- Juan Vucetich
Juan Vucetich (
July 20, 1858– January 25, 1925) was a Croatian-born Argentine anthropologistand policeofficial who pioneered the use of fingerprinting.
Vucetich was born as Ivan Vučetić at
Hvarin Dalmatia(then Habsburg Monarchy, now Croatia). In 1882 he emigrated to Argentina.
In 1891 Vucetich began the first filing of fingerprints based on ideas of
Francis Galtonwhich he expanded significantly. He became the director of the Center for Dactyloscopyin Buenos Aires. At the time, he included the Bertillon system alongside the fingerprint files.
In 1892 Vucetich made the first positive identification of a criminal in a case where
Francisca Rojashad killed her two sons and then cut her throat, trying to put the blame on the outside attacker. A bloody print identified her as the killer.
Argentine police adopted Vucetich's method of fingerprinting classification and it spread to police forces all over the world. Vucetich improved his method with new material and in 1904 published "Dactiloscopía Comparada" ("Comparative Dactyloscopy"). He traveled to India and China and attended scientific conferences to gather more data.
Juan Vucetich died in
Dolores, Buenos Aires. In his honor, the La Platapolice academy has been named "Escuela de Policia "Juan Vucetich" (Juan Vucetich Police Academy), and an eponymous museum was also founded. The police Center for Forensics Examinations (Centar za kriminalistička vještačenja "Ivan Vučetić") in Zagreb, Croatiais also named after him. The Croatian city of Pulahas a memorial marker to Vucetich, owing to his service there while in the Austro-Hungarian Navy. [ [http://regionalexpress.hr/site/more/otkrivano-spomen-obiljeje-ivanu-vuetiu/ Memorial marker to Ivan Vučetić unveiled] ]
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