- Stag beetle
name = Stag beetles
image_width = 220px
image_caption = Male "Lucanus cervus"
ordo = Coleoptera
familia = Lucanidae
familia_authority = Latreille, 1804
subdivision_ranks = Subfamilies
Aesalinae Lampriminae Lucaninae Syndesinae
Stag beetles are a group of about 1,200 species of
beetlein the family Lucanidae, presently classified in four subfamiliesSmith, A.B.T. (2006) A review of the family-group names for the superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera) with corrections to nomenclature and a current classification. The Coleopterists Bulletin 60:144–204.] Some species grow to 8 cm (3¼ in), but most are about 5 cm (2 in).
The English name is derived from the large and distinctive
mandibles found on the males of most species, which resemble the antlersof stags.
A well-known species in much of
Europeis " Lucanus cervus", referred to in Britain as "the" stag beetle (it is the largest British terrestrial insect). Pliny the Eldernoted that Nigidiuscalled the stag beetle "lucanus" after the Italian region of Lucaniawhere they were used as amulets. The scientific name of "Lucanus cervus" is this word, plus "cervus", deer.
Male stag beetles use their jaws to wrestle each other for favoured mating sites, but despite their often fearsome appearance they are not normally aggressive to humans. Stag beetles are sometimes used in the Chinese sport of
insect fightingFact|date=October 2007.
Female stag beetles are usually smaller than the males, with smaller mandibles.
larvae feed for several years on rotting wood, growing into grubs which in larger species may be as big as a human finger.
Taxonomy of Lucanidae
* [http://www.stagbeetlehelpline.co.uk Stag beetle helpline] Research site containing lots of information on the stag beetle as well as a monitoring form and information on current conservation schemes.
*cite web |url=http://www-museum.unl.edu/research/entomology/Guide/Scarabaeoidea/Lucanidae/Lucanidae-Catalog/LucanidaeC.htm |author=M.J. Paulsen |title=Annotated Checklist of the New World Lucanidae Checklist of New World stag beetles with links to pages with additional information and images.
* [http://gaga.jes.mlc.edu.tw/new23/cp03_21.htm Taiwanese picture gallery]
*cite web |url=http://www.goliathus.com/en/en-lucanidae.html |author=Toma Libich |title=Goliathus.com: gallery of Lucanidae
*cite web |url=http://www.goliathus.cz/en/museum-lucanidae-2.html |title=Gallery of Lucanidae
*cite web |url=http://www.bio-nica.info |author=J M Maes |title=Biodiversity: section on Lucanidae with a world catalogue and a world bibliography
* [http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~CH2M-NITU/kuwagate.htm Asahinet] Stag beetles on postage stamps and species illustrations.
* [http://www.harink.com/~benjamin/englex.htm#7._Picture_gallery Images (portal)]
* [http://www.tolweb.org/Lucanidae/9538 TOL]
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