The Tevaram (Tamil: தேவாரம் "Teva" means "God", "aram" means "garland" [cite web
title=Classical Notes: Musical people
publisher=The Hindu
] ) denotes the first seven volumes of the "Tirumurai", the twelve-volume collection of Tamil Saivite devotional poetry. All seven volumes are dedicated to the works of the three most prominent Tamil poets (known as "Nayanars") - Campantar (or "Sambanthar" etc.), Appar and Cuntarar (also "Sundarar" etc.). The first two of these are believed to have lived around the 7th century AD, the last in the 9th century AD. During the Pallava period these three travelled extensively around Tamil Nadu offering discourses and songs characterised by an emotional devotion to Shiva and objections to Vaishnavism, Jainism and Buddhism. [cite book|title=Social and Cultural History of Tamilnad (to AD 1336)|author=N.Subramaniam|publisher=Ennes Publication Udumalpet 642 128 |year 1975|p 277] .

In the tenth Century AD, during the reign of Rajaraja Chola I, a collection of these songs was found abandoned in the Chidambaram temple, along with other religious literary works, and collated by Nambiyandar Nambi.

All the songs in the Tevaram (called "pathikam" in Tamil) are believed to be in sets of ten. The hymns were set to music denoted by "Panns" and are part of the canon of the Tamil music. They continue to be part of temple liturgy today. [cite web
] [cite web
title=Abodes of Shiva


External links

*cite encyclopedia | ency=Encyclopædia Britannica | edition=15 | year=2005 | article= [ Carnatic music]
* [ Similar in both spirit and intonation]
* [ Classical Notes: Musical people]
* [ The Authenticity of Sthala Puranas (HinduDharma: Puranas)]
* [ The poetic charm of Tamizh isai]
* [ Tevaram Songs]
* [ Dharmapuram Adhinam's web site giving the transliteration / translation of the 12 Tirumurais]
* [ Digital Tevaram, an Indology CD released by the French Institute of Pondicherry, has the English translation of all Tevarams (1 to 7 Tirumurais)]
* [ Sample translations from the Digital Tevaram CD issued by the French Institute of Pondicherry]

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