Seal of Solomon

Seal of Solomon

:"Sigillum Solomonis is also a name of the Polygonatum genus."In Medieval Jewish, Christian and Islamic legends, the Seal of Solomon was a magical signet ring said to have been possessed by King Solomon, which variously gave him the power to command demons (or jinni), genies, or to speak with animals.

In legend

In one of the Arabian Nights' Entertainments, an evil djinn is described as being imprisoned in a copper bottle for 1,800 years by a lead seal stamped by the ring. Other, later books (Pseudomonarchia Daemonum) manage to fit far more demons in bottle.

In some versions of the story, the ring was made of brass and iron, carved with the Name of God, and set with four jewels. In later versions the ring simply bore the symbol now called the Star of David (hexagram), often within a circle, usually with the two triangles interlaced (hence chiral) rather than intersecting. Often the gaps are filled with dots or other symbols. Other versions have it as a pentagram or other more complicated figures. Works on demonology typically depict the pattern of the seal as being two concentric circles, with a number of mystical sigils between the inner and outer circles, and various more-or-less complex geometric shapes within the inner circle.

In one Arabic story [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=894&letter=S#2956] it is claimed that the demon Sakhr deceived one of Solomon's sisters into giving him the ring. Sakhr then ruled in his stead for forty days (or years, in some versions) while Solomon wandered the country in poverty. However eventually Sakhr threw the ring into the sea, where it was swallowed by a fish, caught by a fisherman, and served to Solomon. As punishment Sakhr was made to build a great mosque for Solomon.

Janik Pilet in his [http://www.janik.online.co.ma "Le Sceau de Salomon, secret perdu de la Bible" (The Seal of Solomon, lost key of the Bible)] proposes that the "six pointed star" was a picture used by some authors of the Bible.

Grimoire

"Sigillum Solomonis" is the title of a medieval grimoire.

Alchemy

In alchemy, the combination of the fire and water symbols (up and down triangles) is known as the Seal of Solomon. The symbol is representative of the combination of opposites and transmutation.

See also

* Goetia
* The Lesser Key of Solomon
* Key of Solomon
* Testament of Solomon
* Pentagram
* Star of David
* Solomon's Seal (album)

External links

* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=895&letter=S Jewish Encyclopedia article]
* [http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/docs/books/gutenberg/etext04/arnsc10.txt The Book of One Thousand and One Nights] from Project Gutenberg (2.91 MB); see e.g. "THE STORY OF THE FISHERMAN."
* [http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/1990_1999/1999/2/King%20Solomon-s%20Seal Various representations] from the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
* [http://baheyeldin.com/culture/star-of-david-solomons-seal.html Solomon's Seal in Islamic culture] also has some historical background.


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