South African cricket team in England in 1994

South African cricket team in England in 1994

Infobox_Cricket_series_begin
series_name = South Africa in England 1994
team1_

team1_name = South Africa
team2_
| team2_name = England
from_date = 23 June
to_date = 4 September 1994
team1_captain = Kepler Wessels
team2_captain = Mike Atherton
Infobox_Cricket_series_tests
no_of_tests = 3
team1_tests_won = 1
team2_tests_won = 1
team1_tests_most_runs = Brian McMillan (264)
team2_tests_most_runs = Graeme Hick (304)
team1_tests_most_wickets = Allan Donald, Fanie de Villiers (12)
team2_tests_most_wickets = Darren Gough (11)
player_of_test_series = Brian McMillan (SA), Devon Malcolm (Eng)
Infobox_Cricket_series_ODI
no_of_ODIs = 2
team1_ODIs_won = 0
team2_ODIs_won = 2
team1_ODIs_most_runs = Darryl Cullinan (99)
team2_ODIs_most_runs = Graeme Hick, Graham Thorpe (81)
team1_ODIs_most_wickets = Allan Donald, Tim Shaw (2)
team2_ODIs_most_wickets = Philip DeFreitas, Dominic Cork (4)
player_of_ODI_series = Darryl Cullinan (SA), Phillip DeFreitas (Eng)

The South African cricket team toured England during the 1994 season. This was their first tour to England after the apartheid-inspired international sporting ban was rescinded. The team was led by Eastern Province's Kepler Wessels, who had returned to his native country after playing 24 Tests for Australia during the International ban years.

South Africa had made a promising start to their International return, drawing their two most recent series, home and away against Australia, and some talents had begun to emerge already. Allan Donald was already well-known to English spectators from his extended and successful spell as Warwickshire's overseas player from 1987 onwards, and had spearheaded the South African attack with 63 Test wickets prior to this series, and Fanie de Villiers made a useful foil, having taken 22 wickets against the Australians, including 6-43 in the victory at Sydney. Andrew Hudson had emerged as a superb opener, racking up centuries against the West Indies and Australia and nine fifties in his short career. Jonty Rhodes had established himself as one of the top fielders in the world already, and had won over doubters of his batting with a never-say-die attitude, [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/RSA_ENG_PREVIEW_MARKS_26JUN94] article by Vic Marks in "The Observer", 26 June, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 5 April, 2007.] which characterised the whole team, even where outright ability was lacking. [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/RSA_RETURNS_JOHNSON_21JUL94] article by Martin Johnson in "The Independent", 21 July, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 5 April, 2007.]

England had just completed a victorious series against New Zealand, but seemed flattered by the tourists reliance on a couple of key players. The South Africans would provide a much more useful yardstick of Ray Illingworth's management of the team, and there were still doubts over middle order batsmen Robin Smith and Graeme Hick and the strength of the bowling, despite Phillip DeFreitas's re-emergence. New caps Darren Gough and Craig White had looked promising against New Zealand, but had yet to be seriously tested.

The Test series was drawn 1-1, with South Africa atarting very well and dominating the First Test before England recovered to level the series on the back of somewhat improved batting and the raw pace of Devon Malcolm, whose 9/57 in the second innings at The Oval earned him the nickname of "The Destroyer" in South Africa. The One-Day series was won more comfortably by the hosts, 2-0. The tourists' victory in the First Test was somewhat overshadowed by the controversy over ball tampering by England captain Michael Atherton, who was seen taking dirt from his pocket while fielding and using it to dry the ball.

Historical significance

This was an historic time for South African sport as the national sporting teams made their way back into the International arena, and reminded viewers around the world of the country's sporting pedigree. The International Cricket Council (ICC) re-admitted South Africa to world cricket in July 1991, after 21 years during which the only significant exposure to South African cricket had been through "rebel" tours.

