Infobox Ort in Deutschland
Art = Stadt
image_photo = Schloss Hartenfels Torgau Innenhof.jpg
Wappen = Torgauer Wappen.png
lat_deg = 51 |lat_min = 33 |lat_sec = 37
lon_deg = 13 |lon_min = 0 |lon_sec = 20
Bundesland = Sachsen
Regierungsbezirk = Leipzig
Landkreis = Nordsachsen
Verwaltungsgemeinschaft = Torgau
Höhe = 78
Fläche = 42.08
Einwohner = 18340
Stand = 2006-12-31
PLZ = 04860
PLZ-alt = 7290
Vorwahl = 03421
Kfz = TO
Gemeindeschlüssel = 14 3 89 320
Gliederung = 4
Straße = Markt 1
Website = [http://www.torgau.de/ www.torgau.de]
Bürgermeister = Andrea Staude
Partei = SPD
Torgau is a
townon the banks of the Elbein northwestern Saxony, Germany. It is the capital of the district Nordsachsen.
Outside Germany, the town is most well-known as the place where during the
Second World War, United States Armyforces coming from the west met with forces of the Soviet Unioncoming from the east during the invasion of Germany on April 25, 1945. This marked the beginning of the line of contactbetween Soviet and American forces, but not the finalized occupation zones. In fact the area surrounding Torgau initially occupied by U.S. forces was later, in July 1945, given over to Soviet forces in compliance with the Yalta agreement.
According to journalist
Andy Rooney, who was a correspondent in Europe at the time, the Red Armyraided the Hohner accordionand harmonicafactory at Torgau at the time. There was nothing surprising about that, Rooney said; armies have been plundering civilian property for ages. What was surprising was that half of the soldiers in the Red Army seemed to know how to play a musical instrument. There was a woman, a singer, who had been held prisoner at Torgau during the war, Rooney said, and the Russians freed her. She gave an impromptu concert in the town square, and the sound of her voice rising above the combined accordions and harmonicas playing in unison was something one would never forget.
Sights include the historic town centre, restored since the unification, a brewery museum, the monument for the meeting of the Russian and American troops on the
Elbeand a Russian military cemetery. The early Renaissance Hartenfels castle dominates the town. The chapel was built in 1544(designed by Nickel Gromann) and combines late Gothic with early Renaissanceelements. It was consecrated by Martin Lutheron October 5, 1544. Brown bears are still kept in the moat.
The settlement goes back to a Slavonic settlement named Turguo in the shire of
Neletici. There was presumably a wooden Slavonic castle located under the present-day Hartenstein castle. In the 10th century if fell under the rule of the Holy Roman Emperors, a castle and a settlement were built. A market is attested in 1119AD. The town was located on the important trade-road between Leipzigand Frankfurt (Oder)that crossed the river Elbe at a ford east of Torgau.
Torgau belonged to the duchy of
Saxony-Wittenberg. After the last Ascanianduke died without issue in 1423, the Electorate passed to the Wettin-dynasty and Torgau became residency. Following the Leipzig partition in 1485, Torgau fell to the Ernestineline. The court resided mainly in Weimarand in Torgau. From 1525 onwards, Torgau became the sole residence. After the Battle of Mühlbergin 1547, Torgau fell to the Albertineline.
Reformation, the town council closed all cloisters in 1523. Citizens of Torgau destroyed the paintings and statues of Saints in the Churches and stormed the Franciscan monastery. After Luther had driven Andreas Karlstadt(Bodenstein) from Saxony in 1524, he enforced the expulsion of Karlstadt's followers in Torgau in 1529. Katharina von Bora, the wife of Martin Lutheris buried in St. Marien, Torgau. The Torgauer Artikel, a draft of the ' Augsburg Confession' was composed by Luther, Melanchthon, Bugenhagen and Jonas in the electoral superindenture in 1530 (Wintergrün).
* [http://archives.cbc.ca/war_conflict/second_world_war/topics/1669-11552/ CBC Archives] CBC Radio reports on the Russian and American meeting at Torgau on May 1st 1945.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.