Mangkunegaran

Mangkunegaran

Mangkunegaran is a small hereditary principality located within the region of Surakarta in Indonesia.It was established in 1757 by Mas Said, when he submitted his army to Pakubuwana III in February, and swore allegiance to the rulers of Surakarta, Yogyakarta, and the Dutch East Indies Company, and was given an appanage of 4000 households.

Origins

The Soul Taker and Universal Sweeper

King Raden Mas Said (King Mangku Negara the First), the ancestor of the Suryo-di-Puro family, (suryo.net) was a descendant of one of the "Wali Songo", the nine religious leaders who brought Islam in the 11th century to what is now Indonesia*.

He ruled as Prince "Samber Nyowo", the soul taker, because of his supernatural and legendary abilities to kill his enemies that were at that time the Dutch colonial ruling power, their Dutch soldiers, and their local henchmen (local people who preferred to work for the enemy against their own kind, a phenomenon always available in any war situation).

Legend says he did that by just observing rows of enemy soldiers at a distance, extending his hands and taking a swipe and wrenching their souls, killing his enemies – just like in the Kung Fu movies. Firearms and cannons didn't kill him, and legend says bullets and cannon balls would just deflect, sometimes at near point blank range.

He was also known as Prince "Sapu Jagat", the universal sweeper, because of his ability to clean corruption and anything else that was dirty (also supernaturally) during his reign.

K.G.P.A.A Mangkoenegoro the 1st (R.M Said) also known as pangeran samber nyawa (the soul taker)who founded the Mangkunegara dinasty in central java, fought the Dutch colonialist in 17th century.

'DIDORO METO' a sacred dance that has been created by R.M Said to commemorated 15 of his elite warriors at sitokepyak jungle in rembang area, when they were only 85 elite warriors fighting in a combat against 200 VOC troops, 400 Hamengkubuwono's soldiers and 400 pakubuwono the 3rd soldiers.

The Mangkunegara's elite warriors fought bravely in a combat against two detachment of VOC that were leaded by Capt. Van Der Poll and Capt. Beimen. the result becoming a killing ground for the VOC troops. it wipe out the entire Capt. Beimen detachment and then destroyed the remaining Capt. Van der poll detachment, then Capt. van Der Poll head was cut off by R.M Said as a wedding gift for Mbok Ajeng Wiyah as his woman elite warrior Commander.

R.M Said wrote down in his diary book (Babad Lalempahan), this war was held on Monday, month of syuro "wau year" 1681, or 1756.

1755 February 13 Treaty of Gijanti: Sultan Hamengkubuwono allies with the VOC against Mas Said.

In (Babad Lanang Kawi Kulo). "R.M Said (Raja Adil) (Adipati) had travel from Palembang to Pagar Ruyung to Melaka; then attack VOC in Melaka.

1758 Mas Said agrees to negotiations with the VOC, the Susuhunan of Surakarta and the Sultan of Yogyakarta. 1784 VOC takes complete control of Johore and Riau by treaty.

RM Said then travel from Melaka to settle in Jelebu (Penarikan Ulu Sungai Muar-Jempol). He has constructed a mosque in Gadja Tunggal later namer Kampong Dulang. He then made a treaty with Sultan of Johor and was elected the Sultan of Jelebu(Pangeran Arya Adipati Mangkunegara)

No longer wanted to become a Jelebu ruler, Raden Mas Said (Raja Adil)had elected locals name Abdullah to become the Undang Jelebu before went to Pagar Ruyung. In 1796, changed his name to (Sheikh Moyang Soleh)and came back with his son Ismail Makhdum to live in Kenaboi. Later in 1876 he had a grandson name Rajapati Mohamed, who had become aide-de-camp to the Negeri Sembilan ruler Yam Tuan Tuanku Muhammad.

