Acrylic acid

Acrylic acid

Chembox new
Name = Acrylic acid
ImageFile = Acrylic acid.svg
ImageSize = 150px
ImageName = Acrylic acid
IUPACName = propenoic acid
OtherNames = Acroleic acid
Ethylenecarboxylic acid
Propene acid
Propenoic acid
Vinylformic acid

Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 79-10-7
RTECS = AS4375000

Section2 = Chembox Properties
Formula = CH2=CHCOOH
MolarMass = 72.06 g/mol
Appearance = clear, colorless liquid
Density = 1.051 g/mL, liquid
Solubility = Unlimited
MeltingPt = convert|12|°C|K F|abbr=on
BoilingPt = convert|139|°C|K F|abbr=on
pKa = 4.25
Viscosity = 1.3 cP at convert|20|°C|F|abbr=on

Section7 = Chembox Hazards
ExternalMSDS = []
MainHazards = Corrosive (C),
Dangerous for the
environment (N)
FlashPt = convert|46|°C|F|abbr=on
RPhrases = R10, R20/21/22,
R35, R50
SPhrases = S26, S36/37/39,
S45, S61

Acrylic acid or prop-2-enoic acid is a chemical compound (formula C3H4O2) and it is the simplest unsaturated carboxylic acid with a vinyl group at the α-carbon position and a carboxylic acid terminus. In its pure form, acrylic acid is a clear, colorless liquid with a characteristic acrid odor. It is miscible with water, alcohols, ethers and chloroform. Acrylic acid is produced from propene, a gaseous product of oil refineries.

Acrylic acid undergoes the typical reactions of a carboxylic acid and, when reacted with an alcohol, it will form the corresponding ester. The esters and salts of acrylic acid are collectively known as acrylates (or propenoates). The most common alkyl esters of acrylic acid are methyl-, butyl-, ethyl- and 2-ethylhexyl-acrylate.

Acrylic acid and its esters readily combine with themselves or other monomers (e.g amides, acrylonitrile, vinyl, styrene and butadiene) by reacting at their double bond, forming homopolymers or copolymers which are used in the manufacture of various plastics, coatings, adhesives, elastomers as well as floor polishes and paints.


Acrylic acid is severely irritating and corrosive to the skin. Eye contact can result in severe corneal burns and may result in irreversible injury. Inhalation of vapors may cause irritation to the respiratory tract, drowsiness or headache, although simply smelling the monomers does not mean you are being exposed to a hazard (air monitoring is necessary to determine exposure). The odor is described as pungent and acrid. Low exposure will cause minimal or no health effects, while high exposure could result in pulmonary edema.

ee also

*Methacrylic acid
*Acryloyl chloride

*Acrylate polymers
*Sodium polyacrylate

External links

* [ National Pollutant Inventory - Acrylic acid]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • acrylic acid — n a synthetic unsaturated liquid acid C3H4O2 that polymerizes readily to form useful products (as water soluble thickening agents) * * * acryl·ic ac·id (ə krilґik) a readily polymerizing liquid used as a monomer for acrylic polymers; see… …   Medical dictionary

  • acrylic acid — a colorless, pungent, liquid acid, H2C:CHCOOH, that is readily polymerized to form acrylic resins …   English World dictionary

  • acrylic acid — akrilo rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₂=CHCOOH atitikmenys: angl. acrylic acid rus. акриловая кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – propeno rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • acrylic acid — noun an unsaturated liquid carboxylic acid used in the manufacture of acrylic resins • Syn: ↑propenoic acid • Hypernyms: ↑carboxylic acid …   Useful english dictionary

  • acrylic acid — noun A colourless liquid unsaturated organic acid, CHCHCOOH; used as a monomer in the production of acrylic resins; forms acrylate esters by combination with alcohols. See Also: acrylamide, acrylate, acryl …   Wiktionary

  • acrylic acid — Chem. a colorless, corrosive liquid, C3H4O2, having an acrid odor, usually derived from acrolein by oxidation: used esp. in the synthesis of acrylic resins. [1850 55] * * * …   Universalium

  • acrylic acid — acryl′ic ac′id n. chem. a colorless, corrosive liquid, C3H4O2, used esp. in the synthesis of acrylic resins • Etymology: 1850–55 …   From formal English to slang

  • acrylic acid — /əˌkrɪlɪk ˈæsəd/ (say uh.krilik asuhd) noun 1. CH2=CH–CO2H, one of a series of acids derived from the alkenes; propenoic acid. 2. one of a series of acids based on substitution of propenoic acid by another group, such as CH3– or CN– …  

  • acrylic acid — noun Date: circa 1855 an unsaturated liquid acid C3H4O2 that polymerizes readily to form useful products (as constituents for varnishes and lacquers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • acrylic acid — n. unsaturated liquid acid that combines molecules readily to form useful products (especially varnishes and lacquers) …   English contemporary dictionary

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