Jewel Box

Jewel Box

"This article is about the star cluster. For other meanings see Jewel box."

Cluster
name = Jewel Box


caption = NGC 4755 on DSS2 all sky survey, 0.6° view
credit = Anglo-Australian Observatory/STScI/WikiSky
epoch = J2000
class =
ra = RA|12|53|42cite web
title=SIMBAD Astronomical Database
work=Results for NGC 4755
url=http://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/Simbad
accessdate=2006-12-14
]
dec = DEC|-60|22.0
dist_ly = 6.4 klycite web
title=WEBDA Open cluster
work=Results for NGC 4755
url=http://www.univie.ac.at/webda/cgi-bin/ocl_page.cgi?dirname=ngc4755
accessdate=2007-01-12
]
dist_pc = 1.98 kpc
appmag_v =
size_v =
mass_kg =
mass_msol = -
radius_ly = -
v_hb = -
age = -
constellation = Crux
notes = -
names = NGC 4755, Herschel's Jewel Box,
Kappa Crucis Cluster

The Jewel Box (also known as NGC 4755 or Kappa Crucis Cluster) is an open cluster in the Crux constellation. As Kappa Crucis, it has a Bayer designation despite the fact that it is a cluster rather than an individual star.

It was one of the finest open clusters discovered by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille when he was in South Africa during 1751–1752. This cluster is one of the youngest known, with an estimated age of only 7.1 million years. It has an apparent magnitude of 4.2, and is located 6,440 light years from Earth and contains around 100 stars.

This famous group of young bright stars was named the Jewel Box from its description by Sir John Herschel as 'a casket of variously coloured precious stones', which refers to its appearance in the telescope. The bright orange star is Kappa Crucis, and it contrasts strongly against its predominantly blue, hot companions. Kappa Crucis is a very large, (hence very luminous) quite young star in its red supergiant stage, which paradoxically indicates that its life is drawing to a close. The cluster looks like a star to the unaided eye and appears close to the eastern-most star of the Southern Cross (Beta Crucis), so is only visible from southern latitudes.

External links

* [http://www.seds.org/messier/xtra/ngc/n4755.html A Copyright Anglo-Australian Observatory Image of NGC 4755]
*WikiSky|name=The Jewel Box

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Jewel Box —   [dt. »Juwelenschachtel«], Synonym für Jewel Case …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • jewel box — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms jewel box : singular jewel box plural jewel boxes a clear plastic case that opens like a book and is designed to hold a CD or cd rom …   English dictionary

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  • jewel box — noun Date: 1727 1. a small box or case designed to hold jewelry 2. something (as a theater) of exquisite or ornate design 3. a thin plastic case for a CD or DVD called also jewel case …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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