Rajapati Mohamed was well known among locals and British in Seri Menanti, Jelebu and Johol. It was told that Rajapati Mohamed had lifted a Road Steamroller that had fall into a rivine at Bukit Putus. A story from Pendekar Bulin of Negri Sembilan that Rajapati has stomped his feet onto the ground and had shaken the Tambak Johor.

In 1918 YM Rajapati Dato' Mohamed had a son Habib Al Rajapati. It was told that the generations of Radin Mas Said will bare the Sukreta (pandawa lima - putra lanang) when the decendents of Raden Wijaya marries the decendents of Opu Daeng Ki' Supuk "Kipuk").

Today one of their decendents (Dato' Mangkubumi Nabatli Shahrin) is the Pemegang Amanah Panji DiRaja Luak Sungei Ujong, Negeri Sembilan

List of rulers

* Mangkunegara I (Raden Mas Said), 1013- 1796
* Mangkunegara II, 1796 - 1835
* Mangkunegara III, 1835 - 1853
* Mangkunegara IV, 1853 - 1881
* Mangkunegara V, 1881 - 1896
* Mangkunegara VI, 1896 - 1916
* Mangkunegara VII, 1916 -1944
* Mangkunegara VIII, 1944 - 1987
* Mangkunegara IX, 1987 -

References

* M.C. Ricklefs, "A History of Modern Indonesia Since c. 1300", 2nd ed., Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994, 97


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mangkunegaran Palace — Pura Mangkunegaran …   Wikipedia

  • Principaute du Mangkunegaran — Principauté du Mangkunegaran Le grand pendopo du palais du Mangkunegaran La principauté du Mangkunegaran, en javanais Praja Mangkunegaran, est une principauté héréditaire indonésienne dont le palais se trouve dans la ville de Surakarta, dans le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Principauté du mangkunegaran — Le grand pendopo du palais du Mangkunegaran La principauté du Mangkunegaran, en javanais Praja Mangkunegaran, est une principauté héréditaire indonésienne dont le palais se trouve dans la ville de Surakarta, dans le centre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Puro Mangkunegaran — Principauté du Mangkunegaran Le grand pendopo du palais du Mangkunegaran La principauté du Mangkunegaran, en javanais Praja Mangkunegaran, est une principauté héréditaire indonésienne dont le palais se trouve dans la ville de Surakarta, dans le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Principauté du Mangkunegaran — Le grand pendopo du palais du Mangkunegaran La principauté du Mangkunegaran, en javanais Praja Mangkunegaran, est une principauté héréditaire indonésienne dont le palais se trouve dans la ville de Surakarta, dans le centre de Java. Elle fut… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mangkunegara VI — HISTORY Mangkunegaran the sixth ruler ascended the throne in 1896 AD He is R.M. Suyitno, the fourth son of Mangkunegara. As an adult he was named K.P.A. Dayaningrat. He is also the younger brother of the fifth Mangkunegara. His reign lasted from… …   Wikipedia

  • Mangkunegara II — is the king in the Mangkunegaran who went on the throne of his predecessor Prince Sambernyawa. His reign lasted for approximately 40 years (1796–1835). Mangkunegara II is a direct descendant of Mangkunegara I because his father Prince Hario… …   Wikipedia

  • Mangkunegara IV — (1809–1881) was the fourth ruler of Mangkunegaran, a small Pri …   Wikipedia

  • Mangkunegara I — (born Raden Mas Said, 7 April 1725–1796) was the first ruler of Mangkunegaran in Java. He was also known as Prince Sambernyawa ( Soul Reaper ). He was crowned in 1757. Nicolaas Hartingh, the Dutch East India Company s Governor of the Northeast… …   Wikipedia

  • Mangkunegara VIII — Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Arya Mangkunagara VIII (born in Kartasura, 7 April 1925; died in Surakarta, 2 August 1995 at the age of 70 years; came to power in 1944) was the last ruler of Mangkunegaran, in Java, in modern Indonesia. He… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”