Hollesley Bay (HM Prison)

Hollesley Bay (HM Prison)

Infobox HM Prison
name = HMP Hollesley Bay


size =
caption =
opened = 1938
type = Adult Male/Category D
figures = 330 (January 2007)
location = Woodbridge, Suffolk
governor = Declan Moore
prisonid = 441

Hollesley Bay is a prison located near Woodbridge in the county of Suffolk in England and is used to house Category D prisoners.

Hollesley Bay began in 1887 as a colonial college training those intending to emigrate. The prison had housed a labour colony for the London unemployed. The land was originally purchased by Joseph Fels, an American soap-manufacturing millionaire and friend of George Lansbury, the prominent Christian Socialist who was also a leading member of the Poplar Board of Guardians. In 1905 Fels transferred the land to the London Unemployed Fund, who in turn handed it over to the Central Unemployed Body for London. Subsequently it was taken over by London County Council.

There was a number of similar labour colonies across Britain. Their aim was to train unemployed people for work, with a view to helping them escape pauperism. Hollesley Bay was typical in that it mainly involved exposing its inmates to a period of work either on agricultural tasks or in the kitchens and other relatively unskilled activities. There was a short-lived strike among the inmates in May 1922, partly sparked by dissatisfaction over the inmates' levels of pay. It was said to hold around 280 men in 1923, rising to 366 in the late 1920s, and falling to around 200 in 1934. London County Council decided to dispose of the site in 1938.

In 1938 the Prison Commission purchased the site for use as a Borstal. A major expansion to place in 1982 with the opening of Warren Hill a 285 place secure unit. In 1983 Hollesley Bay became a Youth Custody Centre this replaced the borstal system. This in turn was repaced by Young Offenders Institution in 1988. In 2002, the old borstal site became mainly for the use of minimum security adult offenders.

Hollesley Bay gained wide but brief international attention in July 2003 when Jeffrey Archer was released from the prison after completing half of his four year sentence for perjury and perverting the course of justice. The Seven Deadly Sins - a rock band based at the prison - issued a tribute single to coincide with Archer's release.

Hollesley Bay was the largest prison farm in the British prison system. The Prison farm was sold in 2006. The Prison service retains only a small land holding.

The prison has been criticised for the apparently large number of escapes [cite web|url=http://www.theyworkforyou.com/wrans/?id=2007-12-06b.169091.h|title=Hollesley Bay Prison: Prisoners Escape|date=6 December 2007|accessdate=2008-04-17] , which has led to the nickname Holiday Bay [cite news|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2002/oct/18/ukcrime.archer|date=18 October 2002|title=Archer moved to open jail in 'Holiday Bay'|publisher=The Gaurdian|author=Alan Travis|accessdate=2008-04-17]

References

* Field, J. Learning Through Labour: Training, unemployment and the state, 1890-1939, University of Leeds, 1992, ISBN 0-900-960-48-5

External links

* [http://www.hmprisonservice.gov.uk/prisoninformation/locateaprison/prison.asp?id=441,15,2,15,441,0|Hollesley Bay] HM Prison website.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hollesley Bay — may refer to:* Hollesley Bay (HM Prison), near Woodbridge, Suffolk * HMS Hollesley Bay (K614) a Bay class anti aircraft frigate of the British Royal Navy …   Wikipedia

  • Chelmsford (HM Prison) — HMP Chelmsford Opened 1830 Management HM Prison Service Prison type Adult Male/Young Offenders Institution Prisoner figures 695 (December 2007) Location Chelmsford, Essex …   Wikipedia

  • The Mount (HM Prison) — HMP The Mount Opened 1987 Management HM Prison Service Prison type Adult Male/Category C Prisoner figures 720 (January 2007) Location Bovingdon, Hertfordshire …   Wikipedia

  • Norwich (HM Prison) — HMP Norwich Opened 1887 Management HM Prison Service Prison type Adult Males/Juveniles Prison …   Wikipedia

  • A Prison Diary — is a series of three books of diaries written by Jeffrey Archer during his time in prisons following his convictions for perjury and perverting the course of justice.Each volume is named after the parts of Dante s The Divine Comedy. The volumes… …   Wikipedia

  • Norman Cross — Plan of Norman Cross barracks and prison in 1813 Norman Cross lies near Peterborough, Cambridgeshire. Traditionally in Huntingdonshire, it gave its name to a hundred and, from 1894 to 1974, Norman Cross Rural District. It was the site of the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of prisons in the United Kingdom — lists all current and a number of historical prisons in the United Kingdom.Prison services* England and Wales – Her Majesty s Prison Service * Scotland – Scottish Prison Service * Northern Ireland – Northern Ireland Prison… …   Wikipedia

  • Jeffrey Archer — Infobox MP honorific prefix = name = Lord Archer of Weston super Mare honorific suffix = caption = constituency MP = Louth (Lincolnshire) parliament = majority = term start = 8 December 1969 term end = 10 October 1974 predecessor = Cyril Osborne… …   Wikipedia

  • Brendan Behan — Infobox Writer name = Brendan Francis Behan imagesize = 150px caption = Brendan Behan with Jackie Gleason pseudonym = birthname = birthdate = birth date|1923|2|9|mf=y birthplace = Dublin deathdate = death date and age|1964|3|20|1923|2|9|mf=y… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Carroll (lottery winner) — For other individuals of this same name, see Michael Carroll (disambiguation). Michael Carroll (born 29 March 1983), born in Swaffham, Norfolk, UK, is a former binman who won £9.7 million[1] (then US$15.4m) on the National Lottery in November… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”