So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish

So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish

Infobox Book
name = So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish
title_orig =
translator =

image_caption = Ballantine Books, Paperback, 1999.
author = Douglas Adams
illustrator =
cover_artist = Peter Cross, U.S. hardcover
country = United Kingdom and United States
language = English
series = "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy"
subject =
genre = Comedy, Science fiction novel
publisher = Pan Books, UK; Harmony Books, U.S.
release_date = 1984
media_type = Paperback and hardcover
pages = 192, UK paperback; 224, U.S. paperback
isbn = ISBN 0-330-28700-1
preceded_by = Life, the Universe and Everything
followed_by = Mostly Harmless

"So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish" (1984, ISBN 0-345-39183-7) is the fourth book of the "Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy" series written by Douglas Adams. Its title is the message left by the dolphins when they departed Planet Earth just before it was demolished to make way for a hyperspatial express route, as described in "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy". The phrase has since been adopted by some science fiction fans as a humorous way to say "goodbye" and a song of the same name was featured in the 2005 film adaptation of "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy".

Plot summary

Arthur Dent has hitch-hiked his way randomly through the galaxy, and is dropped off on a planet in the middle of a rainstorm. He quickly realizes that he appears to be in the middle of England on the Earth, even though he had seen it previously destroyed by the Vogons. Furthermore, while he has been gone for several years, it appears only a few months have passed on Earth. He manages to hitch a ride with a man named Russell, who is driving home her sister Fenchurch (Fenny for short), after she had become delusional several months ago shortly after a worldwide incident involving mass hysteria over the "hallucinations with the big yellow spaceships". Arthur also learns that all the dolphins disappeared shortly after that event. Arthur becomes curious about Fenny, but they reach his home before he can ask more questions. Inside his still-standing home, Arthur finds, among a pile of junk mail, a gift-wrapped bowl inscribed with the words "So Long and Thanks". That night, Arthur cannot help but consider that Fenny is connected to him and the Earth's destruction somehow, and finds that he still has the ability to fly after he lets his thoughts wander.

After putting his life back in order, Arthur goes about trying to find more information about Fenny. He manages to catch her hitchhiking, and talks with her more in a pub, learning more about her unusual circumstances, but before he can get a number or address from her, she has to leave. He happens upon her home when he attempts to locate the cave he had previously lived in after crashing onto prehistoric Earth with the Galgafrinchians, Fenny's flat built on the same spot. As the two talk and find a connection between each other, including her having a similar bowl to Arthur's, Fenchurch reveals that moments before the hallucinations with the yellow ships, she had an epiphany about how to make everything right while sitting in a cafe, but then blacked out; even since then, she cannot recall that epiphany. After seeing that Fenny's feet do not touch the ground, Arthur teaches her how to fly, and together they make love over the London skies.

Together, they conventionally travel to California to see John Watson, aka "Wonko the Sane", a scientist who purports to know the cause of the dolphins' disappearance. He points out that he, too, has a similar bowl as Arthur and Fenny, and encourages them to listen to the bowl. Upon doing this, they learn from an audio message in the bowl that the dolphins, aware of the destruction of Earth by the Vogons, left the Earth to an alternate dimension but not before replacing the destroyed Earth with a new version, transporting everyone and everything to it as a way of saving the human species. After realizing the truth, Arthur explains what he has experienced in the last several years in hitchhiking across the galaxy to Fenny, who insists that she wants to see it all as well. They make plans to hitchhike out on the next passing spaceship.

Concurrent to these events, Ford Prefect discovers that during an update of the "Hitchhiker's Guide", that his previous entry for Earth, "Mostly harmless", has been replaced with the volumes of text he wrote during his research. Recognizing that something is strange, Ford begins to hitchhike across the galaxy to reach Earth, eventually using the ship of a giant robot to land in the center of London and causing a panic. In the chaos, Ford meets up with Arthur and Fenny, and together commandeer the robot's ship. Arther takes Fenny to the planet where God's Final Message to His Creation is written, and happen across Marvin, who, due to previous events, is now approximately 37 times older than the known age of the universe, and is barely able to continue. Marvin, with Arthur and Fenny's help, reads the Message, "WE APOLOGIZE FOR THE INCONVENIENCE", smiles, and dies happy.


