Piedmontese (cattle)

Piedmontese (cattle)

The Piedmontese ( _it. razza bovina Piemontese) is a breed of cattle from the region of Piedmont, in north-west Italy. The calves are born fawn in colour, turning grey-white as they mature.

Its origins date back to some 25,000 or 30,000 years ago when Zebu ("Bos taurus indicus") migrating from what is today Pakistan arrived in this area of plains, hills and mountains, surrounded on three sides by the Alps and Apennines and, unable to get any further, they interbred with the local Aurochs ("Bos primigenius"). The breed developed through natural selection followed by the normal processes of domestication and, particularly from the late nineteenth century when the characteristic postpartum hypertrophic muscle growth first appeared, through selective breeding. The first herd-book was opened in 1877.

The cattle are raised both for their milk, which is used for a number of the region’s traditional cheeses (Castelmagno, Bra, Raschera, and Toma Piemontese), and for meat: beef from the Piedmontese cattle is seen as a premium product.

The Piedmontese breed carries a unique gene for in-active myostatin, which increases muscularity, and also reduces the fat content while improving tenderness in the beef. This low fat beef is also lower in calories, higher in protein and contains a higher percentage of the good Omega 3 Fatty Acids. The fullblood population is considered homozygous for this in-active myostatin gene.The beef from Piedmontese and Piedmontese-cross cattle is consistent for these qualities of leanness and tenderness because it is a genetic influence rather than an environmental effect.

The herd in Piedmont numbers some 273,000 head of cattle.


* cite web|url= http://www.anaborapi.it/default_en.htm
title=Associazione Nazionale Allevatori Bovini di Razza Piemontese |accessdate=2006-12-02

* cite web|url=http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/cattle/piedmontese/index.htm
publisher=Oklahoma State University College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
title=Breeds of Livestock - Piedmontese Cattle|accessdate=2006-12-02

* cite web|url=http://www.piemondo.it/gastronomia/bovina_piemontese.htm
author=Piera Genta (ed.)
publisher=Torino Magazine / Piemondo
title= La Razza Bovina Piemontese

Further resources

* Agraria.org [http://www.agraria.org/razzebovinecarne/piemontese.htm Razze bovine: Piemontese] it
* [http://www.piemontese.org.uk/ British Piemontese Cattle Society]
* [http://www.piedmontese-napa.com/ The North American Piedmontese Cattle Association]
* [http://pauscattle.org/index.html Piedmontese Association of the United States]
* [http://www.prodottitipici.com/prodotto/6273/bovino-piemontese.htm prodottitipici.com :: Bovino piemontese] it
* Regione Piemonte. [http://www.regione.piemonte.it/agri/biodiversita/zootecnia/piemontese.htm Piemontese: Origine e sviluppo della razza] it

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Piedmontese (disambiguation) — Piedmontese may indicate: * Piedmontese language * People, or things of or relating to Piedmont * Piedmontese (cattle), a specific breed …   Wikipedia

  • Piedmontese — A breed of beef cattle that originated in Italy. Registry is by the Piedmontese Association of North America …   Combined glossary of agriculture

  • List of breeds of cattle — The following is a list of breeds of cattle. Over 800 breeds of cattle are recognized worldwide, some which adapted to the local climate, others which were bred by humans for specialized uses. Breeds fall into two main types, regarded as either… …   Wikipedia

  • Double-muscled cattle — refers to breeds of cattle that carry a mutation which represses the myostatin protein, consequently augmenting muscle growth. Affected breeds include: Belgian Blue Piedmontese Parthenais References McPherron, Alexandra; Lee, Se Jin (November… …   Wikipedia

  • beef cattle breeds commonly raised in the United States — Angus, Beefmaster, Belted Galloway, Brahman, Brangus, Charolais, Chianina, Devon, Gelbvieh, Limousin, Lincoln Red, Maine Anjou, Murray Grey, Normande, Piedmontese, Hereford, Red Angus, Salers, Santa Gertrudis, Shorthorn, Simmental, Texas Longhorn …   Combined glossary of agriculture

  • Myostatin — Identifiers Symbols MSTN; GDF8 External IDs OMIM:  …   Wikipedia

  • Roy Edgar Nelson — was a Canadian provincial politician. He was the Liberal member of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan for the constituency of Assiniboia Gravelbourg, from 1975 until 1978. He was the first MLA for the Assiniboia Gravelbourg riding,… …   Wikipedia

  • Piemonteser Rind — Piemonteser Bulle Das Piemonteser Rind ist eine Rasse des Hausrindes, die vor allem in Piemont vorkommt. Das Piemonteser Rind ist weiß gelblich, mit grauer Melierung und dunkler Pigmentierung der Hörnerspitzen, der Augen, Ohren, der Schwanzquaste …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Piemontese — Piemontaise Espèce V …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”