ran for President of the United States as a U.S. Labor Party candidate, polling 40,043 votes (0.05%). According to LaRouche supporters, the major accomplishment of the campaign was the broadcast of a paid half-hour television address, which gave LaRouche the opportunity to air his views before a national audience. This was to become a regular feature of later campaigns during the 1980s and 1990s.

1980s campaigns

Since 1979, LaRouche and his supporters have also conducted some of their activities within framework of the Democratic Party (despite the strong objections of some Democratic Party officials and organizers who regard these activities as infiltration). ["Spannaus to run against Sen. Warner, again", Joe Borda, "Loudon County Times", APRIL 30 2002 [http://www.loudountimes.com/news/2002/apr/30/spannaus-to-run-against-sen-warner-again/] "Party insiders and political observers say that they believe the LaRouche organization is trying to use the Democratic Party to legitimize and restart its once-successful fund-raising operation. Former Democratic Party chair Rollie Winter confirmed that for much of the past decade county Democrats have fought to keep LaRouche and his followers from taking over the local Democratic Party. Mary Broz, communications director for the Democratic Party of Virginia, said there is no such thing as a LaRouche Democrat. "That just doesn't exist." Added Alan Moore, former director of the state Democratic Party, "Followers of Lyndon LaRouche are not Democrats."] In 1979, Larouche formed a Political Action Committee called the National Democratic Policy Committee (NDPC). LaRouche has run for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States seven times, beginning in 1980. His current Political Action Committee is called "LaRouche PAC."

The Democratic National Committee asserted that LaRouche is not a Democrat, but the U.S. electoral system made it impossible for the party to prevent LaRouche followers entering Democratic primaries. LaRouche himself polled negligible vote totals, but continued to promote himself as a serious political candidate, a claim which was sometimes accepted by elements of the media and some political figures. In 1999, however, a court ruled that the Democratic National Committee had the right to keep LaRouche from electing delegates to the Democratic National Convention, based on a party requirement that a Democratic nominee must be a registered voter. LaRouche, as a convicted felon, is not eligible to be a registered voter in the state of Virginia, where he lives. "(see United States v. LaRouche)"

In 1988 LaRouche and running mate Billy Davis received 25,082 votes, or 0.03% of the vote. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DEEDB103AF93AA15751C1A96E948260 "1988 VOTE: THE FINAL WORD"] December 29, 1988, "New York Times"]

1992 campaign

In 1992, LaRouche became the second person in U.S. history (after Eugene Debs) to run for President from a prison cellndash although Debs was generally considered a serious candidate and was in jail for his political beliefs (against World War I) rather than for fraud. LaRouche's supporters argue that he was, in fact, in jail for his political beliefs (see LaRouche conspiracy trials).Classical violinist Norbert Brainin performed a benefit concert on his behalf in Washington, D.C.; the "Washington Post" reviewer praised his musicianship while condemning his political message. LaRouche's running mate, who did the active campaigning, was the American Civil Rights Movement leader, Reverend James Bevel.

1996 campaign

Prior to the primaries the Chair of the Democratic National Party ruled that LaRouche "is not to be considered a qualified candidate for nomination of the Democratic Party for President". In subsequent primaries LaRouche received enough votes in Louisiana and Virginia to get one delegate from each state. When the state parties refused to award the delegates LaRouche sued in federal court, claiming a violation of the Voting Rights Act. After losing in the district court the case was appealed to the First District Court of Appeals, which sustained the lower court. [http://pacer.cadc.uscourts.gov/common/opinions/199808/96-7191a.txt]

2000 campaign

A routine FEC audit of the 2000 "LaRouche's Committee for a New Bretton Woods" campaign found that vendors whose sole client was Lyndon LaRouche had added unqualified "mark-up charges" to the bill submitted for matching funds. The vendors were American System Publications, Inc., Eastern States Distributors, Inc., EIR News Services, Inc., Hamilton Systems Distributors, Inc., Mid-West Circulation Corp., Southeast Literature Sales, Inc., and Southwest Literature Distributors, Inc. They had overbilled by $241,519 and the campaign was ordered to repay $222,034. The FEC decision was affirmed by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. [http://www.fec.gov/press/press2006/20060303litigation.html] [http://pacer.cadc.uscourts.gov/docs/common/opinions/200603/04-1311a.pdf]

LaRouche qualified to win six delegates in the Arkansas Democratic primary. [http://www.ballot-access.org/2000/0601.html] A minimum of 15% vote was required and LaRouche took 22%. However, the Democratic Party refused to grant him delegates because he was ineligible to vote.