The novel has a very different tone to the previous books in the series. Partly this is because it is a romance, and partly because the book jumps in time more than usual. Douglas Adams even humorously puts a side-story in it. Perhaps most notably, there is very little space-travel in the entire book, with Arthur only leaving the new Earth in the final chapters. Adams' editor Sonny Mehta moved in with the author to ensure that the book met its (extended) deadline. As a result, Adams later stated that he was not entirely happy with the book, which includes several jarring authorial intrusions, which fellow author Neil Gaiman described as "patronising and unfair".Fact|date=June 2008

The book also reflects a significant shift in Adams' view of computers. In the previous books, computers had been portrayed quite negatively, reflecting Adams' then views on the subject. However, between the writing of "Life, The Universe and Everything" and "So Long and Thanks for all the Fish", his attitude toward technology changed considerably. Having been taken along to a computer fair, he became enamoured with the first model of the Macintosh, the start of a long love-affair with the brand (he claimed to have bought two of the first three Macintosh in the UK - the other being bought by his friend Stephen Fry). In "So Long And Thanks For All The Fish", Arthur Dent purchases a computer for the purpose of star mapping; Adams makes only one disparaging comment about this decision.

Literary significance and reception

In 1993 the Library Journal said that "So Long and Thanks for all the Fish" was "filled with loopy humor and pretzel logic that makes Adam's writing so delightful". [cite journal|last=Pober|first=Stacy|date=1993-07-01|title=Audio reviews|journal=Library Journal|volume=Vol. 118|issue=Issue 12|pages=p148|issn=03630277]

Betsy Shorb reviewing for the School Library Journal said that "the humor is still off-the-wall but more gentle than the other books. The plot is more straight forward and slightly less bizarre than its predecessors". [cite journal|last=Shorb|first= Betsy|date=February 1985|title=So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish (Book).|journal=School Library Journal|volume=Vol. 31|issue=Issue 6|pages=p90|issn=03628930]


*Chapter 21 is a comedic digression on journalism, cultural progress and sexuality. In it, Adams uses the example of Brequinda on the Forth of Avalars, home to the mythical Fuolornis Fire Dragon.

*During the book, Arthur Dent recounts a story of something that once happened to him at a train station. He bought a packet of biscuits and sat down to wait for the train. Then a man, who was already sitting there at the opposite side of the table, opened the packet, took one biscuit and ate it. So Arthur took one, saying nothing, and they went through the whole packet like that. After the man had left, Arthur looked under his newspaper and discovered "his" packet of biscuits. Douglas Adams claimed this story actually happened to him, although a similar urban legend had been in circulation for years before the book was published. Adams' version of the tale is recounted in its original context in "The Salmon of Doubt". The story was cut, because of length, from original radio transmissions of the fourth radio series, but can be heard on the "extended version" CDs.

*In May 2005, an adaptation of the book, called "The Quandary Phase" was broadcast as part of "The Hitchhiker's Guide" radio series.

*A song entitled "So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish" was written for the 2005 film version of "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy" and is performed twice in the film -- during the opening credits by a chorus of dolphins and during the closing credits by Neil Hannon.

*If the prologue and epilogue are included, the book has 42 chapters.

Audiobook adaptations

There have been three audiobook recordings of the novel. The first was an abridged edition, recorded in the mid-1980s by Stephen Moore, best known for playing the voice of Marvin the Paranoid Android in the radio series, LP adaptations and in the TV series. In 1990, Adams himself recorded an unabridged edition, later re-released by New Millennium Audio in the United States and available from BBC Audiobooks in the United Kingdom. In 2006, actor Martin Freeman, who had played Arthur Dent in the 2005 movie, recorded a new unabridged edition of the audiobook.

External links

*snopes|link=|title=The Stolen Biscuits


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