**Discrete choice** — In economics, discrete choice problems involve choices between two or more discrete alternatives, such as entering or not entering the labor market, or choosing between modes of transport. Such choices contrast with standard consumption models in … Wikipedia

**performing arts** — arts or skills that require public performance, as acting, singing, or dancing. [1945 50] * * * ▪ 2009 Introduction Music Classical. The last vestiges of the Cold War seemed to thaw for a moment on Feb. 26, 2008, when the unfamiliar strains … Universalium

**Discrete Fourier transform** — Fourier transforms Continuous Fourier transform Fourier series Discrete Fourier transform Discrete time Fourier transform Related transforms In mathematics, the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) is a specific kind of discrete transform, used in… … Wikipedia

**Trace (linear algebra)** — In linear algebra, the trace of an n by n square matrix A is defined to be the sum of the elements on the main diagonal (the diagonal from the upper left to the lower right) of A, i.e., where aii represents the entry on the ith row and ith column … Wikipedia

**CMA-ES** — stands for Covariance Matrix Adaptation Evolution Strategy. Evolution strategies (ES) are stochastic, derivative free methods for numerical optimization of non linear or non convex continuous optimization problems. They belong to the class of… … Wikipedia

**Normal distribution** — This article is about the univariate normal distribution. For normally distributed vectors, see Multivariate normal distribution. Probability density function The red line is the standard normal distribution Cumulative distribution function … Wikipedia

**Uniform distribution (continuous)** — Uniform Probability density function Using maximum convention Cumulative distribution function … Wikipedia

**Jewish philosophy** — Jewish theology redirects here. Philosophy and Kabbalah are two common approaches to Jewish theology Part of a series on … Wikipedia

**Smooth function** — A bump function is a smooth function with compact support. In mathematical analysis, a differentiability class is a classification of functions according to the properties of their derivatives. Higher order differentiability classes correspond to … Wikipedia

**Nonlinear dimensionality reduction** — High dimensional data, meaning data that requires more than two or three dimensions to represent, can be difficult to interpret. One approach to simplification is to assume that the data of interest lies on an embedded non linear manifold within… … Wikipedia

**Mosque** — A modern style mosque built on water in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia … Wikipedia