2004 campaign

Again, LaRouche gained negligible electoral support. However, according to the Federal Election Commission statistics, LaRouche had more individual contributors to his 2004 Presidential Campaign than any other candidate, until the final quarter of the primary season, when John Kerry surpassed him. As of the April 15 filing, LaRouche had 7834 individual contributions, of those who have given cumulatively, $200 or more, as compared to 6257 for John Kerry, 5582 for John Edwards, 4090 for Howard Dean, and 2744 for Gephardt. [http://www.larouchepub.com/other/2003/3017_larouche_leads.html]

LaRouche was present in Boston during the 2004 Democratic National Convention but did not attend the convention itself. He held a media conference in which he declared his support for John Kerry and pledged to mobilize his organization to help defeat George W. Bush in the November presidential election. He also waged a campaign, begun in October 2002 [http://www.larouchepub.com/pr_lar/2002/020922_cheney_must_resign.html] , to have Dick Cheney dumped from the Republican ticket.

Campaign statistics

Campaign committees

*1976 - Committee to Elect Lyndon LaRouche (1976 Committee)
*1980 - Citizens For LaRouche
*1984 - Independent Democrats for LaRouche
*1988 - Democrats For National Economic Recovery - LaRouche in 88
*1992 - Democrats For Economic Recovery-LaRouche in 92
*1996 - The Committee to Reverse the Accelerating Global Economic and Strategic Crisis: A LaRouche Exploratory Committee [http://www.fec.gov/pages/larouche.htm]
*2000 - LaRouche's Committee for a New Bretton Woods [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_L.shtml#larouche_92_1_3]
*2004 - LaRouche in 2004Unknown years
*LaRouche Democratic Campaign
*Texas Democrats to Draft LaRouche
*LaRouche Campaign

FEC cases

*Committee to Elect Lyndon LaRouche v. FEC; FEC v. Committee to Elect Lyndon LaRouche; Jones v. FEC [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_L.shtml#larouche_79]
*Gelman v. FEC (80-1646) [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_G.shtml#gelman_80_1]
*Gelman v. FEC (80-2471) [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_G.shtml#gelman_80_2]
*Dolbeare v. FEC [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_D.shtml#dolbeare]
*FEC v. Citizens for LaRouche; [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_FEC_K.shtml#fec_cfl]
*FEC v. LaRouche [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_L.shtml#larouche_84]
*LaRouche v. State Board of Elections [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_L.shtml#larouche_85]
*Spannaus v. FEC (85-0404) [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_S.shtml#spannaus_85]
*Spannaus v. FEC (91-0681) [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_S.shtml#spannaus_91]
*LaRouche v. FEC (92-1100) [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_L.shtml#larouche_92_1]
*LaRouche v. FEC (92-1555) [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_L.shtml#larouche_92_2]
*FEC v. LaRouche(94-0658) [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_FEC_K.shtml#fec_larouche_94]
*LaRouche's Committee for a New Bretton Woods v. FEC [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_L.shtml#larouche_04] [http://www.fec.gov/press/press2006/20060303litigation.html]

FEC chronology 1979 - 1992

(Adapted from material at the FEC website. [http://www.fec.gov/info/appone.htm] )

