name = Bydgoszcz
imagesize = 250px
image_shield = POL Bydgoszcz COA.svg
pushpin_label_position = bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = POL
subdivision_type1 = Voivodeship
subdivision_name1 = Kuyavian-Pomeranian
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = "city county"
leader_title = President (Mayor)
established_title = Established
established_date = before 1238
established_title3 = Town rights
established_date3 = 1346/1349
area_total_km2 = 175
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 364953
population_density_km2 = auto
population_metro = 460499
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 53 | latm = 7 | lats = | latNS = N | longd = 18 | longm = 0 | longs = | longEW = E
elevation_m = 60
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 85-001 to 85-915
area_code = +48 52
website = http://www.bydgoszcz.pl/
blank_name = Car plates
blank_info = CB
Bydgoszcz Audio-IPA-pl|Pl-Bydgoszcz.ogg|'|b|y|d|g|o|sz|cz ( _de. BrombergAudlisten|Bromberg.ogg, _la. Bydgostia) is a city in northern
Poland, on the Brda and Vistularivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004), agglomeration more than 400 000, which makes it the 8th biggest city in Poland. It has been the co-capital with Toruńof the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeshipsince 1999, and was previously the capital of the Bydgoszcz Voivodeship(1947-1998) and before that, of the Pomeranian Voivodeship(1945-1947). Since 1999 it is also the seat of Bydgoszcz County.
Bydgoszcz is part of the metroplex
Bydgoszcz-Toruńwith Toruń, only 45 km away, and over 850,000 inhabitants. Bydgoszcz is the seat of Casimir the Great University, University of Technology and Life Sciences and a conservatory as well as a Collegium Medicum of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. Bydgoszcz has a famous Concert Hall (Filharmonia Pomorska), opera house Opera Nova, From the Bydgoszcz Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airportthere are flights to Warsaw, London, Dublin, Liverpool, Berlin, Katowice, Vienna, Copenhagen, Birminghamand Düsseldorf-Weeze as well charter flights to Antalya, Creteand Tunis. Thanks to its location between Vistula and Odra water system on the Bydgoszcz channel, the city is an important link in a water system connected via Noteć, Warta, Odra, Elbe with the Rhine and Rotterdam.
Originally a fishing settlement called "Bydgozcya"Fact|date=February 2007 ("Bydgostia" in Latin), the city became a stronghold for the Vistula trade routes. In the 13th century it was the site of a
castellany, first mentioned in 1238. The city was occupied by the Teutonic Knightsfrom 1331–1337, and later by King Casimir III of Poland, who granted the city municipal rights on 19 April 1346. The city increasingly saw an influx of Jews after that date.
In the 15th-16th centuries Bydgoszcz was a significant site for corn trading. The
Treaty of Bydgoszczwas signed in the city in 1657.
Bydgoszcz followed the history of
Greater Polanduntil 1772, when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussiain the First Partition of Polandand incorporated into the Netze Districtand, later, West Prussia. During this time, a canal was built from Bydgoszcz to Nakłowhich connected the north-flowing Vistula River via the Brda to the west-flowing Noteć, which in turn flowed to the Odervia the Warta.
In 1807 Bydgoszcz became part of the
Duchy of Warsaw. In 1815 it returned to Prussian rule as part of the autonomous Grand Duchy of Poznań(the Province of Posenafter 1848) and the capital of the Bromberg region. After 1871 the city was part of the German Empire. After World War I and the Great Poland Uprising, Bydgoszcz was annexed to Poland in 1919. It shifted in 1938 to the Pomeranian Voivodeship.
From 1939-45 during World War II, Bydgoszcz was overrun by
Nazi Germanyand annexed to the Reichsgau Wartheland. On September 3 1939, shortly after the war started, the Bromberg Bloody Sundayincident occurred in which numerous Polesand Germanswere killed; the incident was used by Nazi propagandafor retaliation against Poles after Bydgoszcz was occupied by the Wehrmachton September 9. The city's Jewish citizens were repressed, as thousands of people were sent to concentration camps and/or executed. Bydgoszcz was the site of Bromberg-Ost, a female subcamp of Stutthof. The subcamp staffed several female SS guards ( Aufseherin) and was commanded by the OberaufseherinJohanna Wisotzki and a male commandant. A deportation camp was situated in Smukała village, now part of Bydgoszcz. According to " Nowa encyklopedia powszechna PWN", 37,000 citizens of the city died during the war. [http://encyklopedia.pwn.pl/10867_1.html]
In 1945 Bydgoszcz was liberated and annexed again to Poland.
