- 359 BC
Macedonian King Perdiccas IIIis killed while defending his country against an Illyrian attack led by King Bardylis. He is succeeded by his infant son, Amyntas IV. The child's uncle, Philip II, assumes the regency.
* In the same year, Philip II declares himself king of Macedonia. Amyntas IV is not judged by Philip II to be a danger and remains alive while Philip II is King of Macedonia.
* The Illyrians prepare to close in, the Paeonians raid from the north and two claimants to the Macedonian throne are supported by foreign powers. Philip II buys off his dangerous neighbours and, with a treaty, cedes
Philip III of Macedon, brother and successor of Alexander the Great(approximate date) (d. 317 BC)
Perdiccas III, king of Macedonia
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