*August 23 1979 - U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia upholds the Commission's action in denying primary matching fund payments to Lyndon LaRouche, a candidate of the U.S. Labor Party, during the 1976 Presidential primary campaign. (613 F.2d 834 (D.C. Cir. 1979), cert. denied, 444 U.S. 1074 (1980).)
*December 18 1979 - Lyndon LaRouche establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.
*February 19 1980 - U.S. Supreme Court denies a petition for certiorari in three cases brought by Lyndon LaRouche and Leroy Jones against the Commission. (444 U.S. 1074 (1980).)
*April 17 1980 - Commission terminates the primary matching fund eligibility of Lyndon LaRouche.
*May 28 1980 - Commission denies a request to re-establish matching fund eligibility for Lyndon LaRouche.
*July 22 1980 - U.S. District Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia affirms the Commission's determination that Lyndon LaRouche failed to re-establish matching fund eligibility. (Gelman v. FEC, 631 F.2d 939 (D.C. Cir.), cert. denied, 449 U.S. 876 (1980).)
*October 27 1980 - U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia rules that FEC must notify Citizens for LaRouche Committee of investigations involving contributors to 1980 LaRouche campaign. (Gelman v. FEC, Civil Action No. 80-2471.)
*April 15 1981 - Commission releases final audit report on Citizens for LaRouche (1980).
*March 11 1982 - District Court for the Southern District of New York grants preliminary injunction to plaintiffs in "Dolbeare v. FEC", in which plaintiffs challenged FEC investigations of the 1980 Presidential primary campaign of Lyndon LaRouche. (No. 81 Civ. 4468-CLB (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 9, 1982)(unpublished opinion).) The LaRouche campaign alleged that the FEC had launched investigations to harass the campaign, producing a "chilling effect on the free association rights of the campaign's contributors," and that the FEC had gone beyond the prescribed scope of its investigations. The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York barred the FEC from initiating any more investigations into the LaRouche campaign's 1980 Presidential primary activities until the pending enforcement actions were concluded, and auditing, or issuing depositions to, LaRouche campaign contributors unless the FEC simultaneously notified the LaRouche campaign of such actions. [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_D.shtml]
*January 26 1984 - Commission initially determines Democratic candidate Lyndon LaRouche ineligible for 1984 primary matching funds, based on violations involving his 1980 campaign. (See 4/12 below.)
*April 12 1984 - Lyndon LaRouche establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.
*July 7 1984 - Lyndon LaRouche becomes ineligible for matching funds.
*October 29 1985 - Commission releases audit report on 1984 Presidential primary campaign of Lyndon LaRouche.
*March 24 1988 - Lyndon H. LaRouche establishes eligibility to receive primary matching funds.
*May 23 1990 - FEC releases final audit report on LaRouche Democratic Campaign.
*October 3 1990 - LaRouche committee makes oral presentation contesting FEC audit report.
*December 19 1991 - Commission denies Lyndon LaRouche's eligibility to receive primary matching funds.
*February 27 1992 - FEC makes final determination denying matching funds to Lyndon LaRouche, for his 1992 Presidential campaign.
*March 3 1992 - Lyndon LaRouche and his campaign committee ask the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit to review the Commission's decision to deny the campaign matching funds. (LaRouche v. FEC (No. 921100).)
*September 17 1992 - FEC makes final determination that the LaRouche Democratic Campaign repay $151,260 in federal funds for 1988 campaign.
*October 22 1992 - Lyndon LaRouche and LaRouche Democratic Campaign '88 petition U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit to review the Commission's final repayment determination.

ee also

*Political views of Lyndon LaRouche
*LaRouche Movement (includes information on other political organizing)

References

External links

* [http://larouchepac.com LaRouche PAC]
* [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/05/02/politics/main552063.shtml Lyndon LaRouche tries again] Associated Press report on LaRouche's entry into the 2004 presidential race
* [http://citypaper.net/articles/2004-04-22/cb4.shtml Strange Bedfellows] on Pennsylvania state Rep. Harold James' endorsement of LaRouche's 2004 campaign for the Democratic nomination
* [http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/01/27/elec04.prez.democrats.larouche/ LaRouche supporters disrupt Democrats] January 2004 CNN report on LaRouche followers disrupting a Howard Dean event
* [http://www.prin.edu/users/els/departments/poli_sci/state/state/larouche.htm The 1986 LaRouche electoral debacle in Illinois] Paper presented by John W. Williams at the annual meeting of the 1995 Illinois Political Science Association and printed in 1995 issue of the Illinois Political Science Review
* [http://lyndonlarouchewatch.org/newamericanfascism.htm "Lyndon LaRouche and the New American Fascism" by Dennis King] Chapters 11 to 15 gives history of LaRouche electoral activity in 1970s and 1980s
* [http://www.fec.gov/law/litigation_CCA_L.shtml#larouche_92_1_3 FEC Court Case Abstracts] Summaries of litigation between the Federal Election Committee and LaRouche political committees.


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