Graham Gooch, who led the rebel tour in 1982, which resulted in a three-year ban from international cricket for the former England captain, commented on the unsanctioned visits: "I have no regrets. At the time the South Africans saw the tour as a way of keeping cricket strong...I wouldn't like to say whether it changed anything one way or the other...All I can say now is that I'm pleased they are back on the big stage." [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/RSA_ENG_T1_PREVIEW_JOHNSON_21JUL94] article by Peter Johnson in "Daily Mail", 21 July, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 5 April, 2007. ]

This was the cricket team's first tour to England since 1965, and tour manager Fritz Bing summed up the visitors' mood on arrival, noting that they returned to "the Mother Country not as rebels, beggars, or enemies, but as confident, happy children...we come proudly through the front door". Although there were no black cricketers in this tour party, the team enjoyed overwhelming support back home, with Jonty Rhodes being identified as a new hero among young black cricketers in South Africa. [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/RSA_SQUAD_ARRIVE_MOORE_20JUN94] article by Glenn Moore in "The Independent", 20 June, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 5 April 2007]

South Africa's deputy president, Thabo Mbeki, flew to London for the First Test, and Dr Ali Bacher was feted at a Lord's Taverners dinner on the eve of the Test, where he gave a speech outlining the development plan for cricket in South Africa's townships. [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/RSA_RETURNS_CMJ_21JUL94] article by Christopher Martin-Jenkins in "The Daily Telegraph", 21 July, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 5 April, 2007.]

Despite all the media attention, Wessels was keen to keep the focus on cricket, rather than politics. "We're a more confident side now, though," he said the day before the First Test, "and no longer regard ourselves as newcomers. We have to look past the emotion of the occasion, but we have been involved in a few special occasions since our return to thefold, so we should be getting used to it by now."

quads

Test matches

First Test (21-24 July)

First Class Matches
batting first

batting first = South Africa
first innings score of first team = 357
overs in first innings of first team = 118.5
Highest scorer for first innings of first team = Kepler Wessels
Highest scorer for first innings of first team initial form = K.C. Wessels
Highest score for first innings of first team = 105
Highest score for first innings of first team balls faced = 217
Best bowler in first innings of first team = Darren Gough
Best bowler in first innings of first team initial form = D. Gough
Best bowler in first innings of first team figures = 28-6-76-4

second innings score of first team = 278/8 dec
overs in second innings of first team = 102.3
Highest scorer for second innings of first team = Gary Kirsten
Highest scorer for second innings of first team initial form = G. Kirsten
Highest score for second innings of first team = 44
Highest score for second innings of first team balls faced = 126
Best bowler in second innings of first team = Darren Gough
Best bowler in second innings of first team initial form = D. Gough
Best bowler in second innings of first team figures = 19.3-5-46-4

batting second

batting second = England
first innings score of second team = 180
overs in first innings of second team = 61.3
Highest scorer for first innings of second team = Graeme Hick
Highest scorer for first innings of second team initial form = G.A. Hick
Highest score for first innings of second team = 38
Highest score for first innings of second team balls faced = 88
Best bowler in first innings of second team = Allan Donald
Best bowler in first innings of second team initial form = A.A. Donald
Best bowler in first innings of second team figures = 19.3-5-74-5

second innings score of second team = 99
overs in second innings of second team = 45.5
Highest scorer for second innings of second team = Graham Gooch
Highest scorer for second innings of second team initial form = G.A. Gooch
Highest score for second innings of second team = 28
Highest score for second innings of second team balls faced = 51
Best bowler in second innings of second team = Brian McMillan
Best bowler in second innings of second team initial form = B.M. McMillan
Best bowler in second innings of second team figures = 6.5-2-16-3

other result= true
result = South Africa won by 356 runs [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/RSA_ENG_T1_21-24JUL1994.html] , from Cricinfo.com, retrieved 5 April 2007]
stadium = Lord's Cricket Ground
city = London
country = England
umpire1 = Harold "Dickie" Bird
umpire1 initial form = H.D. Bird
umpire1 country = England
umpire1 country short form = Eng
umpire2 = S.G. Randall
umpire2 initial form = S.G. Randall
umpire2 country = Australia
umpire2 country short form = Aus
MOTM = Kepler Wessels
MOTM initial form = K.C. Wessels
MOTM country = South Africa
MOTM ctry short form = SA

South Africa went into the historic match with four front-line seamers and no spinner, selecting the same side that had drawn their last test, with Australia. England made two changes from the drawn test with New Zealand, John Crawley coming into the side to make his debut at the expense of Robin Smith and Ian Salisbury replacing Peter Such as the side's spinner.

