- Thaddeus Vincenty
Thaddeus Vincenty (born Tadeusz Szpila
27 October 1920in Grodzisko, Lwów Voivodship, Poland; died 6 March 2002in Washington Grove, Maryland, U.S.) was a Polish American geodesistwho worked with the U.S. Air Forceand later the National Geodetic Surveyto adapt three-dimensional adjustment techniques to NAD 83. [http://www.gfy.ku.dk/~iag/newslett/news7606.htm Thaddeus Vincenty's in memoriam] , by Bernard Chovitz, IAG Newsletter, March 2002 ] [http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/md/montgomery/obits/gazettenet/gnet200203.txt Obituaries] from [http://gazette.net/Montgomery gazette.net/montgomery] , March 2002: Montgomery Co., MD. ] He's best known for the Vincenty's formulae, a geodesiccalculation technique published in 1975 and known for their extreme accuracy — about one-half millimeter. [ [http://www.movable-type.co.uk/scripts/LatLongVincenty.html Vincenty formula for distance between two Latitude/Longitude points] , Movable-type.co.uk, retrieved 29 Dec 2006] [ [http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/PUBS_LIB/inverse.pdf "Direct and Inverse Solutions of Geodesics on the Ellipsoid with application of nested equations"] (pdf), Survey Review, April 1975]
Vincenty's studies were interrupted by
World War II, and he eventually arrived in a displaced persons camp. He arrived in to the United States in 1947, and took his father's first name as his surname. Within months, he enlisted in the Air Force, and only became involved in computer programming and surveying in 1957. After studying via correspondence courses, he published his first research paper in 1963. After 30 years in the Air Force, he left Cheyenne, Wyoming, and took a position at National Geodetic Survey.His contributions to the NAD 83 include the introduction of three dimensional Earth centered coordinates, which unifies locations on Earth with locations in space, an essential development for GPS.Vincenty received the Department of CommerceMedal for Meritorious Service in 1982. [ [http://www.history.noaa.gov/hallofhonor/medal1981.html Department of Commerce Medal recipients, 1980-1991] , retrieved 29 Dec 2006]
** [http://www.springerlink.com/content/y7108u6862473583/?p=45ca9ff468cf4233a0f4143bfe5357c4&pi=5 Closed formulas for the direct and reverse geodetic problems] , Pages 241-242,Journal of Geodesy, Volume 51, Number 3 (September, 1977).
** [http://www.springerlink.com/content/96r60r4560375774/?p=45ca9ff468cf4233a0f4143bfe5357c4&pi=1 Height-controlled three-dimensional adjustment of horizontal networks] , Pages 37-43,Journal of Geodesy, Volume 54, Number 1 (March, 1980).
** [http://www.springerlink.com/content/7k4702641v6v1q22/ Methods of adjusting space systems data and terrestrial measurements] , Pages 231-241, Journal of Geodesy, Volume 56, Number 3 (September, 1982).
** [http://www.springerlink.com/content/g78137r51m040k14/ On the meaning of geodetic orientation] , Pages 189-199, Journal of Geodesy, Volume 59, Number 2 (June, 1985).
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