Herod Philip II

Herod Philip II

:"Not to be confused with Herod Philip I."

Herod Philip II, or Philip the Tetrarch, was son of Herod the Great and his fifth wife Cleopatra of Jerusalem and half-brother of Herod Antipas and Herod Archelaus.

Philip inherited the northeast part of his father's kingdom and is mentioned briefly in the Bible by Luke (3,1): "In the fifteenth year of the reign of Emperor Tiberius, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod was ruler of Galilee, and his brother Philip ruler of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis" (...) . He married his niece Salome, the daughter of Herodias and Herod Philip I - she appears in the Bible in connection with the execution of John the Baptist. He rebuilt the city of Caesarea Philippi, calling it by his own name to distinguish it from the Caesarea on the sea-coast which was the seat of the Roman government.

:"About this time it was that Philip, Herod's ' brother, departed this life, in the twentieth year of the reign of Tiberius [33/34 AD] , after he had been tetrarch of Trachonitis and Gaulanitis, and of the nation of the Bataneans also, thirty-seven years. He had showed himself a person of moderation and quietness in the conduct of his life and government; he constantly lived in that country which was subject to him; he used to make his progress with a few chosen friends; his tribunal also, on which he sat in judgment, followed him in his progress; and when any one met him who wanted his assistance, he made no delay, but had his tribunal set down immediately, wheresoever he happened to be, and sat down upon it, and heard his complaint: he there ordered the guilty that were convicted to be punished, and absolved those that had been accused unjustly. He died at Julias; and when he was carried to that monument which he had already erected for himself beforehand, he was buried with great pomp. His principality Tiberius took, (for he left no sons behind him,) and added it to the province of Syria, but gave order that the tributes which arose from it should be collected, and laid up in his tetrachy." [Flavius Josephus, "Jewish Antiquities" 18.106-108]

References

External links

* [http://virtualreligion.net/iho/philip.html Philip the Tetrarch] entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith
* [http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/herodphilip2.html Another biographical entry]


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