South Africa on the toss and opted to bat first on a flat-looking Lord's pitch, but after seeing off the initial burst from Phillip DeFreitas, Andrew Hudson fell to Darren Gough, and Hansie Cronje followed soon after to Angus Fraser. From 35/2, the tourists looked in a little trouble, but Gary Kirsten and captain Kepler Wessels (105) dug in and built obdurate innings', adding 106 before Kirsten (72) holed out to DeFreitas off Graeme Hick's bowling. Peter Kirsten was another Gough victim, caught behind by Steven Rhodes, and although Jonty Rhodes put on 75 with his skipper, both fell just before the close, leaving the honours relatively even at 244/6. Wessels' century was compiled in just under six hours and comprised 15 fours.

The second morning saw the South African lower order take the attack to the England bowlers, adding over a hundred for the last four wickets. Craig Matthews was the principle architect, striking 41 in just 36 balls. England's response started briskly, but not very successfully. Alec Stewart and captain Mike Atherton fell to the pace of Allan Donald, while Crawley edged Fanie De Villiers' swing to second slip. Hick and Graham Gooch consolidated, but both were dismissed in De Villiers' second spell and the rest of the lower-middle order followed quickly on the second evening. DeFreitas and then Gough dragged the score past the follow-on target, but couldn't inspire England to any heroics. Donald wrapped up both to finish with five wickets, diving forward to take a return catch to get rid of Gough, while Fraser was run out by Gary Kirsten trying to run a third, leaving Salisbury stranded having added just six in almost an hour.

South Africa lost Hudson early again in the second innings, but Cronje and Gary Kirsten made a solid start to the innings, though the third afternoon was something of a grind, the visitors adding just 62 and losing the two set batsmen. Hick and Salisbury both enjoyed significant turn, if fairly little success, picking up just one wicket each in the innings, but they bowled tidily and economically, with Hick eventually tempting a frustrated Gary Kirsten down the wicket, only to beat the edge and Steven Rhodes took a neat stumping. Salisbury picked up the captain's wicket just after tea, but Peter Kirsten (42) and Jonty Rhodes saw the team safely to the close. These two, and then when Gough ripped them out, Brian McMillan (39*) and Matthews, pushed the lead quickly up to 450 before Wessels declared when Matthews was out, leaving his bowlers five sessions to win the match.

It didn't take that long - England's second innings lasted just under 46 overs. Atherton and Stewart saw off Donald's opening spell, but then fell to De Villiers and the two back-up seamers. Stewart managed to hold out for two hours for his 27, but Matthews took two wickets in two balls, and despite Gooch passing Viv Richards as the fourth-highest Test run scorer during his 28, nobody had answers to South Africa's bowlers. The fieding was kept tight, and each of the bowlers chipped in with wickets as the batting collapsed and the tourists marched to a dominant victory.

During the Test, former South African opening batsman Barry Richards bemoaned the lack of fight in the England team, commenting that "...it puzzles me why the new breed of England batsmen are failing to stamp their authority on an innings. People like Stewart and Hick have all the ability at Test level but they do not seem to want to grab the game by the scruff of its neck and say to the opposition bowlers: 'I'm here. Come and get me if you can.'" [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/RSA_ENG_T1D3_ANAL_RICHARDS_24JUL94] Article by Barry Richards in the "Sunday Telegraph" on 24 July, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 9 April, 2007. ] . meanwhile, in "The Guardian", Mike Selvey praised the South African seamers, [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/RSA_ENG_T1_ANAL_SELVEY_26JUL94] Article by Mike Selvey in "The Guardian" on 28 July, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 9 April, 2007. ] and Scyld Berry singled out Fanie De Villiers' bowling on the second day as the turning point of the match, [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/RSA_ENG_T1D3_ANAL_BERRY_24JUL94] Article by Scyld Berry in The "Sunday Telegraph" on 24 July, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 9 April, 2007. ] , and the above commentators pointed out England's lack of success at the home of cricket and questioned the lack of a left-handed batsman in the eleven.