Solidarity's activists were violently suppressed in Bydgoszcz.
* [http://www.projprzem.com Projprzem SA]
* [http://www.zachem.com.pl Zachem SA Ciech Chemical Group]
* [http://www.zecbyd.com.pl Zespół Elektrociepłowni Bydgoszcz SA]
* [http://www.pesa.pl PESA Pojazdy Szynowe (PESA Rail Vehicles)]
* [http://www.centrostal.pl GCB Centrostal-Bydgoszcz S.A.]
* [http://www.bipromasz.pl Bipromasz - Biuro Projektowo - Handlowe]
* [http://www.wamet.pl Przedsiębiorstwo Innowacyjno-Wdrożeniowe "Wamet" Sp. z o.o.]
* Kazimierz Wielki University
* [http://www.utp.edu.pl Uniwersytet Technologiczno Przyrodniczy im. Jana i Jędrzeja Śniadeckich]
* [http://www.amuz.bydgoszcz.pl Akademia Muzyczna]
* University Collegium Medicum im. Ludwika Rydygiera (Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, Akademia Medyczna)
* [http://oswbydgoszcz.ae.poznan.pl Ośrodek Akademii Ekonomicznej w Poznaniu]
* Sekcja Wydziału Teologicznego Uniwersytetu im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
* [http://www.kpsw.edu.pl Kujawsko-Pomorska Szkoła Wyższa]
* [http://www.wsg.byd.pl Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki]
* [http://www.wsinsp.edu.pl/ Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Nauk Społeczno-Prawnych]
* [http://www.wsos.edu.pl Wyższa Szkoła Środowiska]
* [http://www.wszif.bydgoszcz.pl Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Finansów]
* [http://bydgoszcz.wsinf.edu.pl Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki] in
Łódź, Branch in Bydgoszcz
* Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych
* Niepubliczne Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych
Bydgoszcz Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport
Bydgoszcz is one of the biggest railroad junctions in Poland, with two important lines crossing there - the east-west connection from
Toruńto Pilaand the north-south line from Inowrocławto Gdańsk(see: Polish Coal Trunk-Line). There are also secondary-importance lines stemming from the city, to Szubinand to Chełmża.
Among rail stations located in the city, there are:
* Bydgoszcz Główna - main railway station
* Bydgoszcz Leśna
* Bydgoszcz Wschód
* Bydgoszcz Zachód
* Bydgoszcz Łęgnowo
* Bydgoszcz Bielawy
* Bydgoszcz Osowa Góra
* PKS Bydgoszcz - operates inter-city and international bus routes
* Muzeum Okręgowe im. Leona Wyczółkowskiego (Leon Wyczółkowski District Museum) is a municipally-owned museum. Apart from a large collection of
Leon Wyczółkowski's works, it houses permanent as well as temporary exhibitions of art.It occupies several buildings:- Main building (Gdańska 4 St.)- The White Granary (Mennica St.)
* Filharmonia Pomorska im. Ignacego Paderewskiego (Ignacy Paderewski's Concert Hall) - thanks to superbly designed acoustic qualities of the main concert hall, it is one of the best classical music concert halls in Europe.
* Concerts of popular music in Bydgoszcz are usually held in Filharmonia Pomorska,
Łuczniczka, Zawisza and Polonia stadiums as well as open plains of Myslecinek's Rozopole on the outskirts of the city.
Alternative music festival "Low Fi"http://www.lowfi-festival.com
* Teatr Polski im. Hieronima Konieczki (Hieronim Konieczka's Polish Theatre) - despite its name, theatre offers a wide variety of shows both of national and foreign origin. It also regularly plays hosts to a large number of touring shows. Once a year, in autumn, "Festiwal Prapremier" is organized: the most renowned Polish theatres stage their latest premieres.
* Opera Nova (The Nova Opera)
Astoria Bydgoszcz- men's basketball team playing in Dominet Bank Ekstraliga(formerly Era Basket Liga): 8th in 2003/2004 season, 6th in 2004/2005, 9th in 2005/2006. In 2006, due to lack of funding, the team was relegated to 3rd Polish League, now play in 2nd Polish League.
