Ludvig Mylius-Erichsen

Ludvig Mylius-Erichsen

Ludvig Mylius-Erichsen (January 15 1872 - November 25 1907) was a Danish author, ethnologist, and explorer, from Ringkøbing. He was most notably an explorer of Greenland. With Count Harald Moltke and Knud Rasmussen he formed the Danish Literary expedition (1902-04) to West Greenland, and in the early stages (1902) discovered near Evigheds Fiord two ice-free mountain ranges. Later the party proceeded to Cape York and for 10 months lived native fashion with the Eskimo. The return journey of the expedition to Upernivik across the ice of Melville Bay was the first sledge crossing on record.

Death

As commander of the "Danmark" expedition (1906-08) Mylius-Erichsen undertook and carried out the task of exploring and charting the entire coastline of unknown northeast Greenland by three months' field work. The expedition made sledge journeys of more than 4000 miles (6,436 km), exceeding the record of any single Arctic force. The main travel, excluding duplications, of Koch was some 1250 miles (2011 km), and that of Mylius-Erichsen must have exceeded 1000 miles (1609 km). Their explorations showed that Peary's chart of a coast trending southeast from Navy Cliff was radically incorrect. Instead the shore ran to the northeast, adding about 100,000 square miles (259,000,000 km²) to Greenland and extending it about halfway from Navy Cliff—where the maps wrongly placed Greenland Sea—to Spitsbergen. Mylius-Erichsen's own exploration disclosed the nonexistence of Peary's Channel, and thus established the continuity of Greenland from Cape Farewell, 60° N, to the most northern land ever reached, 83° 39' N. He also discovered and explored the great fiords of "Denmark", "Hagen", and "Brønlund". Misled by existing maps, Mylius-Erichsen with Hagen and Brønlund so prolonged his journey that a return to the ship was impossible, and they perished of starvation, exhaustion, and cold. Mylius-Erichsen's observation journals, left at Denmark Sound, were brought to Copenhagen by Ejnar Mikkelsen.

Works

Mylius-Erichsen wrote:
* "Tatere" (1898), a drama
* "Vestjyder" (1900), tales
* "Den Jydske Hede før og nu" (1903)
* "Isblink" (1904), poems from Greenland
* "Grønland" (1906)
* Report on the nonexistence of Peary Channel in "Meddelelser om Grønland", (50 volumes, Copenhagen, 1876-1912), volume xli (1913), edited by Ejnar Mikkelsen.

Literature

* Achton Friis, "Danmark Expeditionen til Grönlands Nordostkyst" (1909)
* Greely, "True Tales of Arctic Heroism" (New York, 1912)
* Rasmussen, "People of the Polar North" (Philadelphia, 1908)
* G. C. Andrup, "Report on the Denmark Expedition to the North-East Coastof Greenland" (Copenhagen, 1913)

External links

* [http://www.kb.dk/bevarbogen/eng/katalog/detail_39_print.html Photo]


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