Samuel Revans

Samuel Revans

Samuel Revans (circa 1807—14 July 1888) was a notable New Zealand newspaper owner, entrepreneur and politician. He was the "Father of Journalism in New Zealand."

Samuel Revans is known to have been a native of London but, as was common in the early 19th century, the day, month and even the exact year of his birth have been lost to history. He was trained as a printer, and worked in London.

He then joined Henry Samuel Chapman in Canada, where they founded one of the first Canadian daily newspapers, the Montreal Daily Advertiser. Chapman returned to England in 1834, but Revans remained until 1837, when journalist indiscretions in connection with Papineau’s revolt required his hasty return to England. Chapman and Revans were to be reunited in New Zealand, where Chapman became a leading jurist. Back in England, revans was involved in Chartist disturbances, and was introduced by J. A. Roebuck to the New Zealand Company. He became secretary of the Executive Committee of the New Zealand Company and the editor of the "New Zealand Gazette", which he initially printed in his London office on 21 August 1839.

Revans arrived in New Zealand on the ship "Adelaide" on 7 March 1840, docking at Wellington Harbour's Port Nicholson. On 18 April of the same year, he published the second edition of "New Zealand Gazette", the first newspaper published in the newly-settled islands. He also invested in the timber business, and established a number of farms. Gradually, he became more distant from his newspaper, leaving both the printing and the editing to his staff.He also began to question the effectiveness of Wakefield's New Zealand Company. Eventually, his publishing business collapsed, leaving him reliant on his other properties for income.

In 1848, Revans became prominent in the newly-formed Wellington Settlers' Constitutional Association, which advocated representative government. Revans' involvement was briefly interrupted by a sudden business venture—sailing to San Francisco with a cargo of timber and potatoes, which he hoped to sell to participants in the California gold rush. When this enterprise failed to meet with its expected success, Revans returned to New Zealand, where he and William Mein Smith had established a large station at Huangaroa, near modern Masterton, in Wairarapa.

When self-government for New Zealand was finally instituted, Revans stood in the first general election. He was successful, and represented the Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay electorate in the 1st New Zealand Parliament. In the 2nd New Zealand Parliament, he represented the Hutt electorate, but resigned in 1858. Politically, he generally supported Isaac Featherston, a prominent Wellingtonian politician, and opposed Edward Gibbon Wakefield and his son Edward Jerningham Wakefield. Revans was known for his then-radical views on many subjects, including a strong support for republicanism.

Samuel Revans died in relative obscurity in Greytown, Wairarapa at the age of approximately 80.

External links

* [ Brief biographical entry from "Dictionary of New Zealand Biography"]
* [ Biographical sketch from the 1966 "Encyclopedia of New Zealand"]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry Samuel Chapman — (21 July 1803 – 27 December 1881) was an Australian and New Zealand judge, colonial secretary, attorney general, journalist and politician. Early lifeChapman was born at Kensington, London, the son of Henry Chapman, English civil servant, and his …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick Revans Chapman — Sir Frederick Revans Chapman (23 October 1849 – 24 June 1936) was a New Zealand judge, the first New Zealand born Supreme Court judge. He was born at Wellington, the fifth son of Henry Samuel Chapman, then resident judge in Wellington. He was… …   Wikipedia

  • CHAPMAN, Henry Samuel (1803-1881) — judge and politician son of an English civil servant, was born at Kennington, London, on 21 July 1803 and was educated at Bromley, Kent. He first entered a bank but in 1823 emigrated to Canada and went into business there. In 1833 he started the… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • List of New Zealand by-elections — By elections in New Zealand occur to fill vacant seats in the New Zealand Parliament. The death, resignation, or expulsion of a sitting electorate MP can cause a by election. (Note that list MPs do not have geographic districts for the purpose of …   Wikipedia

  • Chatham Islands-Kolonisierung — Die Chatham Islands Kolonisierung war ein Plan interessierter Hamburger Kaufleute und Investoren, mit ausreisewilligen Siedlern eine deutsche Kolonie auf den Chatham Islands, gut 650 km südöstlich von Neuseelands Nordinsel gelegen, zu gründen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dillon Bell — For his son see Rt. Hon. Francis Bell (New Zealand Prime Minister) Sir Dillon Bell MLC Sir Dillon Bell ca 1881 3rd Colonial Treasurer …   Wikipedia

  • William Mein Smith — (1799 1869) was a key actor in the early settlement of New Zealand s capital city, Wellington. As the Surveyor General for the Wakefield s New Zealand Company at Port Nicholson from 1840 to 1843, he and his team surveyed the town of Wellington,… …   Wikipedia

  • Republicanism in New Zealand — is a movement to change the country s current status as a Commonwealth realm and constitutional monarchy to that of a Commonwealth republic. New Zealand public opinion is split between those who support the monarchy, and those who support a… …   Wikipedia

  • Terawhiti Station — is one of New Zealand s oldest and largest sheep stations, located along the south coast of Wellington. Terawhiti Station has seen a diverse range of land uses over the past 160 years. Originally a cattle station, Terawhiti grew into one of New… …   Wikipedia

  • Deutsche Colonisation-Gesellschaft — Die Deutsche Colonisation Gesellschaft war eine vermutlich am 15. Februar 1841 von Hamburger Kaufleuten und Investoren gegründete Gesellschaft, die sich zum Ziel gesetzt hatte, eine deutsche Kolonie auf den Chatham Islands, gut 650 km südöstlich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”