Alsó-Fehér

Alsó-Fehér

Infobox Former Subdivision
native_name =
conventional_long_name = Alsó-Fehér County
common_name = Alsó-Fehér
subdivision = County
nation = the Kingdom of Hungary
p1 =
s1 =
year_start = 1876
event_end = Treaty of Trianon
year_end = 1920
date_end = June 4





capital = Nagyenyed
stat_area1 = 3646
stat_pop1 = 221600
stat_year1 = 1910
today = Romania
footnotes = Aiud is the current name of the capital.

Alsó-Fehér is the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is presently in western Romania (central Transylvania). The capital of the county was Aiud (Romanian, "Nagyenyed" in Hungarian).

Geography

Alsó-Fehér county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Hunyad, Torda-Aranyos, Kis-Küküllő, Nagy-Küküllő, and Szeben. The rivers Mureş/Maros and Târnava/Küküllő flow through the county. Its area was 3580 km² around 1910.

History

Alsó-Fehér (Lower Fehér) county was formed when the county Fehér was split in the Late Middle Ages. (The other half, Felső-Fehér county, consisted entirely of enclaves between Saxon and Székely "seats".) In 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed, the territory of Alsó-Fehér was modified, and Felső-Fehér county was entirely abolished and merged with other counties. In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon assigned the territory of the county to Romania. Its territory lies in the present Romanian counties of Alba, Sibiu (the south-east) and Mureş (a small northeastern part).

Demographics

In 1910, county had a population of 221,618 people. Population by language:
*Romanian = 171,483
*Hungarian = 39,107
*German = 7,269

The majority of the Hungarians lived in the cities of the county (like Alba Iulia, Aiud, Abrud, Ocna Sibiului, etc.) and in the districts of Marosújvár and Nagyenyed.

ubdivisions

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Alsó-Fehér county were:


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