- Henri d'Orléans, duc d'Aumale
Henri Eugène Philippe Louis d'Orléans, duc d'Aumale (
January 16 1822– May 7 1897) was born in Paris. He was the fifth and second youngest son of Louis-Philippe, King of the French and Duc d'Orléans and Marie Amalie of Bourbon-Sicilies. He took the title of Duc d'Aumale. He was a leader for the Orleanistcause of a constitutional monarchyin France.
Born at the
Palais Royalin Paris, he was brought up by his parents with great simplicity, he was educated at the college of Henri IV. At the very young age of 8, he inherited a large fortune of 66 million Livres(equivalent to nearly £200 Million today), the lands and wealth of the last prince de Condé; the last Prince de Condé being his godfather, Louis VI Henri de Bourbon-Condé. He also inherited the famous Château de Chantilly, domaines of Saint-Leu, Taverny, Enghien, Montmorency and Mortefontaine. He also gained the Châteaud'Écouen.At the age of seventeen he entered the army with the rank of a captain of infantry.
Marriage and Children
On November 25, 1844, he married
Princess Maria Carolina Augusta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, daughter of the Leopold, Prince of Salernoand his wife Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria, in Naples. The couple had four children, two of whom reached adulthood:
Louis Philippe Marie Léopold, prince de Condé(1845–1866)
François Louis d'Orléans, duc de Guise(1854–1872)
Infobox French Monarchical Styles
royal name=Prince Henri, duc d'Aumale
dipstyle=His Royal Highness
offstyle=Your Royal Highness
He distinguished himself during the French invasion of Algeria and, in 1847, he became lieutenant-general and was appointed Governor-General of Algeria, a position he held from
September 27 1847to February 24 1848.
In this capacity he received the submission of the emir
Abdel Kadir, in December 1847. After the Revolution of 1848, he retired to Englandand busied himself with historical and military studies, replying in 1861 by a "Letter upon History of France" to the Emperor Napoleon's violent attacks upon the House of Orléans.
On the outbreak of the
Franco-Prussian War, he volunteered for service in the French army but his offer was declined. Elected deputy for the Oise"département", he returned to France, and succeeded to the fauteuil of the comte Montalembert in the French Academy. In March 1872 he resumed his place in the army as general of division and, in 1873, presided over the court-martial which condemned Marshal Bazaine to death.
At this time, having been appointed commander of the VII army corps at
Besançon, he retired from political life and, in 1879, became inspector-general of the army. The act of exception, passed in 1883, deprived all members of families that had reigned in France of their military positions. Consequently, the duc d'Aumale was placed on the unemployed supernumerary list.
Subsequently, in 1886, another law was promulgated which expelled from French territory the heads of former reigning families and provided that, henceforward, all members of those families should be disqualified for any public position or function and election to any public body. The duc d'Aumale protested energetically but was nonetheless expelled.
By his will of the
June 3 1884, however, he had bequeathed to the Institute of Francehis Chantilly estate, including the Château de Chantilly, with all the art-collection he had collected there, to become a museum. This generosity led the government to withdraw the decree of exile and the duke returned to France in 1889. He died in Zucco, Sicilyand was buried in Dreux, in the chapel of the Orléans.
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1= 1. Henri d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale
Louis-Philippe of France
Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies
Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre
Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Marie Caroline of Austria
Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
Louise Henriette de Bourbon-Conti
10= 10. Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre
11= 11. Maria Theresa Felicitas d'Este
Charles III of Spain
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maria Theresa of Austria
Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans
Auguste Marie Johanna of Baden-Baden
18= 18. Louis Armand II de Bourbon, Prince of Conti
19= 19. Louise-Elisabeth de Bourbon-Condé
20= 20. Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, Count of Toulouse
21= 21. Marie-Victoiré-Sophie de Noailles
Francesco III d'Este
Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans
Philip V of Spain
Elisabeth of Parma
Augustus III of Poland
Maria Josepha of Austria
Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
External link and references
* [http://www.19e.org/personnages/france/A/aumale.htm Detailed biography] (in French)
* [http://www.academie-francaise.fr/Immortels/base/academiciens/fiche.asp?param=430 "academie-francaise" Site]
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