Abraham Trembley

Abraham Trembley

Infobox Scientist
name = Abraham Trembley
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caption = Abraham Trembley
birth_date = 3 September 1710
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death_date = 12 May 1784
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residence =
citizenship =
nationality = Swiss
ethnicity =
field = naturalist
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
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doctoral_students =
known_for = hydra (genus)
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author_abbrev_zoo =
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prizes = Copley Medal, 1743
religion =
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Abraham Trembley (3 September 1710 – 12 May 1784) was a Swiss naturalist. He is best known for being the first to study freshwater polyps or hydra and for being among the first to develop experimental zoology. His mastery of experimental method has led some historians of science to credit him as the "father of biology". [See "Ratcliff", op.cit., p. 556, n. 1.]


Trembley came from an officer's family from Geneva, where he studied mathematics before taking up the career of a tutor in the Netherlands. In 1736, while in charge of Count Bentinck's sons at the mansion of Sorgvliet near the Hague, he started working as a zoologist after discovering hydra in the stream flowing through the estate.

Work on hydra

While Trembley thought he had discovered a new species, Leeuwenhoek had in fact first published on hydra in 1702, describing them as a type of plant.

Trembley's findings were published in a 1744 book, "Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire d'un genre de polypes d'eau douce", translated into German in 1791 as "Abhandlungen zur Geschichte einer Polypenart des süssen Wassers".

Some attribute Trembley as being the first to study stem cells, although he obviously did not refer to them as such. Trembley did however make note of their incredible regenerative capacity.Fact|date=February 2007


* – [http://scholar.google.co.uk/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=author%3ARatcliff+intitle%3AAbraham+Trembley%E2%80%99s+Strategy+of+Generosity+and+the+Scope+of+Celebrity+in+the+Mid-Eighteenth+Century&as_publication=%5B%5BIsis+%28journal%29%7CIsis%5D%5D&as_ylo=2004&as_yhi=2004&btnG=Search Scholar search]
*"Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery", entries on Abraham Trembley, as reproduced on http://www.bookrags.com/Abraham_Trembley.
* [http://naturalhistory.mse.jhu.edu/ExhibitInformation/exhibitinfo_firstpg.html Animal, Vegetable and Mineral: Natural History books by ten authors] , on-line exhibit, Sheridan Libraries, Johns Hopkins University
* [http://brunelleschi.imss.fi.it/museum/esim.asp?c=300567 Online biography] , Institute and Museum of the History of Science, Florence


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abraham Trembley — Abraham Trembley. Abraham Trembley (* 3 de septiembre de 1710 12 de mayo de 1784) fue un naturalista suizo. Es conocido principalmente por ser el primero en estudiar las hidras y uno de los primeros que desarrolló la zoología experimental. Su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abraham Trembley — Abbildung der Hydra (1744) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham Trembley — (3 septembre 1710 – 12 mai 1784) est un naturaliste genevois. Il est principalement connu pour ses études de l hydre …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Trembley — (spr. Trembli), Abraham, geb. 1700 in Genf, war erst Erzieher bei dem englischen Gesandten im Haag, Graf Bentink, widmete sich dann der Naturgeschichte, ging mit dem Herzog von Richmond nach London u. st. 1784 in Genf. Er schr.: Mém. pour servir… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Trembley , Abraham — (1710–1784) Swiss zoologist Trembley was born at Geneva in Switzerland. In the uprising of 1733, however, his father Jean, a leading politician and soldier, was driven from office and into exile. The fall in the family s fortune forced Trembley… …   Scientists

  • Trembley, Abraham — ▪ Swiss naturalist born Sept. 3, 1710, Geneva, Switz. died May 12, 1784, Geneva       Swiss naturalist, best known for his studies of the freshwater hydra, mainly Chlorohydra viridissima. His extensive systematic experiments foreshadowed modern… …   Universalium

  • Тремблей — (Abraham Trembley) швейцарский естествоиспытатель (1700 1784), род. в Женеве. Будучи домашним учителем в Голландии, Т. занимался наблюдениями над мельчайшими обитателями пресной воды, при чем сделал открытие, имеющее громадное значение для науки …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Liste de zoologistes — Attention, il n est pas d usage en zoologie d utiliser d abréviation pour les noms des auteurs (contrairement aux usages de la botanique, voir ici). Cette liste ne constitue pas une liste officielle. Nous attirons l attention du lecteur sur son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste De Zoologistes —  Attention, il n est pas d usage en zoologie d utiliser d abréviation pour les noms des auteurs (contrairement aux usages de la botanique, voir ici). Cette liste ne constitue pas une liste officielle. Nous attirons l attention du lecteur sur …   Wikipédia en Français

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