The England captain described his team's performance as "the worst under my captaincy". [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/RSA_ENG_T1D4_ANAL_JOHNSON_25JUL94] Article by Martin Johnson in "The Independent", 25 july, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 9 April, 2007. ]

The "dirt in pocket" controversy

On the third day of the First Test, TV footage showed England captain Mike Atherton apparently removing some substance from his pocket and rubbing it onto the ball, which could be construed as ball tampering. Atherton was summoned to see the Match Referee, Peter Burge, after play had finished for the day, and gave his explanation, which included a denial that he had used any substance to alter the condition of the ball at any time in his career. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/cricket/1511763.stm] "Atherton's darkest day", a retrospective report from BBC Sport from 28 August, 2001, accessed on 9 April, 2007. ]

When it later emerged that Atherton had dirt in his pocket that he had used to keep his fingers dry, Atherton recalled the conversation with the Match Referee thus:

"I did take my trousers to the meeting," he explained [in the press conference] . "He asked me if I had resin in my pocket;I replied 'no'. He asked me if there had been any other substance; I replied 'no'. That is where I made my mistake. I was thinking of other substances such as iron filings or Lipsyl. There was absolutely no other substance [apart from earth] in my pocket." [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/ATHERTON_STAYS_CMJ_31JUL94] Article by Christopher Martin-Jenkins in the "Daily Telegraph", 31 July, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 9 April, 2007.]

Atherton was fined £2000 by Chairman of Selectors Ray Illingworth for not being totally frank with the Match Referee, but retained the captaincy despite calls from some quarters for him to step down or be sacked, with Pakistan manager Intikhab Alam particularly vociferous on the topic, telling "The Sun" newspaper "Athertonhas been caught red-handed. He has to be replaced. What more evidence do people want? It's just not acceptable behaviour from somebody who is supposed to be the leader of the team", while "The Sun" also published pictures that seemed to show Allan Donald lifting the seam of the ball. [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/ATHERTON_ROW_AFP_28JUL94] report compiled by Associated Free Press, issued 28 July, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 9 April, 2007.]

econd Test (4-8 August)

First Class Matches
batting first

batting first = England
first innings score of first team = 477/9 dec
overs in first innings of first team = 160.3
Highest scorer for first innings of first team = Mike Atherton
Highest scorer for first innings of first team initial form = M.A. Atherton
Highest score for first innings of first team = 99
Highest score for first innings of first team balls faced = 224
Best bowler in first innings of first team = Brian McMillan
Best bowler in first innings of first team initial form = B.M. McMillan
Best bowler in first innings of first team figures = 37-12-93-3

second innings score of first team = 267/5 dec
overs in second innings of first team = 78.3
Highest scorer for second innings of first team = Graeme Hick
Highest scorer for second innings of first team initial form = G.A. Hick
Highest score for second innings of first team = 110
Highest score for second innings of first team balls faced = 192
Best bowler in second innings of first team = Brian McMillan
Best bowler in second innings of first team initial form = B.M. McMillan
Best bowler in second innings of first team figures = 15.3-0-66-2

batting second

batting second = South Africa
first innings score of second team = 447
overs in first innings of second team = 133.1
Highest scorer for first innings of second team = Peter Kirsten
Highest scorer for first innings of second team initial form = P.N. Kirsten
Highest score for first innings of second team = 104
Highest score for first innings of second team balls faced = 226
Best bowler in first innings of second team = Phillip DeFreitas
Best bowler in first innings of second team initial form = P.A.J. DeFreitas
Best bowler in first innings of second team figures = 29.1-6-89-4

second innings score of second team = 116/3
overs in second innings of second team = 60
Highest scorer for second innings of second team = Gary Kirsten
Highest scorer for second innings of second team initial form = G. Kirsten
Highest score for second innings of second team = 65
Highest score for second innings of second team balls faced = 128
Best bowler in second innings of second team = Phil Tufnell
Best bowler in second innings of second team initial form = P.C.R. Tufnell
Best bowler in second innings of second team figures = 23-8-31-2

