:"For the Christian Saint, please see
Acts of Xanthippe, Polyxena, and Rebecca"
Polyxena (pronEng|pəˈlɪksɪnə) was known to be a beautiful Trojan
princessfrom Greek mythology. She is the youngest daughter of King Priamof Troy and his queen, Hecuba. She is considered the Trojan version of Iphigenia, daughter of Agamemnonand Clytemnestra. Polyxena is not in Homer's " Iliad", appearing in works by later poets, perhaps to add romance to Homer's austere tale. An oracleprophesied that Troy would not be defeated if her brother, Prince Troilus, reached the age of twenty. During the Trojan War, Polyxena and Troilus were ambushed when they were attempting to fetch water from a fountain, and Troilus was killed by the Greek warrior Achilles, who soon become interested in the quiet sage of Polyxena. Achilles, still recovering from Patroclus' death, found Polyxena's words a comfort and was later told to go to the temple of Apolloto meet her after her devotions. Achilles seemed to genuinely trust Polyxena--he told her of his only vulnerability: his vulnerable heel. It was later in the temple of Apollothat Polyxena's brothers, Paris and Deiphobus, ambushed Achilles and shot him in the heel with an arrow that had been steeped in poison, supposedly guided by the hand of Apollohimself.
Some claimed Polyxena committed
suicideafter Achilles' death out of guilt. According to Euripides, however, in his plays " The Trojan Women" and "Hecuba", Polyxena's famous death was caused at the end of the Trojan War. Achilles' ghost had come back to the Greeks, demanding that the wind needed to set sail back to Hellas was to be appeased by the human sacrifice of Polyxena. She was to be killed at the foot of Achilles' grave. Polyxena's virginitywas critical to the honor of her character, and she is described as dying bravely as the son of Achilles, Neoptolemus, slit her throat: she arranged her clothing around her carefully so that she was fully covered when she died.
*Servius. "In Aeneida", iii.321.
*Seneca. "Troades", 1117-1161.
*Ovid. "Metamorphoses", xiii.441-480.
* [http://www.pantheon.org/articles/p/polyxena.html Polyxena] on
* [http://www.stanford.edu/~plomio/polyxena.html Article on Polyxena] from
* [http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=694 The Sacrifice of Polyxena] — A painting by Giovanni Battista Pittoni (from the
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.