- Pella, Jordan
Pella, Jordan, known in Arabic as "Tabaqat Fahl" (طبقة فحل), is a village and the site of ancient ruins in northwestern
Pella is located in the Jordan valley some 78 miles north of Amman, and the site has been continuously occupied since
Neolithictimes. First mentioned in the 19th century BCin Egyptian inscriptions, its name was Hellenised to Pella, perhaps to honour Alexander the Great's birthplace. The Roman city, of which some spectacular ruins remain, supplanted the Hellenistic city. During this period Pella was one of the cities making up the Decapolis. The Decapolis were twelve (despite the name) cities in Palestine, Jordan and southern Syria which were centres of Greco-Roman culture. The city was the site of one of Christianity's earliest churches. According to Eusebius of Caesareait was a refuge for Jerusalem Christians in the 1st centuryAD who were fleeing the Great Jewish Revolt. It is half an hour's drive from Irbidin northern Jordan.
The city proper was destroyed by earthquake in
749. A small village remains in the area. Only small portions of the ruins have been excavated.
University of Sydneyand the Jordanian Department of Antiquities have been conducting excavations at Pella since 1979. In recent years the focus has been on the site's Bronze Ageand Iron Agetemples and administrative buildings which were first exposed in 1994. Further archaeological work by the University is planned for early 2009 (see the external link below).
Images of Pella (2000)
A contour plan and recent (2007) Pella in Jordan images are available in Wikimedia Commons [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Pella_in_Jordan]
* [http://acl.arts.usyd.edu.au/neaf/images/pdfs/volunteer%20information%202009.pdf The University of Sydney Pella Project - Volunteer Scheme]
* [http://www.astarte.com.au/html/still_digging.html Digging at Pella]
* [http://www.astarte.com.au/html/pella_s_canaanite_temple.html The Canaanite Temple at Pella]
* [http://www.daleelirbid.com/ Irbid Guide]
* [http://www.irbid.gov.jo/ Greater Irbid Municipality]
* [http://www.irbidnews.com/ Irbid News]
* [http://www.atlastours.net/jordan/pella.html Pella’s description at Atlas Tours]
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