- Prix Goncourt
The Prix Goncourt is a prize in
French literature, given to the authorof "the best and most imaginative prose work of the year".
Edmond de Goncourt, a successful author, critic, and publisher, bequeathed his entire estate for the foundation and maintenance of the
Académie Goncourt. In honour of his brother and collaborator, Jules Alfred Huot de Goncourt, (1830-1870), the Académie has awarded the Prix Goncourt every December since 1903. The jury that determines the winner meets at the "Drouant" restaurant to make its decision. The award, though nominal, ensures the winner celebrity status and a boost in sales.
The award may only be given to an author once, and has never been given to an author twice except in one case.
Romain Garywon it in 1956 for " Les racines du ciel", and then won it again under the pseudonym Émile Ajarin 1975 for " La vie devant soi".
A few of the authors who have won the prize are:
Marcel Proust, Jean Fayard, Simone de Beauvoir, Georges Duhamel, Alphonse de Châteaubriant, Antonine Maillet.
Some decisions for awarding the prize were controversial, the most famous case being the decision to award the prize 1919 to
Marcel Proust; this was met with indignation, since many in the public felt that the prize should have gone to Roland Dorgelèsfor "Les Croix de bois", a novel about the First World War, for the following reasons:
* the prize was supposed to be awarded to promising young authors, whereas Proust was 48 (Proust was a beginning author, though, which is the only eligibility requirement for the prize, age being unimportant);
* this was immediately after the end of the war, where Dorgelès had fought, whereas Proust had been deemed unfit for service for medical reasons (he had
The 1932 prize was also controversial for passing up Céline, and the voting process became the basis of the 1992 book "Goncourt 32" by
In 1987, the
Prix Goncourt des Lycéenswas established, as a collaboration between the Académie Goncourt, the French Ministry of Education, and FNAC, a book, music, and movie retailer.
Every year, the Académie Goncourt also awards the Goncourt prize of Poetry.
Prix Goncourt des Lycéens
Man Booker Prize
Commonwealth Writers' Prize
National Book Award
Whitbread Book Awards
Governor General's Award
List of prizes, medals, and awards
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