- Buenaventura Báez
name =Buenaventura Báez Méndez
order =3rd, 6th, 10th, 13th, 16th President of the Dominican Republic
September 24, 1849
February 15, 1853 October 8, 1856– June 13, 1858 December 8, 1865– May 29, 1866 May 2, 1868– January 2, 1874 December 26, 1876– March 2, 1878
Pedro Santana(as Supreme Chief) Manuel de Regla Mota Pedro Guillermo(President of the Provisional Government)
Junta of Generals
Superior Governing Junta
Pedro Santana José Desiderio Valverde Triumvirate
July 14, 1812
March 14, 1884
Buenaventura Báez Méndez (
July 14 1812– March 14 1884in the province of Barahona) was the President of the Dominican Republicfive times. He is notable for almost constantly attempting to have his country annexed by other countries.
In 1844 Báez helped to lead a successful rebellion against
Haiti, which established the independence of the Dominican Republic. He went to Europe in 1846 to convince Franceto establish a protectorate over the Dominican Republic, but the French refused. As president for the first time, from 1849 until 1853, he attempted to convince the United Statesto take over the country. He was President again from 1856 until 1858, when he was deposed in a coup.
Báez next supported the idea of having the Dominican Republic be taken over by
Spain. He went into exile in Spain and led a luxurious life there. The Spanish agreed to occupy the Dominican Republic in 1861, but by 1865 they had abandoned it. Báez then returned to the Dominican Republic and became President again until he was deposed in a coup in May 1866. He then served his longest term as President, from 1868 until 1874, in which he again attempted to have the United States annex his country. This time he was almost successful, as he convinced American President Ulysses S. Grantto send warships to the Dominican Republic, and drew up an annexation treaty which made it to the United States Senatefloor. The treaty, however, was not ratified in the Senate, and it became an embarrassment for Grant.Fact|date=July 2008
Báez became President again from 1876 until 1878, when he was deposed in a final coup and sent into exile in
Puerto Rico, which was then owned by Spain, where he lived his final days.
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=9637 Buenaventura Baez] at Find-A-Grave
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