Infobox Former Subdivision
conventional_long_name = Alsó-Fehér County
common_name = Alsó-Fehér
subdivision = County
nation = the
Kingdom of Hungary
year_start = 1876
event_end = Treaty of Trianon
year_end = 1920
date_end = June 4
capital = Nagyenyed
stat_area1 = 3646
stat_pop1 = 221600
stat_year1 = 1910
Aiudis the current name of the capital.
Alsó-Fehér is the name of a historic administrative county (
comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is presently in western Romania(central Transylvania). The capital of the county was Aiud(Romanian, "Nagyenyed" in Hungarian).
Alsó-Fehér county shared borders with the Hungarian counties
Hunyad, Torda-Aranyos, Kis-Küküllő, Nagy-Küküllő, and Szeben. The rivers Mureş/Maros and Târnava/Küküllő flow through the county. Its area was 3580 km² around 1910.
Alsó-Fehér (Lower Fehér) county was formed when the county
Fehérwas split in the Late Middle Ages. (The other half, Felső-Fehér county, consisted entirely of enclaves between Saxon and Székely "seats".) In 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvaniawas changed, the territory of Alsó-Fehér was modified, and Felső-Fehér county was entirely abolished and merged with other counties. In 1920 the Treaty of Trianonassigned the territory of the county to Romania. Its territory lies in the present Romanian counties of Alba, Sibiu (the south-east) and Mureş (a small northeastern part).
In 1910, county had a population of 221,618 people. Population by language:
*Romanian = 171,483
*Hungarian = 39,107
*German = 7,269
The majority of the Hungarians lived in the cities of the county (like Alba Iulia, Aiud, Abrud, Ocna Sibiului, etc.) and in the districts of Marosújvár and Nagyenyed.
In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Alsó-Fehér county were:
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