Inferior frontal gyrus

Inferior frontal gyrus

Infobox Brain
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = gyrus frontalis inferior
GraySubject = 189
GrayPage = 822


Caption = Inferior frontal gyrus of the human brain.



Caption2 = Lateral surface of left cerebral hemisphere, viewed from the side.
IsPartOf = Frontal lobe
Components = Pars opercularis, Pars triangularis, Pars orbitalis
Artery = Middle cerebral
Vein =
BrainInfoType = hier
BrainInfoNumber = 67
MeshName =
MeshNumber =
The inferior frontal gyrus is a gyrus of the frontal lobe of the human brain. Its superior border is the inferior frontal sulcus, its inferior border the lateral fissure, and its posterior border is the inferior precentral sulcus. Above it is the middle frontal gyrus, behind it the precentral gyrus.

Divisions

The inferior frontal gyrus can be subdivided into the following macroanatomical structures:
* Pars opercularis (cortex posterior to the ascending ramus of the lateral fissure)
* Pars triangularis (cortex between the ascending ramus and the horizontal ramus of the lateral fissure)
* Pars orbitalis (cortex inferior and anterior to the horizontal ramus of the lateral fissure)

The inferior frontal gyrus includes the following cytoarchitectonic areas:
* Brodmann area 44
* Brodmann area 45
* Brodmann area 47
* cytoarchitectonic areas of the deep frontal operculum

The cytoarchitectonic areas very roughly correspond to the following macroanatomic structures: Brodmann area 44 to Pars opercularis, Brodmann area 45 to Pars triangularis, and Brodmann area 47 to Pars orbitalis. Brodmann area 44 corresponds to Broca's area (sometimes Broca's area is taken to encompass Brodmann's areas 44 and 45).


=Additional


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