Narco Analysis

Narco Analysis

Narco Analysis Test or Narco Test: This refers to the practice of administering barbiturates or certain other chemical substances, most often Pentothal Sodium, to lower a subject's inhibitions, in the hope that the subject will more freely share information and feelings. The term Narco Analysis was coined by Horseley. Narco analysis first reached the mainstream in 1922, when Robert House, a Texas obstetrician used the drug scopolamine on two prisoners. Since then narco testing has become largely discredited in most democratic states, including the United States and Britain. There is a vast body of literature calling into question its ability to yield legal truth. Additionally, narcoanalysis has serious legal and ethical implications.

A person is able to lie by using his imagination. In the Narco Analysis Test, the subject's inhibitions are lowered by interfering with his nervous system at the molecular level. In this state, it becomes difficult though not impossible for him to lie. In such sleep-like state efforts are made to obtain "probative truth" about the crime. Experts inject a subject with hypnotics like Sodium Pentothal or Sodium Amytal under the controlled circumstances of the laboratory. The dose is dependent on the person's sex, age, health and physical condition.The subject which is put in a state of hypnotism is not in a position to speak up on his own but can answer specific but simple questions after giving some suggestions. This type of test is not always admissible in the law courts. It states that subjects under a semi-conscious state do not have the mind set to properly answer any questions, while some other courts openly accept them as evidence. Studies have shown that it is possible to lie under narcoanalysis and its reliability as an investigative tool is questioned in most countries. A few democratic countries, India most notably, still continue to use narcoanalysis, but the result of such test can not be used as evidence in the court of law since it violates fundamental right against self-incrimination (Article 20(3) of the constitution of India). This has come under increasing criticism from the public and the media in that country. In India, the Narco Analysis test is done by a team comprising of an anesthesiologist, a psychiatrist, a clinical/forensic psychologist, an audio-videographer, and supporting nursing staff. The forensic psychologist will prepare the report about the revelations, which will be accompanied by a compact disc of audio-video recordings. The strength of the revelations, if necessary, is further verified by subjecting the person to polygraph and brain mapping tests.

The test

Truth serum are drugs used in narco-analysis that cause a person to become uninhibited, but they do not guarantee the veracity of the subject’s statement. People who are under the influence of truth serums enter a hypnotic state and speak freely about anxieties or painful memories. The subject’s imagination is neutralised when semi-conscious, making it difficult for him/her to lie and his/her answers would be restricted to facts of which he/she is aware.

Reliability

Although inhibitions are generally reduced, people under the influence of truth serums are still able to lie and even tend to fantasize. It can be used for discovery, and to corroborate information with other facts.

Drugs administered

Sodium pentothal is an ultrashort-acting barbiturate, which sedates only for a few minutes. It slows down the heart rate, lowers blood pressure, and inhibits brain and spinal cord activity. Sodium amytal and Scopolamine are other drugs used. Some benzodiazepines have been used as truth agents; most notably, the Soviet Union used temazepam for this purpose.

Legal position

Such tests generally don’t have legal validity as confessions made by a semi-conscious person are not admissible in court. The court may, however, grant limited admissibility after considering the circumstances under which the test was obtained. In the main, these tests can only assist police investigations.

External links

* http://www.globetrotters.co.uk/bites/bite_485.html
* http://www.biopsychiatry.com/amobarbital.htm
* http://www.tehelka.com/story_main24.asp?filename=Ne123006Narcoanalysistest_CS.asp
* http://in.rediff.com/news/2007/jan/09spec.htm


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • NARCO-ANALYSE — Méthode de diagnostic et de traitement associant la prise d’un somnifère et l’analyse psychologique. L’idée de profiter de la sédation pour calmer l’angoisse et lever les défenses conscientes et inconscientes est ancienne, mais elle ne prit force …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Narco — may refer to: People involved in organized crime relating to narcotics Narco (film), 2004 French film Narco Analysis, practice of administering barbiturates or certain other chemical substances to lower a subject s inhibitions Nero Narcos,… …   Wikipedia

  • Research and Analysis Wing — Infobox Government agency agency name = Research and Analysis Wing nativename = nativename a = nativename r = logo = logo width = logo caption = seal width = 125 px seal caption = धर्मो रक्षति रक्षित: formed = 21 Sept 1968 preceding1 = preceding2 …   Wikipedia

  • Noida double murder case — On May 16, 2008, Aarushi Talwar, a 14 year old Class IX student of Delhi Public School in Noida and the daughter of a successful dentist couple, was found dead with her throat slit in her parents home at Jalvayu Vihar in [Noida, Uttar Pradesh].… …   Wikipedia

  • Noida serial murders — Surender Koli Background information Also known as Subhash Koli, Surendra Koli, Surinder Koli, Satish Born 1970 or 1971 Almora district, India Conviction Convicted Sentence Death pena …   Wikipedia

  • 2006 Noida serial murder investigation — The 2006 Noida serial murder investigation began in December 2006 when the skeletal remains of a number of missing children were discovered in the village of Nithari, India on the outskirts of Noida City, a planned industrial township in Uttar… …   Wikipedia

  • narcoanalysis — |närkō+ noun Etymology: New Latin, from narc + analysis : psychotherapy under sedation for the recovery of repressed memories together with the emotion accompanying the experience which is designed to facilitate an acceptable integration of the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Narcosynthesis — Intervention ICD 10 PCS GZG ICD 9 CM 94.21 In …   Wikipedia

  • Right to silence — The right to remain silent is a legal right of any person. This right is recognized, explicitly or by convention, in many of the world s legal systems. The right covers a number of issues centered around the right of the accused or the defendant… …   Wikipedia

  • Ajmal Kasab — Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab Kasab in the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus during the 2008 Mumbai attacks Born 13 September 1987 (1987 09 13) (age 24)[1] Faridkot, Okara, Punjab …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”