- Taiwan Railway Administration
railroad_name = Taiwan Railway Administration
logo_filename = TRA_Logo.png
logo_size = 100
end_year = present
gauge = RailGauge|42 narrow gauge
length = convert|1117.9|km|abbr=on|lk=on
t=臺灣鐵路管理局 "or" 台灣鐵路管理局
p=Táiwān Tiělù Guǎnlǐjú
tp=Táiwan Tiělù Guǎnlǐjyú
w=T'ai2-wan1 T'ieh3-lu4 Kuan3-li3-chü2
poj=Tâi-oân Thih-lō· Koán-lí-kio̍k
h=Thòi-vàn Thiet-lu Kón-lî-khiu̍k
t2=臺鐵 "or" 台鐵
The Taiwan Railway Administration (abbreviated TRA) is an agency of the
Republic of ChinaMinistry of Transportation and Communications responsible for managing, maintaining, and running passenger and freight service on 1097 km of conventional railroadlines in Taiwan(gauge: 1067 mm). [cite web | title=Transportation | work=A Brief Introduction to Taiwan | publisher=ROC Government Information Office| url=http://www.gio.gov.tw/taiwan-website/5-gp/brief/info04_11.html | accessdate=2006-05-19] As Taiwan is heavily urbanized with a high population density, railways have always played an important part in domestic transportation. Most of the main lines are fully electrified and service is generally efficient and reliable.
Recent growth in the highway system and increased competition from bus companies and airlines has led to a decline in long distance rail travel (except during major holidays such as
Chinese New Year), though short and intermediate distance travel is still heavily utilized by commuters and students. The high-speed rail line is not run by TRA, and is also a major source of competition. To offset this TRA has begun placing an emphasis on tourismand short-distance commuter service. This has led to several special tourist trains running to scenic areas and hot springs, the addition of dining cars (originally deemed unnecessary due to Taiwan's relatively small size), and converting several smaller branch lines to attract tourists. Additionally, several new stations have been added in major metropolitan areas, and local commuter service increased.
TRA runs the four main rail lines forming a closed loop around the main island of Taiwan, and three smaller branch lines. [cite news | title=Touring Taiwan by Rail | date=January 13, 2005 | publisher=ROC Tourism Bureau | url=http://www.worldpress.org/Asia/2012.cfm]
Western Line(西部幹線): Keelung Cityto Kaohsiung City
Taichung Line(台中線): Jhunan, Miaolito Changhua City
Pingtung Line(屏東線): Kaohsiung Cityto Fangliao, Pingtung
*Eastern Line (東部幹線):
Yilan Line(宜蘭線): Badu to Su-ao, Yilan
North-Link Line(北迴線): Su-ao, YilanNew Station to Hualian City
Hwa-tung Line(花東線): Hualian Cityto Taitung City
South-Link Line(南迴線): Fangliao, Pingtungto Taitung City
Pingsi Line(平溪線): Houdong, Taipei County - Jingtong, Taipei County
Neiwan Line(內灣線): Hsinchu City- Neiwan, Hsinchu County
Jiji Line(集集線): Ershuei, Changhua- Checheng, Nantou County
Shenao Line(深澳線): Rueifang, Taipei County - Shenao, Taipei County
Donggang Line(東港線): Jhenan, Pingtung County - Donggang, Pingtung County. Passenger service discontinued in 1991, completely closed in 2002.
*Danshui TRA Line (淡水線):
Taipei Main Station- Danshui, Taipei County. Replaced by Taipei Rapid Transit System's Danshui Line.
Old Taichung Line(舊山線): Segment located in Miaoli County, closed in 1998. Now a minor tourist attraction. Shengsing Stationhas been declared a historical site.
Trains are divided into five classes, higher classes generally stop at fewer stations resulting in faster service. The classes are:
* Tzu-Chiang (Tsu-chiang / 自強): The fastest (and most expensive). Assigned seating. Non-reserved (standing) tickets are also sold at full price. There are 3 types of Tsz-chiang: EMU electric multiple unit (brown), push-pull (orange/silver) and diesel (yellow/silver). Tickets for all 3 types of Tsz-chiang are the same price.
* Chu-Kuang (Chu-kwang / 莒光): Second fastest. Assigned seating. Non-reserved tickets are sold at 80% of original price.
* Fu-hsing (Fu-shing / 復興): Third fastest. Assigned seating. Non-reserved tickets are sold at 80% of original price.
* EMU (Electric multiple unit / 電車) and DRC (Diesel railcar / 柴客): Short to medium distance commuter train, stops at all stations. No assigned seating.
* Express / Ordinary (普通): Stops at all stations, no air conditioning, most inexpensive. No assigned seating. Some Express trains (the light blue ones running on West Trunk Line) are air-conditioned while others (dark blue ones) are not equipped with air conditioners. Currently operational only on the southern end of the Western Line and being phased out with termination of service expected by the end of 2006.
* Diesel Express: Only available on East Trunk Line and South Link Line. Mainly serve as commuter trains. No air conditioning. Tickets are the same price as Express and Ordinary.
With the exception of the Ordinary trains, all trains are modern and air conditioned. Many of the Ordinary train cars, on the other hand, are almost 40 to 50 years old, and provide an interesting experience for the more historically minded.
"Source:" [cite web | title=History | work=Taiwan Railway Administration | url=http://www.railway.gov.tw/n/n1_01.htm | accessdate=2006-05-19]
*1887: Construction begins on first railway in Taiwan between
Keelungand Taipeiby Ching Dynastygovernor Liu Min-Chuan
*1891: First rail line completed
*1895: Taiwan ceded to
Japanby Chinafollowing the end of the First Sino-Japanese War. Ministry of Taiwan Railway established by the Japanese Government.
*1908: The Japanese colonial government extends the railways to
*1922: Coastal Line (
Jhunan- Changhua) completed.
*1924: Yilan Line (Badu -
*1926: Huatung Line (
Hualien- Taitung) completed.
*1941: Pingtung Line (
Kaohsiung- Fangliao) completed.
*1940-1945: The railways are repeatedly bombed by the Allies during
World War II.
*1945: Taiwan is handed over to the ROC, Taiwan Railway Administration established.
*1979: Western Line fully electrified. North-link line completed.
*1989: Rail lines running through downtown
Taipeimoved underground. New Taipei Main Station completed.
*1991: South-link Line completed, completing the rail loop around Taiwan.
*1997: Online reservations become available.
*2000: Yilan Line electrified.
*2001: Various special trains targeting tourists are offered.
*2003: North-link Line electrified.
Rail transport in Taiwan
Taiwan High Speed Rail
Transportation in Taiwan
Taipei Main Station
* [http://www.railway.gov.tw/index_ok.htm Taiwan Railway Administration (Chinese website)]
*Upgraded website which looks better but is actually less useful than the previous website when it comes to doing something unusual, like finding train times: [http://www.railway.gov.tw/en/index/index.aspx Taiwan Railway Administration (English website)]
*Useful, user-friendly English website, including routes and schedules: [http://service.tra.gov.tw/en/ Taiwan Railway Administration (English website)]
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