Shringeri

Shringeri

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Sringeri
type = taluk
locator_position = right
latd=13.42 |longd=75.25 |altitude=672
state_name = Karnataka
district = Chikmagalur
leader_title = MLA
leader_name = D. N. Jeevaraj
population_total = 4253
population_as_of = 2001
population_city =
population_rank =
population_density =
area_magnitude =
area_total =
area_telephone = 08265
postal_code = 577139
vehicle_code_range = KA-18
footnotes =

Sringeri (Kannada: ಶೃಂಗೇರಿ), also written as Shringeri, Śŗngeri and Śŗngagiri is a taluk located in Chikmagalur district in the Indian state of Karnataka, is the site of the first maţha established by Adi Shankaracharya, Hindu theologian and exponent of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy, in the 8th century C.E. It is located on the banks of the river Tungā.

Origin of the name

The name Sringeri is derived from Rishyashringa-giri, a nearby hill that is believed to have contained the hermitage of Rishi Vibhandaka and his son Rishyashringa. Rishyashringa appears in an episode in the Bala-Kanda of the Ramayana where a story, narrated by Vasishtha, relates how he brought rains to the drought-stricken kingdom of Romapada. [cite web |url=http://www.sringeri.net/history/legend_of_rishyashringa.php|title=The legend of Rishyasringa|accessdate= 2006-11-07|author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher=Sringeri Sharada Peeta |pages= |language=|archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ]

Legend

According to legend, Adi Shankaracharya is said to have selected the site as the place to stay and teach his disciples, because when he was walking by the Tunga river, he saw a cobra with a raised hood, providing shelter from the hot sun, to a frog about to spawn. Impressed with the place where natural enemies had gone beyond their instincts, he stayed here for twelve years. Adi Shankaracharya also established mathas in the northern (at Jyotirmath, near Badrinath), eastern (at Puri) and western (at Dwaraka) quarters of India.

Geography

Sringeri is located at coord|13.42|N|75.25|E| [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/19/Sringeri.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sringeri] ] . It has an average elevation of 672 metres (2204 ft).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census [GR|India] , Sringeri had a population of 4253. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Sringeri has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 79%. In Sringeri, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Places of interest

Sringeri is home to a number of historic temples. Of these, Sri Sharadamba temple andSri Vidyashankara temple are very prominent.

haradamba Temple

The Sharada temple, dedicated to the Goddess of learning and wisdom, has grown from a simple shrine dating to the time of Adi Shankaracharya. In the fourteenth century, Vidyaranya is said to have replaced the old sandalwood image with a stone and gold image. The temple structure itself continued to be made of wood till the early 20th century. After an unexpected fire that damaged the structure, the current structure was built in the traditional south Indian style of temple architecture. [cite web |url=http://www.sringeri.net/temples/sharadamba.php|title=Sri Sharadamba Temple|accessdate= 2006-11-07|author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher=Sringeri Sharada Peeta |pages= |language=|archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ]

Vidyashankara Temple

The Vidyashankara temple was built in commemoration of the pontiff Vidyashankara, around 1357-58 C.E.. It was built by Vidyaranya, patron-saint of Harihara and Bukka, the brothers who founded the Vijayanagara empire. The niches in the temple have a number of sculptures from Hindu, Buddhist and Jain mythologies. Inscriptions in the temple record contributions made by several Vijayanagara emperors, but the temple was probably built on an earlier Hoysala site, as it combines Hoysala and Vijayanagara architectural features. The temple architecture is also an exhibition of the astronomical expertise of medieval south Indian temple builders. The main temple hall features 12 pillars designated for the 12 signs of the zodiac. Windows and doors along the temple walls are arranged such that equinoxes sunrise views reach the deity. The northern and southern gates enable the surise view from the hall during solstices. [cite web |url=http://www.sringeri.net/temples/vidyashankara.php|title=Sri Vidyashankara Temple|accessdate= 2006-11-07|author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher=Sringeri Sharada Peeta |pages= |language=|archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ] [ cite web |url=http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/mar252007/846.pdf|title=Zodiacal pillars of Sringeri|accessdate= 2006-03-25|author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= Current Science|publisher= Indian Academy of Sciences |pages= |language= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ] [ cite web |url=http://www.indiantemples.com/Karnataka/sringeri.html|title=Vidyashankara Temple|accessdate= 2006-11-07|author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher=Indiantemples.com |pages= |language=|archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ]

ringeri Sharada Peeta

The matha at Sringeri is known as Sringeri Sharada Peetham. It is one of the four Hindu Advaita maths established by Adi Shankaracharya. It is also referred to as "Dakshinamnaya Sringeri Sharada peetam". Following the tradition initiated by Adi Shankaracharya, the maţha is incharge of the Yajur Veda (the Krishna (Black) Yajurveda is more prevalent in South India, over which the maţha has authority in the Smarta tradition).The head of the matha is called Jagadguru (teacher of the world) and also carries the Shankaracharya name as a title. The present Sringeri Shankaracharya is Shri Bharati Tirtha.

