- The Oblong Box (short story)
Infobox short story |
name = The Oblong Box
Edgar Allan Poe
language = English
genre = Horror
publisher = "Godey's Magazine and Lady's Book"
pub_date = 1844
"The Oblong Box" is a short story by
Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1844, about a sea voyage and a mysterious box.
The story opens with the unnamed
narratorrecounting a summer sea voyage from Charleston, South Carolinato New York Cityaboard the ship "Independence". The narrator learns his old college friend Cornelius Wyatt is aboard with his wife and two sisters, though he has reserved three state-rooms. After conjecturing the extra room was for a servant or extra baggage, he learns his friend has brought on board an oblong pine box: "It was about six feet in length by two and a half in breadth." The narrator notes its peculiar shape and especially an odd odorcoming from it. Even so, he presumes his friend has acquired an especially valuable copy of "The Last Supper".The box, the narrator is surprised to learn, shares the state-room with Wyatt and his his wife, while the second room is shared by the two sisters. However, for several nights, the narrator witnesses his friend's surprisingly unattractive wife leaving the state-room every night around 11 o'clock and going into the third state-room before returning first thing in the morning. While she is gone, the narrator believes he hears his friend opening the box and sobbing, which he attributes to "artistic enthusiasm."
As the "Independence" passes
Cape Hatterasit is caught in a terrible hurricane. Escape from the damaged ship was made via lifeboat, but Wyatt refuses to part with the box and issues an emotional plea but was denied by Captain Hardy. Wyatt decides he cannot part with the box and returns to the ship, ties himself to it with a rope. "In another instant both body and box were in the sea--disappearing suddenly, at once and forever."
About a month after the incident, the narrator happens to meet the captain. Hardy explains that the box had, in fact, held the
corpseof Wyatt's recently deceased young wife. He had intended to return the body to her mother but bringing a corpse on board would have caused panic among the passengers. Captain Hardy had arranged, then, to register the box merely as baggage. As passage was already registered with Wyatt and his wife, so as not to arouse suspicion, a maid posed as the wife.
Poe originally offered "The Oblong Box" to
Nathaniel Parker Willisfor the "New Mirror", but Willis suggested it was better suited for the "Opal", edited by Sarah Josepha Hale. [Quinn, Arthur Hobson. "Edgar Allan Poe: A Critical Biography". Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998. ISBN 0801857309 p. 417] It was first published on August 28, 1844, in the "Dollar Newspaper" in Philadelphia. [Sova, Dawn B. "Edgar Allan Poe: A to Z". Checkmark Books, 2001. p. 175. ISBN 081604161X] It was also published in the September 1844 issue of "Godey's Magazine and Lady's Book", [Sova, Dawn B. "Edgar Allan Poe: A to Z". Checkmark Books, 2001. p. 175. ISBN 081604161X] also edited by Hale. [Quinn, Arthur Hobson. "Edgar Allan Poe: A Critical Biography". Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998. ISBN 0801857309 p. 417] Poe had just moved to New York (via steamboat) just a few months before its publication. His wife, Virginia, had begun showing signs of her illness about two years before in 1842. [Silverman, Kenneth. "Edgar A. Poe: Mournful and Never-Ending Remembrance". Harper Perennial, 1991. ISBN 0060923318]
A 1969 film directed by
Gordon Hesslerstarring Vincent Priceand Christopher Leecarries the name " The Oblong Box". Other than the title, the two share little in common.
"NBC Short Story" aired a dramatic reading of "The Oblong Box" in the 1950s. It is available [http://www.archive.org/download/NBC_short_story/NBC_Short_Story_The_Oblong_Box.mp3 online] .
The CBS Radio Mystery Theater—which ran from January 1974 to December 1982—did an adaptation of the Oblong Box which aired on January 8, 1975.
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