Islam in Central Asia

Islam in Central Asia

Islam is the most widely practiced religion in Central Asia. The Hanafi school of thought is the most popular. ["Radical Islam in Central Asia: Between Pen and Rifle", page 38]


The Battle of Talas in 751 between the Abbasid Caliphate and the Chinese Tang Dynasty for control of Central Asia was the turning point initiating mass conversion into Islam in the region. Islamization of the region has had profound impact on the native cultures in the region moulding them as a part of Islamic civilization. Islamization in the region has also had the effect of blending Islam into native cultures, creating new forms of Islamic practices, known as folk Islam. Until the Mongol invasion of Central Asia in 13th century, Samarkand, Bukhara and Urgench flourished as centers of Islamic learning, culture and art in the region. Mongol invasion halted the process for a half century. Two Sufi Brotherhoods, Yasaviya and Naqshbandia were born under the turmoil and uncertainty created by Mongol Invasion.Fact|date=February 2007

Central Asian Islamic scientists and philosophers, Al-Khorezmi, Buruni, Farabi, and Ali Ibn Sina (Avicenna) made an important impact on the development of European science in the ensuing centuries.

ee also

* Islam in Kazakhstan
* Islam in Mongolia
* Islam in Turkmenistan
* Islam in Uzbekistan
* Islam in Kyrgyzstan
* Islam in Tajikistan
* Islam in Afghanistan


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