other result= true
result = Match Drawn [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/RSA_ENG_T2_04-08AUG1994.html] , from Cricinfo.com, retrieved 9 April 2007]
stadium = Headingley cricket ground
city = Leeds
country = England
umpire1 = David Shepherd (umpire)
umpire1 initial form = D.R. Shepherd
umpire1 country = England
umpire1 country short form = Eng
umpire2 = R.S. Dunne
umpire2 initial form = R.S. Dunne
umpire2 country = New Zealand
umpire2 country short form = NZ
MOTM = Peter Kirsten
MOTM initial form = P.N. Kirsten
MOTM country = South Africa
MOTM ctry short form = SA

South Africa named the same side for the Second Test that had been so dominant in the First, while England made two changes: Graham Thorpe came in for all-rounder Craig White and Phil Tufnell replaced Salisbury as the specialist spinner. Fraser and Gough both recovered from knocks on the hand suffered while batting in the First Test and retained their places. England won the toss and batted first on what turned out to be a slowish pitch.

Gooch returned to the top of the order for this Test, but made only 23 before becoming the first of De Villiers' three victims, caught at slip by McMillan. Hick batted with confidence, but fell to the same combination for 25. Meanwhile, Atherton batted serenely, and was joined by Thorpe. These two added a superb 142 in just under three hours, punishing the more wayward attack whenever they strayed from a good line. Thorpe took the aggressor's role, striking 13 boundaries in his 72, but perished playing a lazy drive, and Jonty Rhodes took an easy catch at point. Atherton fell soon after, having batted for over five hours, and just missed out on his century, gifting a return catch to McMillan for a defiant 99 (nine fours and one six) that had allowed the other top order batsmen to play around him.

Crawley (38) and Stewart (89) added a century stand of their own on the second morning, while the South African bowlers strove for the breakthrough in vain. Allan Donald was used in short bursts, as he was struggling with a toe injury, and it was just before lunch that Crawley was finally dismissed, having played a great supporting role. Steve Rhodes (65*) also contributed well, and shepherded the tail to a good position, adding 53 with Gough, and allowing Atherton to declare the innings and have nine overs at the tourists' openers. Hudson was again out cheaply, caught by the captain off Gough, before the close.

The third morning was very much England's - DeFreitas picked up Gary Kirsten, caught behind, and then Cronje, bowled first ball, in the first over of the day, and Wessels was dropped twice before he settled in and helped nightwatchman Dave Richardson (48) add sixty. The bounce was rather variable at this stage of the match, with several deliveries scuttling through rather low, and these two both went before lunch to Fraser, leaving South Africa at 105/5. The rest of the day belonged to the visitors though. Peter Kirsten struck up intelligent partnerships with Rhodes (46) and McMillan, and brought up his maiden Test century (104 from 226 balls, 13 boundaries) shortly before the close, only to be dismissed by DeFreitas soon afterwards. McMillan (78) continued the onslaught the next morning, adding another 77 with Matthews (62*), and the tail helped to raise the South African total to 447.

The tourists' hopes of pulling off another victory took a blow when it was revealed that Donald would not be able to bowl in the second innings because of his injury, but De Villiers and Matthews kept things very tight early on, after the experiment of opening with McMillan went awry, and under the pressure of scoring quickly to set a target Atherton and Gooch were both early victims. Thorpe and Hick batted through to the close with few further alarms. The final morning saw England start cautiously, but gradually increase their rate, until by the end they were pushing at more than six an over. Hick (110, nine fours, three sixes) accelerated from 50 to his century with ease, while Thorpe made 73 in good time, and Stewart 36 at a run a ball, allowing England to declare at lunch, setting the South Africans 298 to win. Hudson's fourth consecutive failure gave the home team hope that they might prompt a collapse, but the visitors declined to press for the runs, and crawled to 116/3 from the 60 overs that were bowled before the captains agreed to a draw, half an hour before the scheduled close. Tufnell picked up two wickets, while DeFreitas got the unlucky Gary Kirsten, whose bat was nowhere near the ball when adjudged caught behind. [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/RSA_ENG_T2_04-08AUG1994_MR] Match Report by Frank Sokolic accesed from Cricinfo.com on 9 April, 2007] ] This was the first drawn Test at Headingley since 1980.

