Order of battle at Beiping–Tianjin

Order of battle at Beiping–Tianjin

Peiking Tientsin Operation (July–August 1937) from the Battle of Beiping-Tianjin in the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Contents

Empire of Japan

War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svgJapanese China Garrison Army [1]

  • Lt. General Kanichiro Tashiro (1 May 1936 – 12 July 1937)
  • Lt. General Kiyoshi Katsuki (12 July 1937 – 26 August 1937
    • China Garrison Infantry Brigade ("Kawabe Brigade") - Major General Masakazu Kawabe
      • 1st China Garrison Infantry Regiment
      • 2nd China Garrison Infantry Regiment
    • China Garrison Cavalry Unit
    • China Garrison Artillery Regiment
    • China Garrison Engineer Unit
    • China Garrison Armored Unit (17 tanks?)
    • China Garrison Signal Unit
    • China Garrison Army Hospital
  • IJA 5th Division - General Seishirō Itagaki
    • 9th Infantry Brigade
      • 11th Infantry Regiment
      • 41st Infantry Regiment
    • 21st Infantry Brigade
      • 21st Infantry Regiment
      • 42nd Infantry Regiment
    • 5th Mountain Artillery Regiment
    • 5th Cavalry Regiment
    • 5th Engineer Regiment
    • 5th Transport Regiment
  • IJA 20th Division – Lieutenant General Bunsaburo Kawakishi
    • 39th Infantry Brigade
      • 77th Infantry Regiment
      • 78th Infantry Regiment
    • 40th Infantry Brigade
      • 79th Infantry Regiment
      • 80th Infantry Regiment
    • 26th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 28th Cavalry Regiment
    • 20th Engineer Regiment
    • 20th Transport Regiment
  • IJA 1st Independent Mixed Brigade ("Sakai Brigade") - Lieutenant General Sakai Koji [2]
    • 4th Tank Battalion
      • 12 Type 89 Medium Tanks
      • 13 Type 95 Light Tanks
      • 12 Type 94 Tankettes
      • 4 Armored Engineer Vehicles
    • 1st Independent Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Independent Artillery Battalion
    • 1st Independent Engineer Company
  • IJA 11th Independent Mixed Brigade ("Suzuki Brigade")- Lieutenant General Shigiyasu Suzuki[3]
    • 11th Independent Infantry Regiment
    • 12th Independent Infantry Regiment
    • 11th Independent Cavalry Company
    • 11th Independent Field Artillery Regiment
    • 12th Independent Mountain Gun Regiment
    • 11th Independent Engineer Company
    • 11th Independent Transport Company
  • East Hopei Army [4]
    • 1st Corps (Tungchow) 4,000 men
    • 2nd Corps (Tsunhua) 4,000 men
    • 3rd Corps (Tungchow) 4,000 men
    • 4th Corps (Tsunhua) 4,000 men
    • Training Corps (Tungchow) 2,000 men
  • Temporary China Area Aviation Division (Chugoku-Homen Rinji Hikoshidan). General Yoshitoshi Tokugawa.[5]
    • 1st Army Air Battalion (reconnaissance) Ki-3, Ki-4
    • 2nd Army Air Battalion (fighter aircraft) Ki-10
    • 3rd Army Air Battalion (long range reconnaissance)
    • 5th Army Air Battalion (light bomber) Ki-2
    • 6th Army Air Battalion (heavy bomber) Ki-2
    • 8th Army Air Battalion (fighter) Ki-10
    • 9th Army Air Battalion (heavy bomber) Ki-1
    • 3rd Independent Air Company (heavy bomber)Ki-1
    • 4th independent squadron (reconnaissance)
    • 6th independent squadron (reconnaissance)
    • 9th independent squadron (fighter) Ki-10
    • 1st, 2nd Airfield companies
    • 8th, 9th Signal platoons
    • 1st Truck Transport company
    • 3rd Field aircraft depot

Imperial Japanese Navy [6]

Republic of China

Republic of China Army Flag.svg 29th Route Army’’’ [7][8]

  • 37th Division (15750 men) - Feng Chih-an
    • Special Operations Regiment [10]
    • 109th Brigade
    • 110th Brigade
    • 111th Brigade
    • Independent 35th Brigade
  • 38th Division (15400 men) - General Chang Tse-chung
    • Special Operations Regiment
    • 112th Brigade
    • 113th Brigade
    • 114th Brigade
    • Independent 26th Brigade
  • 132nd Division (15000 men) - General Chao Teng-yu
    • Special Operations Regiment
    • 1st Brigade
    • 2nd Brigade
    • Independent 27th Brigade
    • Independent 28th Brigade
  • 143rd Division (in Chahar) (15100 men) - General Liu Ju-ming
    • Special Operations Regiment
    • 1st Brigade
    • 2nd Brigade
    • Independent 29th Brigade
    • Independent 31st Brigade
    • Security Brigade
  • 9th Cavalry Division (3000 men) - ?
    • 1st Brigade
    • 2nd Brigade
  • Independent 13th Cavalry Brigade (1500 men)
  • Hopei Peace Preservation Force (Peiwan, 2500 men)
  • Independent 39th Brigade (3500 men)
  • Independent 40th Brigade (3400 men)

53rd Corps - General Wan Fulin[11]

Notes

  1. ^ The Japanese China Garrison Army became Japanese First Army on 26 August 1937
  2. ^ Taki's IMPERIAL JAPANESE ARMY PAGE - on temporary assignment from the Kwangtung Army; The 3rd Tank Battalion equipped with Type 94 Tankettes and Type 95 Light Tanks that was to have been assigned to Sakai Brigade remained behind in Manchukuo.
  3. ^ on temporary assignment from the Kwangtung Army; the Suzuki Brigade later became IJA 26th Division.
  4. ^ Jowett, Phillip S., Rays of The Rising Sun, Armed Forces of Japan's Asian Allies 1931-45, Volume I: China & Manchuria
  5. ^ Sino-Japanese Air War 1937-45
  6. ^ Monograph 144 Chapter II Normally, the IJN 3rd Fleet was assigned for over-all operations in China. The IJN 2nd Fleet was assigned to escort army transports and was involved in landings of IJA 5th Division at Tanggu. With the dispatch of troops to the Tsingtao area, the IJN 2nd Fleet assumed responsibility for operations in northern China waters, while the IJN 3rd Fleet operated in central and sSouth China waters.
  7. ^ Hsu Long-hsuen and Chang Ming-kai, History of The Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) Pg. 175-180
  8. ^ Sung was allowed by the Kuomingtang government to maintain only one army in the area he controlled. So what he did is to make his army very huge. Each division had 3 brigades plus many independent units. This way Sung was able to both increase and conceal his strength.
  9. ^ China Defense Forum: Organization of the 29th Army
  10. ^ (特務團), a HQ reserve regiment
  11. ^ 1 Brigade of 53rd Corps took part in the attack on Fengtai

Sources


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