Stobaeus

Stobaeus

Joannes Stobaeus (Greek: Στοβαῖος), so called from his native place Stobi in North Macedonia (Roman province), was the compiler of a valuable series of extracts from Greek authors.

Biography and works

Of his life nothing is known, but he probably lived during the latter half of the 5th century AD. From his silence in regard to Christian thinkers, scholars deduce that he was probably not a Christian.

The extracts were intended by Stobaeus for his son Septimius, and were preceded by a letter briefly explaining the purpose of the work and giving a summary of the contents. From this summary (preserved in Photius's "Bibliotheca") we learn that Stobaeus divided his work into four books and two volumes. In most of our manuscripts the work is divided into three books, of which the first and second are generally called Physical and Moral Extracts, and the third "Florilegium" or "Sermones".

The introduction to the whole work, treating of the value of philosophy and of philosophical sects, is lost, with the exception of the concluding portion; the second book is little more than a fragment, and the third and fourth books have been amalgamated by altering the original sections. From these and other indications it seems probable that the extant writing is only an epitome of the original work, made by an anonymous Byzantine writer of much later date.

The didactic aim of Stobaeus's work is apparent throughout. The first book teaches physics --in the wide sense the Greeks assigned to this term-- by means of extracts. It is often untrustworthy: Stobaeus betrays a tendency to confound the dogmas of the early Ionic philosophers, and he occasionally conflates Platonism with Pythagoreanism. For part of this book and much of book II he depended on the works of the peripatetic philosopher Aëtius and Didymus Chalcenterus. The third and fourth books, like the larger part of the second, treat of ethics; the third, of virtues and vices, in pairs; the fourth, of more general ethical and political subjects, frequently citing extracts to illustrate the pros and cons of a question in two successive chapters.

In all, Stobaeus quotes more than five hundred writers, generally beginning with the poets, and then proceeding to the historians, orators, philosophers and physicians. It is to him that we owe many of our most important fragments of the dramatists, particularly of Euripides. He also wrote several important fragments concerning Stoicism.

References

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stobaeus — Stobäus oder Stobaeus ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Georg Stobäus von Palmburg (1532–1618), katholischer Fürstbischof der Diözese Lavant Johannes Stobaios oder Stobaeus, Autor und Sammler antiker philosophischer Aufzeichnungen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stobaeus — Jean de Stobée Jean de Stobée, latinisé en Joannes Stobæus, natif de Stobi (Macédoine), est un doxographe et compilateur byzantin du Ve siècle de notre ère. Son anthologie nous a légué des fragments exclusifs de certains auteurs grecs, comme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • STOBAEUS Johannes — antiquus auctor, scripsit saeculi 4. ann. 5. sententias ex Graecorum thesautis delectas, item Eclogarum libros 2. quorum prior Physicas, posterior Ethicas complectitur. Ex veteribus autem neminem invenio, qui Stobaei mentionem, fecerit nisi quôd… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Joannes Stobaeus — Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit dem griechischen Autoren Johannes Stobaios. Für den gleichnamigen preußischen Komponisten siehe Johann Stobäus. Johannes Stobaios (griechisch Ἰωάννης Στοβαίος oder Στοβεύς, latinisiert Stobaeus) war ein Autor und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes Stobaeus — Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit dem griechischen Autoren Johannes Stobaios. Für den gleichnamigen preußischen Komponisten siehe Johann Stobäus. Johannes Stobaios (griechisch Ἰωάννης Στοβαίος oder Στοβεύς, latinisiert Stobaeus) war ein Autor und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kilian Stobaeus — (* 6. Februar 1690 in Vinslöv, Gemeinde Hässleholm; † 17. Februar 1742) war ein schwedischer Arzt und Naturwissenschaftler. Leben und Wirken Kilian Stobæus studierte ab 1709 an der Universität Lund und promovierte dort 1721 zum Doktor der Medizin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Stobaeus — Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit dem preußischen Komponisten Johann Stobäus. Für den gleichnamigen griechischen Autoren siehe Johannes Stobaios. Johann Stobäus Johann Stobäus (* 6. Juli 1580 in Graudenz; † 11. September 1646 in Königsberg) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kilian Stobaeus — Kilian Stobæus Buste de Kilian Stobæus Kilian Stobæus, dit l ancien pour le distinguer de son petit cousin l obstétricien Kilian Stobæus le jeune (1717 1792), est un médecin et naturaliste suédois, né à Vinslöv (province de Scanie) le 6 février… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bibliotheca Teubneriana — Stobaeus Die Bibliotheca Teubneriana, mit vollem Titel: Bibliotheca scriptorum Graecorum et Romanorum Teubneriana (lat. „Teubners Bibliothek griechischer und lateinischer Schriftsteller“) ist eine 1849 begründete Reihe wissenschaftlicher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • СТОБЕЙ —    • Stobaeus,          Ίωάννης Στοβαι̃ος, из Стоб, города Македонии, жил, вероятно, от 450 до 500 г. от Р. X. Известен своим сборником извлечений из авторов, составленным им для своего сына Септимием и свидетельствующим о его громадном… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”