Third Test (18-21 August)

First Class Matches
batting first

batting first = South Africa
first innings score of first team = 332
overs in first innings of first team = 92.2
Highest scorer for first innings of first team = Brian McMillan
Highest scorer for first innings of first team initial form = B.M. McMillan
Highest score for first innings of first team = 93
Highest score for first innings of first team balls faced = 193
Best bowler in first innings of first team = Joey Benjamin
Best bowler in first innings of first team initial form = J.E. Benjamin
Best bowler in first innings of first team figures = 17-2-42-4

second innings score of first team = 175
overs in second innings of first team = 50.3
Highest scorer for second innings of first team = Darryl Cullinan
Highest scorer for second innings of first team initial form = D.J. Cullinan
Highest score for second innings of first team = 94
Highest score for second innings of first team balls faced = 134
Best bowler in second innings of first team = Devon Malcolm
Best bowler in second innings of first team initial form = D.E. Malcolm
Best bowler in second innings of first team figures = 16.3-2-57-9

batting second

batting second = England
first innings score of second team = 304
overs in first innings of second team = 77
Highest scorer for first innings of second team = Graham Thorpe
Highest scorer for first innings of second team initial form = G.P. Thorpe
Highest score for first innings of second team = 79
Highest score for first innings of second team balls faced = 115
Best bowler in first innings of second team = Fanie De Villiers
Best bowler in first innings of second team initial form = P.S. De Villiers
Best bowler in first innings of second team figures = 19-3-62-4

second innings score of second team = 205/2
overs in second innings of second team = 35.3
Highest scorer for second innings of second team = Graeme Hick
Highest scorer for second innings of second team initial form = G.A. Hick
Highest score for second innings of second team = 81*
Highest score for second innings of second team balls faced = 81
Best bowler in second innings of second team = Craig Matthews
Best bowler in second innings of second team initial form = C.R. Matthews
Best bowler in second innings of second team figures = 11.3-4-37-1

other result= true
result = England won by 8 wickets [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/RSA_ENG_T3_18-21AUG1994.html] , from Cricinfo.com, retrieved 10 April 2007]
stadium = The Oval
city = London
country = England
umpire1 = Ken Palmer
umpire1 initial form = K.E. Palmer
umpire1 country = England
umpire1 country short form = Eng
umpire2 = R.S. Dunne
umpire2 initial form = R.S. Dunne
umpire2 country = New Zealand
umpire2 country short form = NZ
MOTM = Devon Malcolm
MOTM initial form = D.E. Malcolm
MOTM country = England
MOTM ctry short form = Eng

South Africa dropped Hudson for the Final Test after his run of low scores and Peter Kirsten moved up to open the batting with his brother, while Darryl Cullinan came into the middle order. Donald recovered from his sore toe to lead the bowling attack. Fraser and Tufnell were left out of the England side from the Second Test, with Devon Malcolm coming in to make use of the pace of the pitch and Surrey's Joey Benjamin making his Test debut in an all-seam attack. The selectors no doubt hoped he could use his knowledge of conditions at The Oval to supplement his fast-medium pace.

South Africa won the toss and took first use of the traditionally-quick track, but looked in terrible trouble when the Kirstens fell to DeFreitas (4-93) and Malcolm early on, and then, after Cronje (38) and Wessels (45) had steadied the ship a little, Benjamin (4-42) had Cronje adjudged in front and Cullinan edged a DeFreitas delivery to a gleeful Steven Rhodes.

Jonty Rhodes added to the South Africans' worries when he ducked into a short ball from Malcolm and had to retire hurt, while Wessels became Benjamin's second leg before victim, leaving the tourists 136/5 and a man short. McMillan and Richardson (58) took the attack back to the England bowlers in the second half of the day, adding a vital 124 before Richardson edged Benjamin to Rhodes, and Matthews uncharacteristically failed, diverting one to Hick at slip without scoring. McMillan and Donald took South Africa safely to the close, but the former added just two to his overnight total to be ninth man out for a rambustuous 93, and Rhodes didn't return to bat.