Places of interest near Sringeri

There are a number of prominent Hindu centers of pilgrimage near Shringeri. Some of the major ones include, Horanadu Annapoorneshari Temple,
Hariharapura,Kigga (Rishyashringa Temple), Agumbe (Venugopalaswami Temple and Sunset Spot) , Kalasa ( Kalaseshwara Temple), Balehonnur - Rambapuri Matha, Koppa (Veerebhdra swamy and Chittemakki Mallikarjuna Swamy temple).Udupi famous for Krishna matha is three hour journey by road.

Where to Stay

* Sringeri has guest houses run by the temple administration. Visit [http://www.sringeri.net/ Sringeri Mutt web site] for details. And also there are many private lodges.

Best time to visit

* Since sringeri is a typical malnad region the best time to visit sringeri is between October to March.The nearest airport to Sringeri is Mangalore International Airport.

References

External links

*
* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/19/Sringeri.html Satellite maps and Weather data on Sringeri]
* [http://www.bangalorepedia.org Bangalore city wiki project]
* [http://sites.google.com/site/shankarasringeri Shankara Sringeri]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shringeri — Templo de Vidia Shankará. El famoso centro religioso de Sringeri, (Shringeri, Śŗngeri, Śŗngagiri, Ŗshyaśŗnga giri), está localizado en el distrito de Chikmagalur en el estado indio de Karnataka, es el sitio de primer matha establecido por Adi… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shringeri Sharadamba temple — Infobox Mandir creator = proper name = Shringeri Sri Sharadamba temple date built = primary deity = Sharada (Saraswati) architecture = South Indian, Kovil location = ShringeriSri Sharadamba temple is a famous Hindu dedicated to goddess Saraswati… …   Wikipedia

  • Parijnanashram I — Infobox Hindu leader name=Swami Parijnanashram I birth date= Unknown birth place= birth name= death date= 1720 (Krishna Chaturdashi day of Chaitra Month) death place= Gokarn guru= Lord Bhavanishankar philosophy= Shaivism,Dharma as path to Moksha… …   Wikipedia

  • Karnataka — This article is about the Indian state. For the progressive rock music group, see Karnataka (band). Karnataka ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ    …   Wikipedia

  • Koodli — is a small town in Shimoga District, in the Indian state of Karnataka.Koodli is the place where two rivers, the Tunga River and Bhadra River, meet to give rise to the Tungabhadra River. Significance An exquisite view of the Sangama makes the… …   Wikipedia

  • Mookambika — Inside view of the Kollur Mookambika temple The Mookambika Devi Temple (Kannada: ಮೂಕಾಂಬಿಕಾ ದೇವಿ) of Kollur, dedicated to Mookambika Devi, is one of the most prominent shrines for people in the state of Karnataka and Kerala, India. Located at a… …   Wikipedia

  • Nellitheertha Cave Temple — The Nellitheertha Cave Temple entrance Nellitheertha Cave Temple (Tulu: ನೆಲ್ಲಿ ತೀರ್ಥ ಗುಹಾಲಯ) in Nellitheertha, Karnataka, India is dedicated to the Indian deity Sri Somanatheshwara, or Shiva. The temple dates back to at least 1487 CE.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Narasimha Saraswati — (1378−1458) नरसिहसरस्वती is the Purna Avatar of Dattatreya(As per Shripad Shrivallabha Charitra he is second avatar of Dattatreya).He was born in Karanjapur which is modern Lad Karanja or karanja in Maharashtra Vidbaraba region. Shri Narasimha… …   Wikipedia

  • Murudeshwara —   town   World s second tallest statue of Lord Shiva …   Wikipedia

  • Dharmasthala Manjunatha Temple — The Entrance of Dharmasthala Manjunatha Temple …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”