The "shang" (Tibetan: "gchang") is a flat ritual upturned
handbellemployed by Bönpo and Asian shamans. The sizes of the "shang" range from approximately 3 to 20 inches in diameter. It is traditionally held to have originated in Zhangzhung and is symbolically similar to the tantric "dril-bhu". "Shang" are traditionally consecrated and made of sophisticated metallic alloy. The Bönpo or shaman may use this instrument as a tool to 'caste' or 'throw' thoughts. The shang may also be used to receive information from the æther.
The "shang" is often used in rites in conjunction with the "
phurba" and " namkha". The "shang" consists of three principal parts: the flat bell part proper; the gankyilwhich is the centre piece that holds the knocker; and the knocker or striker proper, which is often made of animal horn.
Iron in mythology
Jansen, Eva Rudy(1990). "Singing bowls: a practical handbook of instruction and use". Holland: Binkey Kok Publications. ISBN 907-4597-017
* Müller-Ebeling, Claudia and
Christian Rätschand Surendra Bahadur Shahi(2002). "Shamanism and Tantra in the Himalayas". Translated by Annabel Lee. Rochester, Vt.: Inner Traditions.
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