England's innings started badly, with Atherton departing to De Villiers' first delivery and showing a degree of dissent about the lbw decision that cost him half his match fee as a fine. Gooch was kept bogged down by the seamers and was dismissed by Donald soon after lunch for a paltry 8, having scrabbled around for about an hour. Hick (39) started well, but succumbed to a leg-stump yorker from Donald, but Thorpe and Stewart counter-attacked, adding 52 for the fouth wicket before Matthews bowled Thorpe for 79. Crawley lasted just 12 balls before becoming another of Donald's victims, and Rhodes provided Stewart (62) with good support, but both were dismissed late in the day by De Villiers. DeFreitas (37) and Gough (42*) added quick-fire runs at the end of the day, before DeFreitas was run out early on the third morning, and De Villiers (4-42) and Matthews mopped up the tail.

Having received a short ball to the helmet from De Villiers during his brief innings, Devon Malcolm came out to bowl all fired up, allegedly having told De Villiers "You guys are history!" [ [http://www.cricketweb.net/content/toptest.php?NewsIDAuto=6] report by Eddie Sanders, accessed from Cricketweb.net on 10 April, 2007] , [http://content-uk.cricinfo.com/ci/content/story/133797.html] "England's erratic assassin" a retrospective of Devon Malcolm's career by Andrew Miller, dated 19 September, 2003, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 10 April, 2007] He demolished the South African batting. He ripped out Peter and Gary Kirsten and Hansie Cronje before the tourists had a chance to draw breath, leaving them 1/3. Wessels and Cullinan stabilised the innings, but the captain was next to go, also to Malcolm, and Cullinan's approach seemed to be to attack anything he could - as the only batsman capable of fending Malcolm off, his innings of 94 (134 balls, 12 boundaries) was immense, and with DeFreitas bowling niggardly spells whenever Malcolm had to rest, the South Africans had no respite. Meanwhile, McMillan (25), Richardson and Matthews all fell to the Derbyshire quicky, and although Jonty Rhodes came in to bat at number nine, noone else could stem the tide of wickets. Cullinan eventually went to Gough, and Malcolm cleaned up De Villiers and Donald, to finish with figures of 9 for 57, the fourth best Test bowling analysis by an England bowler.

England's batsmen set about their target of 204 with great relish, adding 107 from the 16 overs remaining on the third evening. Atherton (63) batted steadily but robustly, allowing those around him to score freely. Gooch (33 from 20 balls) was the only wicket to fall, and the following morning, they continued in the same vein. Hick made 81 at a run a ball, and Thorpe rounded things off with a quick-fire 15, driving down the ground for four to seal the victory, after Atherton edged one to Richardson with 24 required to win. [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/RSA_ENG_T3_18-21AUG1994_MR] Contemporaneous match reports by John Hall and Frank Sokolic, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 10 April, 2007]

One-day Internationals

First ODI (25 August)

Limited overs international
date = 25 August, 1994
team1 = cr|RSA
score1 = 215/7 (55 overs)
team2 = cr|ENG
score2 = 219/4 (54 overs)
result = cr|ENG won by 6 wickets
venue = Edgbaston, Birmingham, England
umpires = JC Balderstone (ENG) and HD Bird (ENG).
motm = GA Hick (ENG)
runs1 = DJ Cullinan 45 (87)
runs2 = GA Hick 81 (116)
wickets1 = Chris Lewis 3/32 (8)
wickets2 = TG Shaw 1/34 (11)
report = [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/RSA_ENG_TEX_ODI1_25AUG1994.html (scorecard)] |

econd ODI (27-28 August)

Limited overs international
date = 27-28 August, 1994
team1 = cr|RSA
score1 = 181/9 (55 overs)
team2 = cr|ENG
score2 = 182/6 (48.2 overs)
result = cr|ENG won by 4 wickets
venue = Old Trafford, Manchester, England
umpires = MJ Kitchen (ENG) and KE Palmer (ENG).
motm = SJ Rhodes (ENG)
runs1 = DJ Cullinan 45 (92)
runs2 = SJ Rhodes 56 (75)
wickets1 = DG Cork 3/49 (11)
wickets2 = AA Donald 2/47 (10.2)
report = [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/RSA_ENG_TEX_ODI2_27-28AUG1994.html (scorecard)] |

