- Humeroradial joint
Name = Humeroradial joint
Latin = articulatio humeroradialis
GraySubject = 84
GrayPage = 321
Caption = Left elbow-joint, showing anterior and ulnar collateral ligaments.
DorlandsPre = a_64
DorlandsSuf = 12161255
The humeroradial joint, the joint between the
head of the radiusand the capitulum of the humerus, is an arthrodialjoint.
The bony surfaces would of themselves constitute an
enarthrosisand allow movement in all directions, were it not for the annular ligament, by which the head of the radius is bound to the radial notch of the ulna, and which prevents any separation of the two bones laterally.
It is to the same ligament that the head of the radius owes its security from dislocation, which would otherwise tend to occur, from the shallowness of the cup-like surface on the head of the radius.
In fact, but for this ligament, the tendon of the
Biceps brachiiwould be liable to pull the head of the radius out of the joint.
The head of the radius is not in complete contact with the capitulum of the humerus in all positions of the joint.
capitulumoccupies only the anterior and inferior surfaces of the lower end of the humerus, so that in complete extension a part of the radial head can be plainly felt projecting at the back of the articulation.
In full flexion the movement of the radial head is hampered by the compression of the surrounding soft parts, so that the freest rotatory movement of the radius on the humerus (pronation and supination) takes place in semiflexion, in which position the two articular surfaces are in most intimate contact.
Flexion and extension of the elbow-joint are limited by the tension of the structures on the front and back of the joint; the limitation of flexion is also aided by the soft structures of the arm and forearm coming into contact.
* - "Joints of the Upper Extremity: Elbow joint"
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