*Centrostal Focus Park Bydgoszcz - women's volleyball team playing in
Polish Seria A Women's Volleyball League: 2nd place in 2004/2005 season, 4th place in 2005/2006 season.
* Delecta Chemik Bydgoszcz - men's volleyball team playing in
Polish Volleyball League
Polonia Bydgoszcz- speedway team from the Polish 1st League. The club has won Polish Speedway League 7 times (lately in 2002) and European Team Championship 3 times (lately in 2001).
Zawisza Bydgoszcz- football (soccer) team playing in Polish 4th League.
*Zdzisław Krzyszkowiak Stadium
**Grand Prix of Poland: (1998-1999, since 2001)
**Grand Prix of Europe: (2000)
Mieczysław Połukard Criterium of Polish Speedway Leagues Aces(1951-1960, since 1982)
*Bydgoszcz will be the host of the
IAAF 2008 World Junior Championships in Athletics
Members of Polish Sejm 2007-2011 elected from Bydgoszcz constituency:
* Anna Bańkowska,
Left and Democrats
* Krzysztof Brejza,
* Jarosław Katulski, Civic Platform
* Eugeniusz Kłopotek,
Polish People's Party
Tomasz Latos, Law and Justice
Wojciech Mojzesowicz, Law and Justice
Paweł Olszewski, Civic Platform
Teresa Piotrowska, Civic Platform
* Grzegorz Roszak, Civic Platform
* Radek Sikorski, Civic Platform
Andrzej Walkowiak, Law and Justice
Janusz Zemke, Left and Democrats
Members of Polish Senate 2007-2011 elected from Bydgoszcz constituency:
* Zbigniew Pawłowicz, Civic Platform
Jan Rulewski, Civic Platform
Jan Krzysztof Bielecki(born 1951), Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland
Zbigniew Boniek(born 1956), football player
Stefan Majewski(born 1956), football player
Mieczysław Garsztka(1896-1919), aviator
Jacek Gollob(born 1969), speedway rider
Tomasz Gollob(born 1971), speedway rider
Hugo Hergesell(1859-1938), meteorologist
Marcin Jaskulski, journalist
Jan Kulczyk(born 1950), businessman
Walter Leistikow(1865-1908), painter
Wojciech Łobodziński(born 1982), footballer
Eberhard von Mackensen(1889-1969), general
Paweł Olszewski(born 1979), politician
Edmund Michał Piszcz(born 1929), archbishop
Katarzyna Radtke(born 1969), race walker
Marian Rejewski(1905-1980), cryptologist
Morris D. Rosenbaum(1831-1885), businessman
Jan Rulewski(born 1944), politician
Vivian Schmitt(born 1978), pornographic actress
Radosław Sikorski(born 1963), Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland
Grażyna Szapołowska(born 1953), film actress
Kurt Tank(1898-1953), aerospace engineer
Janusz Turowski(born 1961), football coach
Friedrich Wedeking(1862-1973), supercentenarian
Filip Zadruzynski(* 1988), Kickbox
It is also said that
Pan Twardowskispent some time in the city of Bydgoszcz, where, in his memory, a figure was recently mounted in a window of a tenement, overseeing the Old Town. At 1:13 p.m. and 9:13 p.m. the window opens and Pan Twardowski appears, to the accompaniment of weird music and devilish laughter. He takes a bow, waves his hand, and then disappears. This little show gathers crowds of amused spectators.
* , United States
* , Germany
Perth, United Kingdom
* , Italy
* , United States
* , Germany
Bromberg-Ost, a female subcamp of the German concentration campStutthof, located in Bydgoszcz.
Bydgoszcz Department( _pl. Departament Bydgoski), a unit of administrative division and local government in the Duchy of Warsawfrom 1806-1815.
Roman Catholic Diocese of Bydgoszcz
*en icon [http://www.bydgoszcz.eu/ Municipal website]
*pl icon [http://www.bydgoszcz.com.pl/ Wirtualna Bydgoszcz - informator bydgoski]
*pl icon [http://www.gazeta.bydgoszcz.pl/ Bydgoszcz news]
*pl icon [http://www.kanalbydgoski.pl/ Canal Bydgoski]
*en icon [http://www.luteranie.pl/bydgoszcz/english.htm Evangelical - Augsburg (Lutheran) Parish in Bydgoszcz]
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