The reserve day was used for this match, after play was curtailed on the first day with England struggling on 80/4 from 26 overs.

eries summary

England

The momentum in this tour swung decisively in England's favour only in the Third Test with Devon Malcolm's fiery burst of quick bowling, although hints of a recovery were clear in the Second Test, with Atherton, Stewart, Rhodes, Thorpe and Hick all showing signs of confidence. Malcolm's impact was evidenced by his selection of England's man of the series despite playing only the one Test.

Four of the batsmen picked up 200 runs or more (Thorpe, Hick, Stewart, Atherton), while Fraser, Gough and DeFreitas all contributed with the ball sufficiently to augur well for the forthcoming Ashes series. Rhodes looked secure behind the stumps and showed resilience with the bat.

outh Africa

The South Africans will be concerned that they managed to let the series victory slide away from them after such a superb performance in the First Test. They had no answer for Malcolm's pace in the final innings of the series and there will be questions asked about their capitulation.

Christopher Martin-Jenkins noted in "The Times" that the tourists were "too dependent on their fast-medium bowling" and that the batting would look a little shaky when Wessells retires, given the performances of Hudson and Cronje, though he praised Darryl Cullinan's emergence as "a batsman of genuine Test class". [ [http://uk.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1994/RSA_IN_ENG/ARTICLES/RSA_ENDS_TOUR_CMJ_30AUG94] article by Christopher Martin-Jenkins in "The Times", 30 August, 1994, accessed from Cricinfo.com on 17 May, 2007.]

Only McMillan and Wessells made 200 runs, though Cullinan showed vigour in compiling 101 in the Third Test, but the pace quartet all contributed at times, De Villiers and Donald each picking up 12 wickets in the series.

Notes and References

External sources

[http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Archive/Seasons/Tours_1994.html CricketArchive]

References

* "Playfair Cricket Annual"
* "Wisden Cricketers Almanack" (annual)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New Zealand cricket team in England in 1931 — The New Zealand cricket team toured England in the 1931 season. The tour was the first tour by a New Zealand team in which Test matches were arranged. Originally, only one Test was planned, but New Zealand acquitted themselves so well in the… …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand cricket team in England in 1927 — The New Zealand cricket team toured England in the 1927 season. The team contained many of the players who would later play Test cricket for New Zealand, but the tour did not include any Test matches and the 1927 English cricket season was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Namibia national cricket team — Namibia Namibia ICC membership granted 1992 ICC member status Associate member ICC development …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand cricket team in South Africa in 2005–06 — New Zealand Cricket Team in South Africa in 2005 06 …   Wikipedia

  • Uganda national cricket team — Infobox non test cricket team country name = Uganda image caption = Uganda celebrate winning Division Three of the World Cricket League in 2007 icc member year = 1998 icc status = Associate member icc region = Africa current captain = Joel… …   Wikipedia

  • North West cricket team — (formerly Western Transvaal cricket team) plays first class cricket in South Africa. For the purposes of the SuperSport Series, North West has merged with Gauteng (formerly Transvaal to form the Highveld Lions or, more simply, the Lions .… …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand national cricket team — New Zealand New Zealand cricket crest Test status granted 1930 First Test …   Wikipedia

  • Kenya national cricket team — Infobox non test cricket team country name = Kenya image caption = Flag of Kenya icc member year = 1981 icc status = Associate with ODI status icc region = Africa current captain = Steve Tikolo WCL division = One regional tournament = World… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the West Indian cricket team — The history of the West Indian cricket team begins in the 1880s when the first combined West Indian team was formed and toured Canada and the United States.ref num|First tour|62 ref num|Development|63 In the 1890s, the first representative sides… …   Wikipedia

  • Ireland cricket team — Infobox non test cricket team country name = Ireland image caption = Flag of the Ireland cricket team icc member year = 1993 icc status = Associate with ODI status icc region = Europe current captain = William Porterfield WCL division = One… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”